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美国国会未达成协议,每周600美元的失业救济金将停止发放

美国国会未达成协议,每周600美元的失业救济金将停止发放

Lance Lambert 2020年07月30日
将失业救济金完全停止发放,可能会使经济重新陷入危机。

本周一,美国参议院共和党议员提议在接下来的两个月里,将每周的失业救济金从600美元下调至200美元。此后,该失业金将定为工人以前工资的70%。

但是民主党人并不打算减少这个数额。周三,关于下一个经济刺激法案的谈判,其中包括增加失业救济金的谈判,也未达成协议。

白宫办公厅主任马克•梅多斯在周三与参众两院民主党领袖开会后说:“我们还远没有达成协议……这意味着失业保险条款即将到期。”

目前正在领取失业救济金的美国失业者有3,140万人,他们将在本周失去每周600美元的额外失业补助。

如今还不能保证会有新的补助代替这600美元。梅多斯在周三表示,“谈判时间越长,达成协议的可能性就越大。”

经济学家告诉《财富》杂志,在没有替代方案的情况下,将每周600美元的失业救济金完全停止发放,可能会使经济重新陷入危机。因为该救助每月向家庭提供约500亿美元,阻止了美国消费支出的进一步萎缩。

由民主党主导的美国众议院通过了《英雄法案》(Heroes Act),该法案将把每周600美元的额外失业救济补助延长至2021年1月。目前还不清楚民主党愿意削减多少失业补助。

目前,每周领取600美元救济金的美国失业者包括各州失业登记册上的1,730万人,同时也有1,320万人通过疫情期间失业援助、940,113人通过紧急失业补偿得到了救济金。在失业救济金到期前,共有3,140万美国人领取了600美元的额外救助。(财富中文网)

编译:于佳鑫

本周一,美国参议院共和党议员提议在接下来的两个月里,将每周的失业救济金从600美元下调至200美元。此后,该失业金将定为工人以前工资的70%。

但是民主党人并不打算减少这个数额。周三,关于下一个经济刺激法案的谈判,其中包括增加失业救济金的谈判,也未达成协议。

白宫办公厅主任马克•梅多斯在周三与参众两院民主党领袖开会后说:“我们还远没有达成协议……这意味着失业保险条款即将到期。”

目前正在领取失业救济金的美国失业者有3,140万人,他们将在本周失去每周600美元的额外失业补助。

如今还不能保证会有新的补助代替这600美元。梅多斯在周三表示,“谈判时间越长,达成协议的可能性就越大。”

经济学家告诉《财富》杂志,在没有替代方案的情况下,将每周600美元的失业救济金完全停止发放,可能会使经济重新陷入危机。因为该救助每月向家庭提供约500亿美元,阻止了美国消费支出的进一步萎缩。

由民主党主导的美国众议院通过了《英雄法案》(Heroes Act),该法案将把每周600美元的额外失业救济补助延长至2021年1月。目前还不清楚民主党愿意削减多少失业补助。

目前,每周领取600美元救济金的美国失业者包括各州失业登记册上的1,730万人,同时也有1,320万人通过疫情期间失业援助、940,113人通过紧急失业补偿得到了救济金。在失业救济金到期前,共有3,140万美国人领取了600美元的额外救助。(财富中文网)

编译:于佳鑫

On Monday Senate Republicans rolled out their plan to reduce the unemployment benefit bonus—which is paid on top of state benefits—from $600 to $200 per week for the next two months. After that period, the benefit would transition into covering 70% of the unemployed persons' previous income through the end of the year.

But Democrats aren't onboard with reducing the benefit by that amount. And on Wednesday the negotiations on the next stimulus bill, which include the enhanced unemployment benefits, hit a partisan wall.

"We’re nowhere close to a deal ... It means enhanced unemployment insurance provisions will expire," said White House Chief of Staff Mark Meadows after an unproductive Wednesday meeting with Democratic Senate and House leaders.

That means that the 31.4 million jobless Americans who are currently receiving the enhanced benefit will go without the $600 benefit this week. The final $600 weekly federal unemployment benefit was for the week ending July 25.

And there is no guarantee the $600 will get replaced. “No deal certainly becomes a greater possibility the longer these negotiations take," Meadows said Wednesday.

Economists have told Fortune that allowing the $600 benefit to completely phase-out without a replacement could pull the economy back into a recession. The reason? The benefit was paying out around $50 billion per month to households, which prevented deeper contractions in consumer spending—something that makes up two-thirds of the U.S. economy.

Democrats have reassured unemployed Americans this week that they would not support cutting the weekly benefit from $600 to $200. The Heroes Act passed by House Democrats would’ve extended the $600 weekly benefit into January 2021. It's unclear by what amount Democrats would be willing to reduce the benefit.

Americans receiving the $600 weekly benefit include the 17.3 million Americans on state unemployment rolls. But there are also 13.2 million getting it through Pandemic Unemployment Assistance benefits, and the 940,113 on Pandemic Emergency Unemployment Compensation. In all 31.4 million Americans were receiving the $600 bonus before it expired.

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