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孩子该如何应对科技产品,YouTube的首席执行官为你支招

Danielle Abril 2019年05月29日

苏珊·沃西基告诫父母们不要让孩子过度地接触高科技。

图片来源:Getty Images

对于科技应该在儿童的生活中扮演什么样的角色,伊瑟·沃西基提出了一个新观点。她认为科技是一个宝贵的工具,能够让孩子广泛地接触到各种信息。这个想法对于作为科技界首席执行官苏珊·沃西基(YouTube)和安妮·沃西基(23andMe)的母亲来说倒是在意料之中。然而,作为一位长期的教育工作者,她依然敬告父母们不要让孩子过度地接触高科技。

她说:“我们需要做的就是教育孩子如何正确地使用科技,也就是约束与自我约束。”

在近期于旧金山举行的《财富》最具影响力的商界女性晚宴上讲话时,沃西基提到,教育子女如何应对科技有助于孩子养成成年以后的习惯。如果父母不希望子女对科技上瘾的话,他们就得以身作则。

作为新书《如何培养成功人士:小案例,大影响》(How to Raise Successful People: Simple Lessons for Radical Results)的作者,沃西基说:“子女都以父母为榜样。因此,你也不能在晚饭时接电话,不管这个电话有多么重要。”

她向父母推荐的一个资源是常识媒体,这是一家非营利性组织,致力于倡导儿童网络安全,而且连接着不同形式的媒体。该组织打造了一个评级系统,帮助父母筛选横跨不同媒体的适龄内容。它还获得了立法支持,以保护儿童的在线数据。有意思的是,该机构最近呼吁YouTube和Netflix这类公司删除宣传致瘾行为的功能。

除了谈论对科技的看法之外,沃西基还介绍了她曾经用于灌输领导价值的一些策略。她在创建帕洛阿尔托高中“媒体艺术”项目,以及抚养苏珊、安妮和珍妮特·沃西基之时都曾经用过这些策略。三女儿珍妮特是旧金山加州大学的儿科教授。

她的秘诀是什么?赋权。

她对她的学生和女儿们说:“我给予她们的是自由、尊重和信任。我知道我所做的一切奏效了。”

她在过去几十年一直说,她使用了TRICK策略为年轻人赋权,这是一个缩语,由信任、尊重、独立、合作和善良的首字母组成。对了,其中一个赋权的对象还包括好莱坞演员詹姆斯·弗兰克。就鼓舞处于萌芽状态的领导者来说,不管你是孩子、学生,还是专业人士,赋权都会带来巨大的影响力,这一点与是否是孩子、学生或专业人士无关。

她说:“她们在工作中真的很卖力,因为她们知道我很在意,而且我对她们深信不疑。作为家长和老师,我们可以做到这一点。”(财富中文网)

译者:冯丰

审校:夏林

Esther Wojcicki has a nuanced view of the role technology should play in children’s lives. As you might expect from the mother of tech CEOs Susan Wojcicki (YouTube) and Anne Wojcicki (23andMe), she sees tech as a valuable tool for making vast amounts of information widely accessible. But, as befits her role as a long-time educator, she still cautions parents against overexposing children to technology.

“What we need to do is teach our children how to use technology appropriately,” she said. “In other words, restraint and self-restraint.”

Speaking at Fortune’s Most Powerful Women dinner in San Francisco recently, Wojcicki said teaching children how to handle technology helps establish habits they’ll carry into adulthood. And if parents don’t want their children to be addicted to tech, they’ll have to lead by example.

“Kids model after their parents,” said Wojcicki, who is the author of the new book How to Raise Successful People: Simple Lessons for Radical Results. “So you can’t answer [your phone] at dinner either, no matter how important that call is.”

One resource she recommended to parents is Common Sense Media, a nonprofit group that advocates for the safety of children online and in connection to different forms of media. The group has created a rating system that helps parents navigate age-appropriate content across different media. It also has backed legislative efforts to protect children’s data online and, interestingly, recently called on companies like YouTube and Netflix to remove features that promote addictive behaviors.

In addition to talking about her views on tech, Wojcicki discussed some of the strategies she’s used to instill leadership values—both as the founder of the Media Arts programs at Palo Alto High School and as mom to Susan, Anne, and Janet Wojcicki, a University of California at San Francisco professor of pediatrics.

Her secret? Empowerment.

“What I was giving them was freedom, respect, and trust,” she said about her students and daughters. “I knew what I was doing worked.”

She says over the last several decades, she has used TRICK—an acronym she uses to describe trust, respect, independence, collaboration, and kindness—to empower young people, which, by the way, includes Hollywood actor James Franco. And empowerment makes all the difference when it comes to inspiring budding leaders, whether that’s children, students, or professionals.

“They work really hard because they know that I care … and that I do believe in them,” she said. “That’s what we can do as parents … as teachers.”

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