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知天命之年再战职场,这些城市是最佳选择

Matthew Heimer 2017年10月19日

无论是想在事业上重振旗鼓,还是为退休做准备,这些城市都是择业的好去处。

对很多职场中人来说,50岁到70岁是人生中难以把握的阶段。如果事业已成,肯定不用担心退休。但有可能精力仍然旺盛,还有不少壮志未酬,不愿彻底放弃工作尽情享乐。甚至可能迎来职业大转变。换句话说,并不只是“继续工作”和“不工作”两个选项。

假如以上描述与你相符,恭喜你,越来越多人跟你一样。过去二十年,美国人的平均退休年龄逐步提高。财经媒体MarketWatch本周发布波士顿学院退休研究中心教授艾丽西亚•穆奈尔所著文章称,部分原因是1946年到1964年出生的婴儿潮一代面临的经济压力巨大,感觉无力承担退休后的生活开支。同时也反映出,随着“知识型工作”越来越重要,加之人们健康状况更好,大批受过良好教育的劳动者可以顺利延长职业生涯。

一些美国城市的经济环境特别适合这个年龄层的求职者,人才市场可以提供很多不错的就业机会,可以吸引考虑易地安居的“准退休人士”。实际上,离休前搬家的情况并不少见。只要新工作适合,子女离家的空巢老人可能搬去适合退休养老的地方。

目前来看,以下五个城市非常欢迎临退休人士就业,因为某些行业发展迅速,文化氛围也比较宜居,比较适合喜欢有自由时间的职场老手。

德克萨斯州奥斯汀

失业率:3.2%

人口:948,000

德州首府奥斯汀发展最迅速的是科技产业,去年教育、医疗、休闲娱乐和酒店业也增加了1.1万工作岗位。

由于人口猛增和房价上涨,这座向来保持“奥斯汀式古怪”的艺术氛围受到一定影响,但音乐和电影设施仍欣欣向荣。奥斯汀南面的大学城圣马科斯和该市相距约51公里,还保留着独特的艺术环境,生活成本普遍较低。

南卡罗来纳州格林维尔

失业率:3.8%

人口:67,000

在南卡罗来纳处于阿巴拉契亚山麓的上州地区,最大的城市是格林维尔。由于税收比较优惠,吸引了宝马、米其林和通用电气之类大公司,近些年上州地区已成为制造业和工程业的中心。该地区的金融服务、教育和政府部门工作岗位正在增多。

格林维尔是暖冬气候,适合远足的小径和自行车道密布,热爱户外活动的婴儿潮时代人非常喜欢。从此处往北只要一小时车程就能抵达北卡罗来纳州的度假胜地阿什维尔和蓝岭群山,去南卡罗来纳州的海滩约有四小时车程。此外,格林维尔已经成为美食爱好者的聚集地,汇集了酿制美味啤酒的厂家和大批精选的本地餐馆,还有一个非常受欢迎的农贸市场。

明尼阿波利斯

失业率:3.4%

人口:414,000

美国劳工部统计局数据显示,明尼阿波利斯城区去年增加了将近4.5万个工作岗位,增幅达到2.3%,比全国增长水平高将近整整一个百分点。当地的医疗保健和商业服务行业就业增长尤其迅速,平均工资高于全国和地区水平。

明尼阿波利斯和所在州明尼苏达州首府圣保罗并称双子城,这两个城市的寒冬天气让一些退休人士望而却步,但美国退休人员协会(AARP)报告称,近些年该市的50岁以上劳动者迁入人数超过离开人数。美国联合健康基金会去年的一项调查显示,由于医疗保健网遍布州内各处,当地居民健身活动参与率也很高,1990年以来明尼苏达州每年都跻身美国最健康州十强之列。

奥兰多

失业率:3.8%

人口:277,000

多年来,奥兰多一直是美国增长最快的人才市场之一。当地房产价格适中,外来移民流入,一些生活在北方的婴儿潮一代人也会选择在子女离家后迁至此处,推动了当地经济发展。

当地随处可见带着米老鼠耳朵的成年男女,当然可以取笑,但迪士尼乐园和环球影城主题乐园是50岁以上人士的大雇主,而且老人也喜欢感觉更轻松的工作,缓解之前白领工作的压力。会议策划、市场推广专员和医疗行政人员也是奥兰多紧俏的职业。

盐湖城

失业率:3.4%

人口:194,000

盐湖城所在的犹他州是一些知识产业公司的避难所,可以不必再负担加州和临太平洋西北地区昂贵的房价和薪资成本。(问问犹他州“硅坡”的科技公司就知道了。)

但由于本地人口不算稠密,犹他州的空缺职位经常招不够人。美国劳工部统计局数据显示,盐湖城因此成为过去十年美国薪资增长最快的城市之一。在盐湖城中心区,人们的实际收入还要更高,因为当地住房成本比全美平均水平低得多。还有个优势,攒下钱去犹他州山脉Mountain West登山和滑雪更轻松。(财富中文网)

译者:Pessy

审稿:夏林

 

The years between age 50 and 70 represent a tricky transitional “life stage” for many professionals. If you’ve been successful at work, you may already have the means to retire. Chances are, though, that you’ve got too much energy, and too many “what if” ambitions, to commit to leisure full time. You may be ready for a big change, in other words – just not a change from “working” to “not working.”

If this describes you, you’re part of a growing cohort. The average retirement age has risen steadily for the last 20 years. That’s partly a sign of greater financial strains on baby boomers who feel they can’t afford to retire, as Alicia Munnell of the Center for Retirement Research at Boston College wrote this week for MarketWatch. But it also reflects the rise of a well-educated segment of the workforce that has been able to extend their careers longer thanks to better health and the growing importance of “knowledge jobs.”

Some U.S. cities have economic climates that are particularly friendly to job seekers in this demographic. Their job markets are generating opportunities that are great for locals—and good enough to encourage “pre-retirees” to consider relocating. Indeed, it’s not uncommon for empty-nesters to move to an area where they’re considering retiring, long before they actually stop working, when a new job facilitates such a move.

Here are five cities that look particularly welcoming, based on the fastest-growing sectors of their economies and the cultural amenities they offer to a veteran professional who’s looking forward to some free time.

Austin, Texas

Unemployment rate: 3.2%

Population: 948,000

The booming tech industry in Texas’s state capital gets most of the attention, but the education, health, and leisure-and-hospitality sectors have added more than 11,000 jobs in the past year.

A population boom and rising housing prices have dimmed some of the “Keep Austin Weird” reputation of the city’s arts community. But the city’s music and film scenes remain vibrant. And San Marcos, 32 miles south, is another university town where an artsy eccentricity and lower cost of living still prevail.

Greenville, S.C.

Unemployment rate: 3.8%

Population: 67,000

Greenville is the biggest city in South Carolina’s Upstate region in the Appalachian foothills. Upstate has become a hub for manufacturing and engineering in recent years, since state tax breaks lured employers like BMW, Michelin and GE. Jobs in financial services, government and education are on the rise as the region grows.

The city’s mild winter weather and its web of hiking and biking trails make it a favorite haunt of outdoorsy baby boomers. Asheville, N.C., and the Blue Ridge mountains are an hour north, while South Carolina’s beaches are about four hours away. Greenville has also become a major foodie destination, with craft breweries, a huge selection of locally owned restaurants, and a popular farmers’ market.

Minneapolis

Unemployment rate: 3.4%

Population: 414,000

The Minneapolis metro area saw 2.3% job growth over the past year, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, almost a full percentage point more than the nation as a whole—adding nearly 45,000 jobs. The health care and business services sectors in the area have grown particularly quickly, and average wages in the city outstrip the national and regional averages.

Winter weather drives some retirees away from the Twin Cities, but AARP reports that the area has actually seen a net migration of workers over age 50 in recent years. And healthy lifestyles, especially outdoor sports, are part of the draw. In surveys by the UnitedHealth Foundation, Minnesota has ranked among the nation’s 10 healthiest states every year since 1990, thanks to a strong statewide health-care network and very high rates of physical activity among residents.

Orlando

Unemployment rate: 3.8%

Population: 277,000

Orlando has been one of the nation’s fastest-growing job markets for several years, with an economy driven by immigration, affordable real estate, and “snowbirding” baby boomers resettling for their empt7-nest years.

Joke all you want about grown men and women wearing Mickey Mouse ears, but the DisneyWorld and Universal Studios theme park complexes are major employers for people over 50 who want to trade the stresses of a white-collar career for something more light-hearted. Meeting planners, marketing pros and medical adminstrators are also in high demand in the Orlando.

Salt Lake City

Unemployment rate: 3.4%

Population: 194,000

Utah has become something of a refuge for knowledge-industry companies that no longer want to put up with the costs of real estate and wages in California or the Pacific Northwest. (Just ask the tech companies of the state’s “Silicon Slopes.”)

But since Utah itself isn’t exactly populous, job openings often outnumber the available talent. Consequently, Salt Lake City has enjoyed among the highest rates of salary growth in the country over the past decade, according to BLS data. Those dollars stretch a lot further in a metro area where housing costs are quite a bit lower than the national average. The upshot: More disposable income for skiing and hiking excursions in the Mountain West.

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