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有工作却没收入,美国“无薪休假”员工因疫情急剧增加

有工作却没收入,美国“无薪休假”员工因疫情急剧增加

Rey Mashayekhi 2020年04月01日
无薪休假的员工也可以领取失业救济。

为了应对新型冠状病毒疫情和相关封城措施造成的经济损失,许多公司继续裁员,周一,美国就业方面又传出了更多坏消息。

梅西百货宣布其13万名员工中的大多数将开始无薪休假。消息一出,便成为一个大新闻。该百货公司巨头旗下还包括布鲁明戴尔百货店和美妆品牌Bluemercury等。该公司表示,自3月18日所有门店全部关闭之后,尽管网上销售没有停止,但其“销售额损失惨重”。

给员工放无薪假的公司不止梅西百货一家。盖璞集团也在周一宣布,美国和加拿大的大部分零售店员工将无薪休假。该公司在一篇通讯稿中称公司将“暂停发放工资,但会继续支付相关福利,直到门店能重新开业。”万豪国际、通用电气、Everlane和芝乐坊餐厅等来自不同行业的数十家公司也采取了类似措施,如无薪休假、临时解雇和永久裁员等。

随着新冠疫情对经济的破坏日益加重,有人估计未来几周到几个月,美国失业人数将高达4700万人。以下是人们需要了解的一些信息。

什么是无薪休假?

简而言之,无薪休假就是没有薪水休假。被要求无薪休假的员工理论上没有失业,但这个词本身意味着员工不再为雇主工作,并且也不再赚取工资。这是一种临时安排,工作者总有一天会回到工作岗位。

无薪休假与裁员之间有什么区别呢?

无薪休假是一种临时安排,而裁员却相反:裁员是永久终止某个人的雇佣关系,包括停止发放工资和福利。员工被要求无薪休假,意味着他有机会重新回到工作岗位;但员工被裁员,回归的可能性微乎其微。

公司为什么要求员工无薪休假?

正如当前的情况一样,公司可能面临临时的经济压力,导致他们不得不减少眼下的工资支出。在这种情况下,要求员工无薪休假是可取的。如果公司预测近期内经济状况会有所好转,使公司有实力再次增加人手(并且让经验丰富、接受过培训的员工停止休假返回岗位),这样做更是合理的选择。曾带领霍尼韦尔度过大衰退的高德威认为,公司要求员工无薪休假而不是直接裁员,让它可以在危机结束后更快恢复元气。这种观点得到了许多CEO的认同。

在无薪休假期间能否领到工资?

没有工资。作为一种削减成本的措施,员工无薪休假期间,公司不发放工资。

在无薪休假期间能否保留福利?

是的,通常情况下可以。例如,梅西百货和盖璞都表示,无薪休假的员工可以保留健康福利。但这一点也取决于雇主,另外公司可能更难维持员工的非健康类福利,比如退休福利等,这要取决于这些福利的具体条款。

在无薪休假期间,能否领取失业救济?

失业保险主要由各州统筹管理,因此能否领取失业保险通常取决于你所工作和生活的地方;有些州可能允许无薪休假的员工领取失业保险,但有的州可能没有这种规定。

不过,美国国会最近通过的新型冠状病毒刺激计划在更大范围内临时解决了这个问题。该刺激计划扩大了失业救济的范围,即使不符合各州领取条件的人员,只要他们的失业与新型冠状病毒疫情有关,就可以领取失业救济。无薪休假的员工以及兼职人员、自由职业者、独立承包商和自雇人士都符合条件。

如果我被要求无薪休假,我是否可以领取联邦政府每周发放的600美元失业救济?

是的。国会计划向符合失业保险条件的所有人每周额外发放600美元。由于新型冠状病毒刺激计划扩大了失业救济的范围,因此领取这项额外补助的人数也会大幅度增多。每周600美元失业救济将持续到7月31日。

公司会要求员工无薪休假多长时间?

这个问题没有统一的答案:这完全取决于公司自身的情况、当地的法律规定等因素(如加入工会的雇员集体谈判协议的条款等)。但总体上来说,无薪休假应该是临时的短期安排;否则简单地裁员对公司更有利,而且员工也可以继续寻找新的固定工作。(财富中文网)

译者:Biz

为了应对新型冠状病毒疫情和相关封城措施造成的经济损失,许多公司继续裁员,周一,美国就业方面又传出了更多坏消息。

梅西百货宣布其13万名员工中的大多数将开始无薪休假。消息一出,便成为一个大新闻。该百货公司巨头旗下还包括布鲁明戴尔百货店和美妆品牌Bluemercury等。该公司表示,自3月18日所有门店全部关闭之后,尽管网上销售没有停止,但其“销售额损失惨重”。

给员工放无薪假的公司不止梅西百货一家。盖璞集团也在周一宣布,美国和加拿大的大部分零售店员工将无薪休假。该公司在一篇通讯稿中称公司将“暂停发放工资,但会继续支付相关福利,直到门店能重新开业。”万豪国际、通用电气、Everlane和芝乐坊餐厅等来自不同行业的数十家公司也采取了类似措施,如无薪休假、临时解雇和永久裁员等。

随着新冠疫情对经济的破坏日益加重,有人估计未来几周到几个月,美国失业人数将高达4700万人。以下是人们需要了解的一些信息。

什么是无薪休假?

简而言之,无薪休假就是没有薪水休假。被要求无薪休假的员工理论上没有失业,但这个词本身意味着员工不再为雇主工作,并且也不再赚取工资。这是一种临时安排,工作者总有一天会回到工作岗位。

无薪休假与裁员之间有什么区别呢?

无薪休假是一种临时安排,而裁员却相反:裁员是永久终止某个人的雇佣关系,包括停止发放工资和福利。员工被要求无薪休假,意味着他有机会重新回到工作岗位;但员工被裁员,回归的可能性微乎其微。

公司为什么要求员工无薪休假?

正如当前的情况一样,公司可能面临临时的经济压力,导致他们不得不减少眼下的工资支出。在这种情况下,要求员工无薪休假是可取的。如果公司预测近期内经济状况会有所好转,使公司有实力再次增加人手(并且让经验丰富、接受过培训的员工停止休假返回岗位),这样做更是合理的选择。曾带领霍尼韦尔度过大衰退的高德威认为,公司要求员工无薪休假而不是直接裁员,让它可以在危机结束后更快恢复元气。这种观点得到了许多CEO的认同。

在无薪休假期间能否领到工资?

没有工资。作为一种削减成本的措施,员工无薪休假期间,公司不发放工资。

在无薪休假期间能否保留福利?

是的,通常情况下可以。例如,梅西百货和盖璞都表示,无薪休假的员工可以保留健康福利。但这一点也取决于雇主,另外公司可能更难维持员工的非健康类福利,比如退休福利等,这要取决于这些福利的具体条款。

在无薪休假期间,能否领取失业救济?

失业保险主要由各州统筹管理,因此能否领取失业保险通常取决于你所工作和生活的地方;有些州可能允许无薪休假的员工领取失业保险,但有的州可能没有这种规定。

不过,美国国会最近通过的新型冠状病毒刺激计划在更大范围内临时解决了这个问题。该刺激计划扩大了失业救济的范围,即使不符合各州领取条件的人员,只要他们的失业与新型冠状病毒疫情有关,就可以领取失业救济。无薪休假的员工以及兼职人员、自由职业者、独立承包商和自雇人士都符合条件。

如果我被要求无薪休假,我是否可以领取联邦政府每周发放的600美元失业救济?

是的。国会计划向符合失业保险条件的所有人每周额外发放600美元。由于新型冠状病毒刺激计划扩大了失业救济的范围,因此领取这项额外补助的人数也会大幅度增多。每周600美元失业救济将持续到7月31日。

公司会要求员工无薪休假多长时间?

这个问题没有统一的答案:这完全取决于公司自身的情况、当地的法律规定等因素(如加入工会的雇员集体谈判协议的条款等)。但总体上来说,无薪休假应该是临时的短期安排;否则简单地裁员对公司更有利,而且员工也可以继续寻找新的固定工作。(财富中文网)

译者:Biz

Monday brought more bad news for American workers, as companies continue to lay off workers to cope with the economic damage of the coronavirusoutbreak and the related lockdown.

This time, Macy’s made the biggest headlines with the news that it will be furloughing the majority of its 130,000 employees. The department store giant—which also owns and operates Bloomingdale’s and Bluemercury—said that despite continuing to sell items online, it has “lost the majority of our sales” since closing all of its stores on March 18.

But Macy’s is far from alone. Gap Inc. also announced that it would befurloughing most of its retail workers in the U.S. and Canada on Monday—“pausing pay but continuing to offer applicable benefits until stores are able to reopen,” the company said in a press release. And dozens of companies as diverse as Marriott, General Electric, Everlane, and The Cheesecake Factory have taken similar measures, ranging from furloughs to temporary and permanent layoffs.

With more economic hurt almost certainly in the cards, some estimates predict unemployment will to a stunning 47 million in the weeks and months to come. Here’s what they need to know.

What is a furlough?

In short, a furlough is an unpaid leave of absence. While furloughed employees still technically retain their jobs, the furlough itself means that they cease working for their employers and do not earn a salary. The idea is that this is a temporary arrangement, and workers will one day be able to return to their jobs.

What is the difference between being furloughed and laid off?

While a furlough is meant to be a temporary arrangement, being laid off is quite the opposite: a permanent termination of one’s employment, including salary and benefits. The door is open for one’s return when they’re furloughed; when they’re laid off, that’s very rarely the case.

Why do companies furlough employees?

As we’re seeing now, companies can fall under temporary economic pressures that mean they have to reduce payroll for the time being. In such cases, furloughing employees can make sense—especially if the company foresees better economic conditions on the horizon that would allow it to staff up again in the near future (and bring back experienced, already trained employees from furlough to take up those jobs). Some CEOs like David Cote, who ran Honeywell during the Great Recession, say that furloughing employees rather than laying them off allowed his company to regain ground much more quickly once the crisis had

Do you get paid during a furlough?

No. As a cost-cutting measure, companies do not pay employees while they’re furloughed.

Do you keep your benefits during a furlough?

Yes, more often than not. For example, both Macy’s and Gap said that furloughed employees would be able to retain their health benefits while on leave. But it can also depend on the employer, and non-health benefits (like retirement benefits) may be trickier to maintain depending on their terms.

Can you collect unemployment benefits if you get furloughed?

As unemployment insurance is predominantly managed at the state level, this usually depends on where you live and work; some states may usually allow furloughed workers to collect unemployment, while others may not.

However, Congress’s recently passed coronavirus stimulus package has temporarily resolved this issue on a wider scale—extending unemployment benefits to those who may not be eligible at the state level, so long as their unemployment is connected to the coronavirus outbreak. Furloughed employees qualify, as do part-time workers, freelancers, independent contractors, and the self-employed.

Am I eligible for the federal government’s $600 weekly payment to unemployed workers if I’m furloughed?

Yes. Congress is extending that $600 weekly check to all individuals eligible for unemployment insurance—now a significantly larger number given the coronavirus stimulus package’s expansion of unemployment coverage. The $600 weekly payout lasts through July 31.

How long can a company furlough an employee?

There is no uniform answer to this question; it depends entirely on the company, the rules and regulations in its local jurisdiction, and other factors (such as the terms of collective bargaining agreements for unionized employees). However, in general, furloughs are supposed to be viewed as temporary, short-term arrangements; otherwise, it would make more sense for companies to simply lay off employees, and for employees to move on and find new permanent employment.

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