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邮轮不能靠岸,9万多名船员被困海上两个月

邮轮不能靠岸,9万多名船员被困海上两个月

财富中文网 2020年05月16日
邮轮运营商表示,政府政策的不断变化和出行禁令,给他们送船员回家的工作增添了许多变数。

劳伦·卡里克和未婚夫乔·哈里森已经几周没有好好睡一觉了。他们两人是精致邮轮公司(Celebrity Cruises)“无极号”(Infinity)上的两位舞蹈演员。他们表示,被隔离在船上的近两个月时间让他们心力交瘁。

29岁的卡里克说:“我一直在哭。我们得靠酒精才能入睡,真是太糟糕了。我们感到焦虑、紧张、烦躁不安。我们只想回家。”

新型冠状病毒爆发之后,邮轮公司被迫停航,并把船员送回他们的祖国。在美国海域,包括卡里克和哈里森在内,共有超过9万名船员被困在邮轮里长达两个月时间。尽管公司能够遵照不断变化的复杂手续,将船员送回祖国,但最近船员去世的消息震惊了整个行业,船员们的精神健康问题也引起了人们的重视。

国际运输工人联盟(International Transport Workers’ Federation)海运部助理秘书法布里奇奥·巴塞罗那说:“船上的环境让人感到非常压抑。他们被困在船上太长时间,这会让他们陷入不安的状态。人们会变得焦虑,可能会情绪爆发。”国际运输工人联盟代表了各地方的工会。

嘉年华公司(Carnival Corp.)下属的公主邮轮公司(Princess Cruises)在上周日宣布,一位39岁的乌克兰籍船员,在鹿特丹港从“帝王公主号”(Regal Princess)跳海自杀。该公司在通过邮件发布的声明中表示,“帝王公主号”的船员正在等待被送回祖国的过程中。

该公司还表示,在“嘉年华微风号”(Carnival Breeze)上有一位船员被发现在舱房内身亡,但死亡原因与新冠疫情无关。该公司称,出于对船员家人的尊重,公司不会公布与死者有关的细节。嘉年华公司是全球最大的游艇运营商。

精致邮轮的母公司皇家加勒比邮轮有限公司(Royal Caribbean Cruises Ltd.)是全球第二大邮轮运营商。该公司表示,约两周前,有一位船员从“海洋珠宝号”(Jewel of the Seas)邮轮上跳海自杀。

回家不易

前挪威邮轮公司(Norwegian Cruise Line)的客户经理克里斯塔·托马斯表示,船员们称这些自杀事故让他们非常紧张,士气低落。她负责运营两个Facebook页面,分别针对被困在海上的船员及其家人。她说,最近几天有多位船员私信她说想要自杀。

托马斯目前在加拿大温哥华主持这两个页面的运行。她说:“许多人每天21个小时被隔离在狭小的舱房内,孤独和压力让他们不堪重负。许多人被要求马上收拾行李离开,但他们的包机却被取消了。这些起起伏伏的遭遇让他们备受打击。”

邮轮运营商表示,政府政策的不断变化和出行禁令,给他们送船员回家的工作增添了许多变数。美国海岸警卫队(U.S. Coast Guard)于周一表示,超过124艘邮轮正在美国水域内航行或者停泊,共有船员94,600人。

皇家加勒比国际邮轮公司(Royal Caribbean International)的首席执行官迈克尔·贝利在本月写给船员的一封信中写道:“我们如何回家这个貌似简单的问题,却变得极其复杂。关于哪些人可以通过什么方式在什么时间回国,每个国家都有不同的规定。但在新冠疫情爆发之后,这些规则变得五花八门,而且各国经常不事先通知就修改规则。”

贝利说,有约15个国家禁止本国公民在疫情期间回国。

菲律宾海岸警卫队(Philippine Coast Guard)称,截至上周,有20艘邮轮共约7,100名菲律宾船员一直被困在马尼拉海湾,等待政府完成检测之后才能回国。船员和部分经营者表示,许多人已经被隔离在舱房内至少两周。菲律宾海岸警卫队在电子邮件中表示,船员还需要隔离14天才可以下船。

皇家加勒比国际邮轮公司称,其邮轮上的全部25,000名船员都已经完成了14天室内隔离,目前正在执行社交隔离。贝利在信中表示,虽然公司已经将9,100名船员送回了祖国,但公司依旧在为来自60个国家的其他船员制定计划。

嘉年华公司称,港口关闭和出行禁令成为阻碍船员登陆的障碍。嘉年华公司的发言人罗杰·弗里泽尔表示,该邮轮运营商在上个月已经送2万名船员回国,但仍有52,500名船员等待回国。该公司共有105艘邮轮,船员约90,000人。

疾病预防和控制中心的要求

3月14日,美国疾病预防和控制中心(Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)对美国海域内的所有邮轮发布了首份禁航令。许多邮轮运营商从那时候开始正式停航。

禁航令禁止乘客登船,并要求邮轮公司制定疫情防控计划。疾病预防和控制中心的网站上显示,自2月以来,共有30多次邮轮行程发生了新冠疫情。

上个月,疾病预防和控制中心提出了新要求,规定邮轮公司高管必须保证船员将乘坐包机和其他私人交通工具回国。根据新规定,为了防止疫情传播的风险,船员不能使用公共机场的航站楼或交通设施。

出行禁令也意味着在个别情况下,船员需要在多次换乘之后才可以再次登陆。

来自英国的卡里克和哈里森几天前被转移到了精致邮轮旗下的“水印号”(Reflection)。有人让他们收拾行李,周一换到另外一艘邮轮上,但他们还有一个最后的选择,就是继续留在这艘船上,等待下周乘坐包机回到英国。

他们选择了后者,同时他们还做出了另外一个重要的决定。他们在邮轮上表演舞蹈已经有超过6个年头,这将是他们最后一次航行。

卡里克说:“这段经历如同噩梦一般。我都不敢去想重新回到邮轮上的生活。”(财富中文网)

作者:Jonathan Levin, K. Oanh Ha, 彭博社

译者:Biz

劳伦·卡里克和未婚夫乔·哈里森已经几周没有好好睡一觉了。他们两人是精致邮轮公司(Celebrity Cruises)“无极号”(Infinity)上的两位舞蹈演员。他们表示,被隔离在船上的近两个月时间让他们心力交瘁。

29岁的卡里克说:“我一直在哭。我们得靠酒精才能入睡,真是太糟糕了。我们感到焦虑、紧张、烦躁不安。我们只想回家。”

新型冠状病毒爆发之后,邮轮公司被迫停航,并把船员送回他们的祖国。在美国海域,包括卡里克和哈里森在内,共有超过9万名船员被困在邮轮里长达两个月时间。尽管公司能够遵照不断变化的复杂手续,将船员送回祖国,但最近船员去世的消息震惊了整个行业,船员们的精神健康问题也引起了人们的重视。

国际运输工人联盟(International Transport Workers’ Federation)海运部助理秘书法布里奇奥·巴塞罗那说:“船上的环境让人感到非常压抑。他们被困在船上太长时间,这会让他们陷入不安的状态。人们会变得焦虑,可能会情绪爆发。”国际运输工人联盟代表了各地方的工会。

嘉年华公司(Carnival Corp.)下属的公主邮轮公司(Princess Cruises)在上周日宣布,一位39岁的乌克兰籍船员,在鹿特丹港从“帝王公主号”(Regal Princess)跳海自杀。该公司在通过邮件发布的声明中表示,“帝王公主号”的船员正在等待被送回祖国的过程中。

该公司还表示,在“嘉年华微风号”(Carnival Breeze)上有一位船员被发现在舱房内身亡,但死亡原因与新冠疫情无关。该公司称,出于对船员家人的尊重,公司不会公布与死者有关的细节。嘉年华公司是全球最大的游艇运营商。

精致邮轮的母公司皇家加勒比邮轮有限公司(Royal Caribbean Cruises Ltd.)是全球第二大邮轮运营商。该公司表示,约两周前,有一位船员从“海洋珠宝号”(Jewel of the Seas)邮轮上跳海自杀。

回家不易

前挪威邮轮公司(Norwegian Cruise Line)的客户经理克里斯塔·托马斯表示,船员们称这些自杀事故让他们非常紧张,士气低落。她负责运营两个Facebook页面,分别针对被困在海上的船员及其家人。她说,最近几天有多位船员私信她说想要自杀。

托马斯目前在加拿大温哥华主持这两个页面的运行。她说:“许多人每天21个小时被隔离在狭小的舱房内,孤独和压力让他们不堪重负。许多人被要求马上收拾行李离开,但他们的包机却被取消了。这些起起伏伏的遭遇让他们备受打击。”

邮轮运营商表示,政府政策的不断变化和出行禁令,给他们送船员回家的工作增添了许多变数。美国海岸警卫队(U.S. Coast Guard)于周一表示,超过124艘邮轮正在美国水域内航行或者停泊,共有船员94,600人。

皇家加勒比国际邮轮公司(Royal Caribbean International)的首席执行官迈克尔·贝利在本月写给船员的一封信中写道:“我们如何回家这个貌似简单的问题,却变得极其复杂。关于哪些人可以通过什么方式在什么时间回国,每个国家都有不同的规定。但在新冠疫情爆发之后,这些规则变得五花八门,而且各国经常不事先通知就修改规则。”

贝利说,有约15个国家禁止本国公民在疫情期间回国。

菲律宾海岸警卫队(Philippine Coast Guard)称,截至上周,有20艘邮轮共约7,100名菲律宾船员一直被困在马尼拉海湾,等待政府完成检测之后才能回国。船员和部分经营者表示,许多人已经被隔离在舱房内至少两周。菲律宾海岸警卫队在电子邮件中表示,船员还需要隔离14天才可以下船。

皇家加勒比国际邮轮公司称,其邮轮上的全部25,000名船员都已经完成了14天室内隔离,目前正在执行社交隔离。贝利在信中表示,虽然公司已经将9,100名船员送回了祖国,但公司依旧在为来自60个国家的其他船员制定计划。

嘉年华公司称,港口关闭和出行禁令成为阻碍船员登陆的障碍。嘉年华公司的发言人罗杰·弗里泽尔表示,该邮轮运营商在上个月已经送2万名船员回国,但仍有52,500名船员等待回国。该公司共有105艘邮轮,船员约90,000人。

疾病预防和控制中心的要求

3月14日,美国疾病预防和控制中心(Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)对美国海域内的所有邮轮发布了首份禁航令。许多邮轮运营商从那时候开始正式停航。

禁航令禁止乘客登船,并要求邮轮公司制定疫情防控计划。疾病预防和控制中心的网站上显示,自2月以来,共有30多次邮轮行程发生了新冠疫情。

上个月,疾病预防和控制中心提出了新要求,规定邮轮公司高管必须保证船员将乘坐包机和其他私人交通工具回国。根据新规定,为了防止疫情传播的风险,船员不能使用公共机场的航站楼或交通设施。

出行禁令也意味着在个别情况下,船员需要在多次换乘之后才可以再次登陆。

来自英国的卡里克和哈里森几天前被转移到了精致邮轮旗下的“水印号”(Reflection)。有人让他们收拾行李,周一换到另外一艘邮轮上,但他们还有一个最后的选择,就是继续留在这艘船上,等待下周乘坐包机回到英国。

他们选择了后者,同时他们还做出了另外一个重要的决定。他们在邮轮上表演舞蹈已经有超过6个年头,这将是他们最后一次航行。

卡里克说:“这段经历如同噩梦一般。我都不敢去想重新回到邮轮上的生活。”(财富中文网)

作者:Jonathan Levin, K. Oanh Ha, 彭博社

译者:Biz

Lauren Carrick and fiance Joe Harrison haven’t had a good night’s sleep in weeks. The two dancers on Celebrity Cruises’s Infinity say being held aboard ships for almost two months has left them emotionally drained.

“I cried all day,” said Carrick, 29. “We need to have alcohol to sleep -- that’s how bad it is. We’re worried, tense, stressed out. We just want to get home.”

Carrick and Harrison are among the more than 90,000 cruise workers in U.S. waters stranded on ships two months after the coronavirus pandemic began forcing cruise lines to halt operations and repatriate crew. While companies work through a thicket of shifting rules on returning workers to their home countries, recent deaths of crew have shook the industry and underscored concern about mental health.

“It’s a very stressful situation,” said Fabrizio Barcellona, assistant secretary for seafarers at the International Transport Workers’ Federation, which represents local unions. “The prolonged periods they have to stay on board can create a situation of unrest. People can become distressed and that can create flash points.”

Carnival Corp.’s Princess Cruises said last Sunday a 39-year-old crew member from the Ukraine was killed after leaping off its Regal Princess in the port of Rotterdam. The ship’s crew was in the process of being repatriated, the company said in an emailed statement.

Another worker was found dead in his cabin on the Carnival Breeze, unrelated to Covid-19, the company said. Carnival, the world’s largest operator, said it was not providing details of the death out of respect for the worker’s family.

Royal Caribbean Cruises Ltd., the No. 2 line and owner of Celebrity Cruises, said a crew member went overboard from its Jewel of the Seas about two weeks ago.

‘Suicidal’ Messages

Crew members have said the reported deaths have rattled them and dampened morale, said Krista Thomas, a former Norwegian Cruise Line guest manager who’s operating two Facebook pages for stranded crew and their families. In recent days, several workers have told her in direct messages that they are suicidal, she said.

“Many of these people have been isolated in their small cabins for 21 hours a day and they’re breaking down from the loneliness and stress,” said Thomas, who operates the pages from Vancouver, Canada. “Many have been told to pack quickly to leave, and then their charter flights get canceled. Those highs and lows are taking their toll.”

The cruise line operators say government policy changes and travel restrictions have complicated efforts to get crew home. More than 124 cruise ships with 94,600 workers aboard are underway or at anchor in U.S. waters, the U.S. Coast Guard said Monday.

“That one simple question – how do we get you home? – turns out to be incredibly complex to answer,” Michael Bayley, chief executive officer of Royal Caribbean International, wrote in a letter to crew members this month. “Each country has rules and regulations for who can travel home, and how, and when. But in the wake of the coronavirus pandemic, those rules have gone in all different directions – and they frequently change without notice.”

About 15 countries won’t allow their citizens to return home at all amid the pandemic, said Bayley.

About 7,100 Filipino crew on 20 ships were anchored in Manila bay as of last week, awaiting government testing and clearance to return home, the Philippine Coast Guard said. Many have been confined to their cabins for at least two weeks, according to crew and some operators. They will be quarantined 14 more days before leaving the vessel, the Coast Guard said in an email.

Royal Caribbean International has said all 25,000 crew members on its ships have completed 14 days of in-room quarantine and are now practicing social distancing. While the company has repatriated about 9,100 seafarers, plans are still being made for the others, who come from 60 different countries, Bayley said in the letter.

Carnival has also cited port closures and travel restrictions as roadblocks to getting crew back on land. The operator repatriated 20,000 workers last month, leaving 52,500 waiting to go home as of Friday, according to Roger Frizzell, a spokesman for Carnival, which employs about 90,000 crew on 105 cruise ships.

CDC Requirements

The business shutdown for many cruise operators began in earnest March 14, when the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention issued its first-ever no sail order for all cruise ships in U.S. waters.

The order banned passengers from boarding and required lines to come up with plans to contain COVID-19 infections. Since February, more than 30 cruise voyages have been linked to coronavirus outbreaks, according to the CDC website.

Last month, the CDC updated requirements that called for cruise company executives to guarantee that seafarers would be flown home on charter flights and other private transport. Under the rules, crew should not use public airport terminals or transportation to avoid the risk of spreading infections.

Travel restrictions have also meant that in some cases, workers are shuffled from one ship to another before they can set food on land again.

Carrick and Harrison, both from the U.K., were moved to another Celebrity ship, the Reflection, a few days ago. They were told to pack to transfer to yet another ship Monday, but were given a last-minute option to remain on their current ship and then get on a charter flight to the U.K. next week.

They chose the flight and have also made another important decision. After dancing on ships for more than 6 years, this will be their last voyage.

“This whole experience has been a nightmare,” said Carrick. “I can’t even think of coming back to a ship.”

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