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一组老照片:自由女神像是如何诞生的

一组老照片:自由女神像是如何诞生的

Alex Scimecca 2020年07月07日
自由女神像是法国赠送给美国的独立100周年礼物,由法国著名雕塑家弗雷德里克•奥古斯特•巴特勒迪设计完成,象征着自由精神

1905年左右的自由女神像。图片来源:UNIVERSAL HISTORY ARCHIVE/UNIVERSAL IMAGES GROUP/GETTY IMAGES

1885年6月17日,法国汽船带着自由女神像安然抵达纽约港。为了便于运送,它被拆成了350个组件。自由女神像是当时最大的雕像,坐落在布鲁克林大桥和三一教堂之上,象征着美国仍在努力实现的目标:人人自由。

自由女神像从基座到火炬高305英尺,重达45万磅,雕像中使用了88吨黄铜。该雕像的一只手长度超过16英尺,食指正好有8英尺长。自由女神像是法国赠送给美国的独立100周年礼物,由法国著名雕塑家弗雷德里克•奥古斯特•巴特勒迪设计完成,象征着自由精神。

这座巨大的雕像一直是独立的象征,也似乎是几个世纪人们为之奋斗的目标。

巴特勒迪早期制作的模型中,自由女神手里拿着断链,寓意1863年的奴隶解放,但在最后的模型中,断链被一块刻有日期1776年7月4日的铭板所代替,代表着《独立宣言》。而断了的镣铐和锁链则被放在了自由女神的脚下。这座雕像象征着美国奴隶制的解放与对待自由的开明态度。

下面,我们奉上一些珍贵的历史照片,回顾自由女神像是如何诞生的。

1878年,为了筹款完成“自由女神”的工程,自由女神像的头部在巴黎世界博览会上被公开展出。图片来源:Hulton-Deutsch Collection/CORBIS/Corbis/Getty Images

1882年,巴特勒迪团队建造了自由女神像的左手模型。图片来源:Library of Congress/Corbis/VCG/Getty Images

1883年左右,自由女神像赴美前在巴黎建造时的脚部景观。整个雕像于1881年至1884年间在巴黎完成并组装。图片来源:Hulton Archive/Getty Images

1884年左右,从巴黎查泽勒街可以看到被脚手架围起来的自由女神像。图片来源:Paul-Joseph-Victor Dargand/Frederic Lewis—Getty Images

自由女神像的脚于1885年到达贝德罗岛。1956年,该岛更名为自由岛。图片来源:Universal History Archive/Universal Images Group via Getty Images

自由女神像基座上的建筑。美国负责基座并提供资金,而法国则专注于雕像本身及其运输。为筹集资金,《纽约世界报》出版商约瑟夫普利策曾发起捐赠计划。图片来源:National Park Service

1886年10月28日,自由女神像落成。在典礼上,自由女神像被军事礼炮的浓烟笼罩。图片来源:Library of Congress

(财富中文网)

编译:于佳鑫

1885年6月17日,法国汽船带着自由女神像安然抵达纽约港。为了便于运送,它被拆成了350个组件。自由女神像是当时最大的雕像,坐落在布鲁克林大桥和三一教堂之上,象征着美国仍在努力实现的目标:人人自由。

自由女神像从基座到火炬高305英尺,重达45万磅,雕像中使用了88吨黄铜。该雕像的一只手长度超过16英尺,食指正好有8英尺长。自由女神像是法国赠送给美国的独立100周年礼物,由法国著名雕塑家弗雷德里克•奥古斯特•巴特勒迪设计完成,象征着自由精神。

这座巨大的雕像一直是独立的象征,也似乎是几个世纪人们为之奋斗的目标。

巴特勒迪早期制作的模型中,自由女神手里拿着断链,寓意1863年的奴隶解放,但在最后的模型中,断链被一块刻有日期1776年7月4日的铭板所代替,代表着《独立宣言》。而断了的镣铐和锁链则被放在了自由女神的脚下。这座雕像象征着美国奴隶制的解放与对待自由的开明态度。

下面,我们奉上一些珍贵的历史照片,回顾自由女神像是如何诞生的。

(财富中文网)

编译:于佳鑫

“Liberty Enlightening the World” arrived in the New York Harbor from its journey from France, disassembled in 350 pieces, on June 17, 1885. More commonly known as the Statue of Liberty, it was the largest statue at the time, towering over the Brooklyn Bridge and Trinity Church, and symbolized a message the country is still striving to attain today: liberty for all.

Rising 305 feet tall from its pedestal to torch, the statue weighs 450,000 pounds; 88 tons of brass were used in its structure. The length of one hand is more than 16 feet while her index finger measures exactly 8 feet. The colossal statue was a gift from France and the brainchild of French sculptor Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi to symbolize America’s message of liberty to the world, something he constructed while depressed at the ruins and wretchedness in his native land after defeat by Germany in the Franco-Prussian War.

The colossal statue was, and still is, a symbol of independence for all, but it's an ideal that has seemed ironic and unattainable for centuries.

In an early model, Bartholdi depicted Lady Liberty holding broken chains in her hand referring to the emancipation of slaves in 1863 . But in the final model, the chains were replaced with a tablet dated July 4, 1776 nodding to the Declaration of Independence. Bartholdi then placed the broken shackle and chains beneath Lady Liberty’s feet—they are basically impossible for visitors to see at most angles. Though it nodded to the emancipation of slavery in the U.S. and symbolized an enlightened approach to liberty, the country is still striving to attain the liberty for all it promotes.

Scroll below to see how the Statue of Liberty was built and constructed.

A model of the Statue of Liberty's head on display in the garden at the Champ de Mars at the World’s Fair in Paris in 1878. Construction on the project began in 1876, but the head was put on display to help raise money to complete the project of building Lady Liberty.

Artisans at Bartholdi's Parisian warehouse construct a full scale model of the Statue of Liberty's left hand in 1882.

A view of the Statue of Liberty's foot during construction in Paris before its journey to the United States, circa 1883. The entire statue was completed and assembled in Paris between 1881 and 1884.

View of the Statue of Liberty enclosed by scaffolding, while under construction, seen from the Rue de Chazelles in Paris, circa 1884.

The feet of the Statue of Liberty arrive on Bedloe's Island in 1885. The island was renamed Liberty Island in 1956.

Construction on the pedestal of the Statue of Liberty on Bedloe's Island. The U.S. was responsible for building and funding the 89-foot stone pedestal, while France focused on the statue itself and its transportation. Joseph Pulitzer, publisher of The World in New York City, played an important role in persuading the American public to contribute to the project.

During the statue's inauguration on Oct. 28, 1886, the Statue of Liberty is seen partly clouded by smoke from military and naval salutes.

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