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《财富》40位40岁以下精英的私藏书单曝光

《财富》40位40岁以下精英的私藏书单曝光

Rachel King 2020年10月08日
用阅读来结束这次长假,或许是个不错的选择。

今年上榜《财富》“40位40岁以下商业精英榜单”的年轻商界领袖们,为我们提供了他们的私藏书单,这些书对他们的职业生涯产生了决定性影响。

用阅读来结束这次长假,或许是个不错的选择。

金融篇

以下是今年40位40岁以下金融精英推荐的书。

《一发致胜》(Serve to Win)

作者:诺瓦克•德约科维奇

诺瓦克·德约科维奇的《一发致胜》中提到,要想赢得比赛和保持领先,就需要纪律、干劲和牺牲,这一点我很有共鸣。

体育界的奉献精神和斗志与商业界如此相似,我深受触动。我认为能在商业上取得巨大成功的人是“企业中运动员”。坚持、精神力量和永不放弃的意志是必备素质。

——阿克谢·纳赫塔,软银集团高级投资副总裁

《动荡时代的领导力》(Leadership in Turbulent Times)

作者:多丽丝·卡恩斯·古德温

我认为,优秀的书籍总是能在恰当时机提供启发,并且内容也很丰富。

去年1月,我读了多丽丝·卡恩斯·古德温有关四位美国总统的生活和挑战的书。我是个历史迷。她介绍了每位总统所面临挑战的相似之处,以及克服挑战时相似的性格特征和价值观。

在新冠疫情席卷世界和各行各业之际,我们格外需要了解领导者的基本原则、在困难中做正确事情的坚持,以及对大众的责任心。过去六个月里,我经常回想起书中的内容。

——尼尔·巴尔·迪恩 桥水基金投资引擎联合负责人

《清单革命 : 如何持续、正确、安全地把事情做好》(The Checklist Manifesto: How to Get Things Right)

作者:阿图·葛文德

当我做第一份工作时,当时的经理将这本书推荐给新入职分析师。

我发现这本书是将梦想分解为目标,再将目标分解为任务,然后跟踪任务完成情况,方法简单有效。虽然解决方案看似技术含量很低,但只要坚持并形成习惯,就能保持工作和生活中所有事井井有条,大大降低犯错、延期、重蹈覆辙或迷茫不知前路的可能性。

阅读这本书后我才明白,再复杂的过程也是由一系列简单步骤组成的,书中的方法大大提升了效率。最棒的一点在于,它告诉我们不必执着于不可能的事,比如提升智商或者改变个性,这些其实并没那么重要。书中的方法针对的是那种任何人只要下定决心都可做到的事,将它们直接转变为每天都能完成的任务。

——比尔·庞,千禧管理投资组合经理

《开头90天,更新和扩展》:快速聪明提速的成熟战略 (The First 90 Days, Updated and Expanded: Proven Strategies for Getting Up to Speed Faster and Smarter)

作者:迈克尔·D·沃特金斯

迈克尔·D·沃特金斯的《开头90天》一直伴随着我职业生涯进步。

书中提醒人们在加入新公司或承担新角色时,倾听和学习的重要性。如果是新手,解决方案可能看起来很简单,但我喜欢在实现快速和长期的成功之前,先了解公司的历史和逻辑。

这本书为过渡期管理提供了实用框架。每当我在生活中遇到转变,哪怕是在同一家公司内的调整,都会参考书中的建议。我觉得帮助很大,所以给公司里每位经理都发了一本。

——凯娅·科尔,美国万通数字体验负责人

《穷人的理财经》(Portfolios of the Poor: How the World’s Poor Live on $2 a Day)

作者: 达瑞尔•柯林斯、乔纳森•默多克、斯图尔特•拉瑟福德和奥兰达•鲁思文

我在刚工作不久时,阅读了《穷人的理财经》(对孟加拉国、印度和南非数百个家庭的理财研究),读完后,观念产生了彻底的改变。

书中解释了一家之主在面临收入微薄,且现金流有限时,如何利用资金。本书清晰阐明了Tala的精神基础:一些贫穷人士在积极生活,并细致规划理财,却无法纳入当前的金融体系。只要帮他们灵活获取流动性,提供正确的理财工具,他们就能在社区层面实现脱贫,促进全球经济增长。

——希瓦尼·希罗亚 Tala创始人兼首席执行官

《聘谁:用A 级招聘法找到最合适的人》(Who: Solve Your #1 Problem)

作者:杰夫·斯玛特、兰迪·斯特里特

我刚步入职场就意识到,企业无论大小都是员工的总和。雇佣合适的团队成员最为重要。

我职业早期经历过一次混乱的招聘,差点掉入陷阱,阅读这本关于面试最佳实践的书帮我实现了重大转变。如今,我跟价值观和使命一致的优秀团队合作,对此心中充满感激,团队的价值观和使命是为全国各地各类企业家提供投资,他们都在重塑未来,努力实现看似不可能的事。

——安娜·梅森 Revolution’s Rise of the Rest Seed Fund合伙人

《第三波浪潮:企业家对未来的展望》(The Third Wave: An Entrepreneur’s Vision of the Future)

作者:史蒂夫·凯斯

本书主要介绍了互联网“第三波浪潮”的过程,以及为何说现在的科技企业家在推动未来世代与技术互动的变革。此外,作者还谈到了“其他地区崛起”现象,即风险资本转移到并非传统科技中心的城市。在“其他地区革命性崛起探访之旅”中,凯斯还亲自拜访了位于奥兰多的创业公司Fattmerchant办公室。

探访期间他分享了一些数据,我很有共鸣,职业生涯也就此定下新目标。

数据显示75%的风险投资流向了加州、纽约和马萨诸塞州,只有1%的资本流向了少数族裔女性创始人的公司。身为支付技术公司的女性创始人,我面临着各种挑战,但看到具体数据时还是吓了一跳。

我之所以能成功,主要靠策略、身边非常棒的团队,还有坚持不懈的努力。但已然还有很多女性面临斗争。我的使命是协助其他女性创立成功的企业,改变只有不到2%的女性创业者实现100万美元收入的现状。

——苏尼拉·玛蒂哈尼 Fattmerchant创始人兼首席执行官

《视觉解释:图像和数量,证据和叙述》(Visual Explanations: Images and Quantities, Evidence and Narrative)

作者:爱德华·R·塔夫特

我第一次读到这本书是在普林斯顿大学,从那时起,我一直在将书中内容付诸实践。无论是计划图纸还是公司投资者演示文稿的草稿,简单明确的信息可视化呈现肯定比复杂的陈述直观得多。

——凯尔·科克伦 摩根士丹利技术投资银行业务执行董事

《团队协作的五大障碍》(The Five Dysfunctions of a Team: A Leadership Fable)

作者:帕特里克·兰西奥尼

书中解决了一些可能降低团队效率的障碍,哪怕团队里都是高端人才,哪怕团队已然灵感不断。我特别喜欢本书的原因是,书中没有“雇用最优秀人才”之类乱七八糟的建议。所有人都知道要找优秀人才,问题是怎样才能招来最优秀的人?书中内容很具体,也很有帮助。

——塞巴斯蒂安·斯米雅科夫斯基 Klarna联合创始人兼首席执行官

《新新事物:硅谷故事》(The New New Thing: A Silicon Valley Story)

作者:迈克尔·刘易斯

我第一次读这本书还是十多年前,当时我还没进恩颐投资工作,巧合的是最近我重读了一遍。尽管我在湾区上的大学,对硅谷的历史和知识却知之甚少。

我第一次读到这本书,感觉写得太夸张,但能从中了解创新经济背后的驱动力,以及打造颠覆性初创企业所需的团队建设。当时我还没有意识到这一点,不过这本书是非常好的入门读物,让人意识到风投的关键在于创始人,他们是英雄。

另外有帮助的一点是,书中提到了几位后来我有幸共事的恩颐投资合作人!现在我已在风投行业工作了十几年,重读这本书时才发现,书中的介绍一点也不夸张。

——瑞克·杨 恩颐投资普通合伙人

《心态:全新成功心理学》(Mindset: The New Psychology of Success)

作者:卡罗尔·S·德维克

这本书改变了我对商业和生活中潜力和增长的看法。书中展示了为什么要意识到存在两种心态——固定型心态和成长型心态,以及采取成长型心态的重要性。

我准备商学院入学的GMATs考试时,有亲身经历。

第一次考试时,我根本没练习。不出所料,我失败了。幸运的是,丈夫指出我主要采取了固定心态,应该做些调整。我的数学和应试能力都不差,只是不够努力。

经过努力,第二次考试结果好得多。同样,第一次担任首席执行官时我也经常要面对全新情况。采取成长心态后,我深刻明白遇到新情况或者不舒服的事并非坏事,而是学习和成长的好机会。

——卡梅伦·皮克 Azlo联合创始人兼首席执行官

卡罗尔·德威克博士的《心态》是我职业生涯中受益最大的一本。书中强调没有什么一成不变,智力可以变,能力可以变,技能也一样。任何事物都可以随着时间的推移而成长和发展。

《心态》提醒我,如果做某些事情变得容易,就代表我能通过努力和奉献完成和学习任何事。这本书让我有信心迎接新的挑战和不可预见的机遇,也塑造了我的职业观。

——戴安娜·阿维拉 TransferWise银行业务和扩张全球负责人

《僧侣与谜语::一位硅谷企业家的创业智慧》(The Monk and the Riddle: The Art of Creating a Life While Making a Living)

作者:兰迪·科米萨

《僧侣与谜语》对我影响很大,作者是我在斯坦福大学的教授兰迪·科米萨。

书中内容主要是关于生活,也有探讨追求人生目标的话题。书中观点是世上并非只有一条路,关键在于旅程本身。作者鼓励读者多问“为什么”,挑战自己做某件事的动机。他提出了延长规划的概念,即有时人们认为现在做的某件事可能不好,但也许能帮助未来做想做的事。但这种心态容易随着时间推移不断重复,意味着永远无法过上想要的生活。

我读这本书时非常注重目标导向,所以书中的观点我很多年后才接受,最终变为我生活方式的一部分。

——乔希·里维斯 联合创始人兼首席执行官

《从“为什么”开始——乔布斯让Apple红遍世界的黄金圈法则》 (Start With Why: How Great Leaders Inspire Everyone to Take Action)

作者:西蒙·斯涅克

《从“为什么”开始》一书阐述了优秀领导者的思考方式往往相似,并能付诸实施,非常有影响力,也很鼓舞人心。我发现这种管理和领导方法可以带来非常大的帮助。

——克里斯·格罗斯 摩根大通技术投资银行业务董事总经理兼首席运营官

《枪炮、病菌与钢铁 : 人类社会的命运》(Guns, Germs, and Steel: The Fates of Human Societies)

作者:贾雷德·戴蒙德

本书着重探讨了为什么有些国家富裕而另一些国家贫穷。我刚工作时曾在加纳、南非和印度生活和工作,戴蒙德教授对相关问题的历史观点,对我思考很多受历史限制的国家如何实现经济转型有着深刻影响。

——莎拉·坎农 Index Ventures合伙人

《疯狂出击:如何培育赢得战争、治愈疾病、改变企业的疯狂想法》(Loonshots: How to Nurture the Crazy Ideas That Win Wars, Cure Diseases, and Transform Industries)

作者:萨菲·巴赫尔

最近读了萨菲·巴赫尔的《疯狂出击》,我很有共鸣。

巴赫尔在书中将诸如固态变液态的过程与现实世界中企业转变市场的实例相比较,最近我开拓新市场,发现他的观点与金融市场创新关系密切。现有企业要同时经历多个发展阶段,既要保护盈利的业务线,又要颠覆相关业务线确保未来顺利壮大。

——艾米·洪 高盛集团全球市场部董事总经理兼市场结构战略主管

科技篇

以下是本年度40位40岁以下科技界精英人士的推荐书目。

《非暴力沟通》(Nonviolent Communication: A Language of Life)

作者:马歇尔·卢森堡

你是否曾第二次(甚至第三次)阅读同一本书,却依旧能从中取得新收获?你是否曾听过一场还算不错的演讲,但由于你的脑海中充满了各种新创意,所以整场经历变成了那一天中最精彩的体验?我认为,这本书之所以会被评价为“最好的”书籍,固然有其自身内容的原因,但读者的心理背景也同样重要。因此,我期待着在今晚重温《非暴力沟通》。

虽然我很反感使用“最”来形容事物,但我认为,沟通是最困难、最重要也是最普遍的活动之一。我的大部分日常活动就是在与人沟通——沟通的对象可能是供应商、特定的同事群体、某个代码库的用户,抑或是未来的我自己。

作为一名工程师兼研究人员,我能否在重大挑战中取得进展取决于大量的团队合作。因此,我每天都在见证昨天的沟通质量会怎样不断影响着今天的生产力。这种影响力一般是由内容驱动的,但现实地说,它更多的是由情感驱动的。

《非暴力沟通》这本书深入地审视了沟通的情感特性,同时认真地思考了如何在富有成效的真诚沟通中接受其情感特质。就我个人而言,我通过这本书学到的技巧体现在说话和倾听上,而且还能在重读时取得更多的收获。

——谷歌研究院高级研究科学家、量子电子工程师(谷歌硬件部门AI量子团队)玛丽莎·朱斯蒂娜

《网:阿加西自传》(Open)

作者:安德烈·阿加西

我特别喜欢安德烈·阿加西的《网:阿加西自传》。这本书里有许多关于如何取得成功以及自我提升等方面的精彩论点。那些关于努力工作、不断学习以及成就伟大事业所需承受的压力等方面的内容特别具有启发性。

遇到困难时,我会想起他在书中写下的一句话:“将眼前的危机当作针对下一次危机的演习。”书中还有一条很有意思的线索,就是当你在试着了解自我的时候也会遭到误解。我觉得我们所有人都曾在个人生活或工作中有过类似的体验。最困难的挑战往往来自人际关系,或者与自己的斗争中。

——Postmates首席财务官克里斯汀·希弗

《活出生命的意义》(Man’s Search for Meaning)

作者:维克多·E·弗兰克尔

在我的职业生涯中,我总会反复参考个别的几本书,其中有两本尤为重要。一本是由几位知名职业指导专家联合撰写的《意识领袖的15项承诺》。这本书的内容基本上围绕一个主要原则——在生活中要注意像真正的成年人那样行事,才能有效减少各种不必要的麻烦。

另一本是由犹太人大屠杀幸存者、精神病学家维克多·弗兰克尔撰写的《活出生命的意义》。这本书教会了我很多东西,比如怎样在困境中心存感激,并表达出自己的感激,也使得在真正经历困境时表达感恩变得更加容易。

通过换一种角度来看待挑战,我发现自己可以从每一次挑战中学到很重要的东西。当我把这一点应用到我的工作中时,我很感恩能够拥有一份对我周围的人甚至其他人来说都很重要、很有价值的工作。我可以很自豪地说,我每天所做的工作都会让我觉得很有成就感,即便身处困境或面临新挑战的时候也是如此。

——Reddit联合创始人兼首席执行官史蒂夫·霍夫曼

《思考,快与慢》(Thinking, Fast and Slow)

作者:丹尼尔·卡尼曼

没有一本书能够在多年间始终对我有着很深远的影响,但丹尼尔·卡尼曼的《思考,快与慢》绝对是对我影响最大的五本书之一。这本书让我更清楚地了解到人脑是如何工作的。

另外一本很有意思的书也影响到了我,就是由斯蒂芬·C·伦丁、约翰·克里斯坦森和哈里·保罗联合创作的《鱼,一种激发工作热情的绝妙方法》。通过这本书,我意识到我们每天都可以选择自己的态度。所以我们可以选择每天都用积极的态度去工作和生活。

——SAP公司执行董事兼首席技术官于尔根·穆勒

我最常会想起的书是丹尼尔·卡尼曼的《思考,快与慢》。这本书探讨了大脑是如何处理不同种类信息的问题,同时揭示了我们每天思考的内容和做出的决策背后隐藏的偏见和结构。

——Squarespace创始人兼首席执行官安东尼·卡萨莱娜

《Synchronicity: The Inner Path of Leadership》

作者:乔塞夫·乔沃斯基

《Synchronicity: The Inner Path of Leadership》是我在16岁时读到的第一本管理科学类书籍。它对我解决问题的方式,以及雇佣领导力思维的形成产生了深远影响。

一直以来,我都会尽力对结果作出预设,并通过倾听、学习和优化方案的手段吸引人才。具体的策略并不重要,这是个需要多样视角的学习过程,等待着我的要么成功,要么就是迅速的失败。

——英特尔云业务战略和平台服务高级总监丽贝卡·伊丽莎白·利彭·威克利

《沃顿商学院最受欢迎的思维课》(Give and Take: Why Helping Others Drives Our Success by Adam Grant)

作者:亚当·格兰特

我很欣赏组织心理学家亚当·格兰特所进行的研究。他在这部著作中指出,营造一种推崇团队合作而非个人奋战的环境能带来更大的成功。合作文化能让那些“给予者”,即为了解决问题燃烧自我,且不求回报的人茁壮成长。一般来说,团队中表现最好的都是给予者。

——Flexport旗下Flexport.org主管苏西·肖恩伯格

《Simple Habits for Complex Times》

作者:珍妮弗·加维·贝格与基思·约翰斯顿

《Simple Habits for Complex Times》是我的最爱之一。我读过的许多书都着重于战术性地对各种职业挑战的解决方案作出定义。而这本书不一样,它强调的是通过重构问题,另辟蹊径解决麻烦的方法。疫情当前,对于如今的我来说,这本书尤为重要。

——谷歌工程副总裁伊丽莎白·里德

《沙乡年鉴》(A Sand County Almanac)

作者:奥尔多·利奥波德

我在威斯康星州北部长大,这是我父亲朗读给我听的第一本“真正的书”。后来,我有幸被威斯康星大学麦迪逊分校录取,就读于野生动物生态学专业(由奥尔多·利奥波德设立)。利奥波德在其职业生涯中的实践历程给我留下了深刻的印象。

在《沙乡年鉴》之前,他还写了《狩猎管理》一书,阐述了通过狩猎控制野生动物数量的数学和统计学原理。利奥波德有着强烈的好奇心,他从不惧怕在获得新知识后改变自己的想法。大学毕业时,我收到的礼物是一本分校各教职人员都签过名的书。我把它放在了我的办公桌上,既是为了阅读,也是为了提醒自己,自然界惊人地复杂、美丽且有必要保存下去。

——微软首席环境官卢卡斯·乔帕博士

《我知道笼中鸟为何歌唱》(I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings)

作者:玛雅·安吉罗

在我的记忆深处,有一本曾深深打动过我的书,就是我在高中时读的《我知道笼中鸟为何歌唱》,作者是玛雅·安吉罗。那是我第一次读安吉罗博士的书,并且,我还清楚地记得当时所体会到的丰富情感。

我透过这本书看到并感受到了许多,而在那之前,我从未想过一本书能带来这样的体验。它向我展示了文字对人的影响力——让人哭,让人笑,让人以全新的方式认识这个世界。我在职业生涯中一直铭记于心。我是否能出一份力,创造出能让人们去感受,或是去以全新方式认识这个世界的文字?

——Snap Inc.旗下Snap Originals主管凡妮莎·格思里

《牧羊少年奇幻之旅》(The Alchemist)

作者:保罗·科埃略

使我产生共鸣的不是什么自助书籍或纪实文学,而是保罗·科埃略撰写的《牧羊少年奇幻之旅》。主人公圣地亚哥的旅程告诉我们,职业生涯其实就是一场旅行,不必争分夺秒地从A点赶到B点。你的职业与你的生活息息相关,虽然充满了曲折,但只要热爱、坚持不懈地追求、不害怕风险和失败,你就能抵达想去的任何地方。享受这段旅程吧。

我自己的旅程就充满了曲折。从为Prime会员提供金融服务,到加入Amazon in the Community团队为回馈社区服务,我从先前的岗位和公司中学到了很多。我把自己的经验都运用到了如今的工作上,思索着该如何利用好亚马逊的资源——产品、物流、技术——去帮助那些贫穷、饥饿、无家可归、被天灾侵扰的社区和家庭。

——亚马逊首席产品经理陈庄芊

《设立守望者》(Go Set a Watchman)

作者:哈珀·李

珍·路易丝·芬奇的旅程与我自己的职业经历产生了深刻的共鸣。我觉得,这是我读过的最真实的成长故事之一。在不迷失自我的情况下,即便不喜欢,却依然能学会一些可能从根本上改变自己世界观的东西,这真是一项非常强大的技能。这本书让我知道了,相比于我希望的,这个世界到底是什么样子。

——Palantir Technologies广告主管泰德·马布雷

《头号玩家》(Ready Player One)

作者:欧内斯特·克莱因

我喜欢能够激发奇思妙想的书籍和电影。我最喜欢的电影之一(改编自一本书)就是《头号玩家》。受到它的启发,我在脑海中构建出了一间全球性的、多维的、互动化的教室,来自世界各地的人们都可以在一种虚拟化的仿真环境里相互交流和学习。这部电影真的引发了我对未来的想象和希望:学生们不仅应该了解金字塔,还要和来自世界各地的同学们一起,在虚拟世界中亲眼看到金字塔,感受它的存在。

总有一天,这一切都将成为现实。因此,我们通过VIPKid,激发着学生们的奇思妙想,希望他们长大之后能让这样的梦想成真。

——VIPKid总裁米雯娟

《指环王》(The Lord of the Rings)

作者:约翰·罗纳德·瑞尔·托尔金

我认为,对我帮助最大的书籍就是《指环王》。不是因为我从中学到了什么非常重要的知识,而是因为它以一种完美的比喻方式,阐释了隐私对于学生以及其他非技术性人才无比重要的原因。没有了隐私,就可能有人铸造出“指环”,统治全人类,摧毁整个社会。隐私很重要。

——洛桑联邦理工学院(EPFL)助理教授卡梅拉·特隆科索

政治篇

以下是本年度政府和政治领域“40位40岁以下精英”的推荐书单。

《这样说最有效》(How to Say It at Work)

作者:杰克·格里芬

从这本书以及一些优秀的管理培训课程中,我学到了一位领导者适应团队需求的重要性。领导者不仅要管理工作任务,还要管理和关心团队成员。你必须真正考虑到每个人的经历,并认真评价每个人如何理解你所传达的信息。现在我能直观地找到最有效的沟通方式。

但当你刚刚进入管理层的时候,如果你只专注于实现结果、执行任务和达到目标,你很容易会低估这些方面。我真正发自内心地认识到,了解我的团队而不只是他们的任务能让我的管理更加有效。从那一刻开始,我的领导能力不断提高,这也推动了我的职业发展。

—— 梅丽莎·基尔比,联合国基金会,Girl Up执行董事

《我的孤单,我的自我:单身女性的时代》(All the Single Ladies)

作者:丽贝卡·特雷斯特

丽贝卡·特雷斯特的《我的孤单,我的自我:单身女性的时代》这本书,对我成年后的生活的影响最为深远。

我第一次读到这本书是在一次坐飞机长途旅行的途中。当时我即将过30岁生日。这本书对我非常有价值。书中传达的理念是,数十年来,年轻单身女性一直是开拓者,她们勇于承担风险,不断改变着整个世界。

女性告诉我们,你不必在意别人对你的预期,可以勇担风险。因为有许多志同道合的女性,她们雄心勃勃,富有远见卓识,她们能够看到我们需要的改变。这本书改变了我的心态,让我敢于承担风险。我最终决定竞选国会席位、后来成功当选并且成为国会史上最年轻的黑人女性,都是一次冒险的结果。

这本书对我有重要的意义,我想把它推荐给大家,尤其是年轻女性,她们或许对当前面临的决策缺乏信心,不知道这些决策会如何影响她们实现梦想的能力。所以,女孩们,别犹豫了!

—— 劳伦·安德伍德,美国伊利诺伊州第14国会选区众议员

医疗篇

以下是本年度医疗领域“全球40位40岁以下商界精英”推荐的精选书目。

《注意力革命:释放专注思维的潜能》(The Attention Revolution: Unlocking the Power of the Focused Mind)

作者:B·艾伦·华莱士

10年前,我从我原来的上司那儿拿到了这本书。他是个佛教徒,后来还通过他的风投基金投资了我们公司。他给了我这本书后,我去了巴西一家牧牛场生活,一连几个月都与外界没有任何联系。这本书教会了我如何冥想,那个时候,冥想软件Headspace还没有问世,正念禅修也没那么火。

读这本书之前,我觉得冥想什么都是骗人的,全是一派胡言。不过,因为一直在牧牛场闲着没事做,我开始练习书里介绍的技巧,而且居然发现我有了进步。每天我都能比前一天多集中一点注意力,思绪也变得更加平静了。从那以后,我就经常冥想。冥想帮助我在公司度过了相当艰难的时期。在我看来,成功就是要经受住危机的考验,这也意味着冷静的头脑是你强大的盟友。

——Vitalk Health公司创始人兼首席执行官迈克尔·卡佩斯

《自我管理》(Managing Oneself)

作者:彼得·德鲁克

我们最珍贵的东西就是自己的时间。这篇小文章能让你集中精力了解自己最擅长的领域,并按照轻重缓急妥善安排时间。我每隔几年都会重温一下这篇文章。

——Maven Clinic公司创始人兼首席执行官凯特·赖德

《专家的政治判断:有多准?我们怎么才能知道?》(Expert Political Judgment: How Good Is It? How Can We Know? )

作者:菲利普·E·泰特洛克

对我职业生涯帮助最大的书是关于狐狸和刺猬的。在《专家的政治判断》这本书里,菲利普·泰特洛克让我找到了走上创业之路所需的力量。泰特洛克在书中证明,“刺猬”的专业知识(偏重理论且主题单一)难以用来预测未来,而“狐狸”的专业知识(源于不同领域的经验教训)更胜一筹。

我以前一直觉得自己没有能力领导一家公司对未来产生影响,因为我没有攻读博士学位,而是有着“像狐狸一样的”职业轨迹。而这本书让我明白了不一样的道理。

——Healthy.io创始人兼首席执行官约纳坦·阿迪瑞

《越过一山,又是一山》(Mountains Beyond Mountains)

作者:特雷西·基德

激励我从事医疗保健工作的是《越过一山,又是一山》这本书。保罗·法默医生从哈佛大学到前往海地和秘鲁抗击疟疾的旅程,让我看到了什么才是影响力驱动的创新。它促使我超越学位和荣誉,超越语言,甚至超越行动,去关注那些可以不断扩大的影响。

——Cala Health公司创始人兼首席科学官凯特·罗森布卢特

《关键责任:如何把人际关系危机转化为合作共赢》(Crucial Accountability: Tools for Resolving Violated Expectations, Broken Commitments, and Bad Behavior)

作者:克里·帕特森、约瑟夫·格伦尼、大卫·马克斯菲尔德、罗恩·麦克米伦和阿尔·斯威茨勒

我很喜欢《关键责任》这本书,它主要介绍了我们应该怎样与人进行艰难的谈话。

在公司内部,我们的首要原则是“保持高度透明,但是得和和气气的”。这非常困难,但如果你能做到这一点,并教会其他人也这么做,那你就能获得巨大的回报。随着公司规模不断壮大,一些新人很有才华,但过去14年里他们并没有和我一起经历这一切。所以为了建立一支坚不可摧的团队,我不得不学会和新同事进行坦诚的交流。从某些方面来说,这是创建公司最艰难的一步。

《关键责任》帮助我学会了应对这些艰难的对话,让我在不影响公司发展的情况下与人建立联系、处理问题和障碍。这些原则不仅影响了我们内部的运作方式,而且渗透进了我们改变用户行为的核心产品。因为不论是打造一款产品、凝聚一支团队,还是说服你的另一半支持你尝试新的保健或健身产品,开诚布公的对话是构建这一切的基础。

——Noom公司联合创始人兼总裁阿尔乔姆·佩塔科夫

《期待胜利:10条行之有效的职场成功策略》(Expect to Win: 10 Proven Strategies for Thriving in the Workplace)

作者:卡拉·A·哈里斯

卡拉·A·哈里斯的《期待胜利》不断激励着我,推动我实现职业目标。我发现无论自己身处哪种职场环境,这些明确的建议都能适用。当我在不同角色间切换时,我经常会在这本书里寻求答案。最重要的是,光是书的标题就让我对自己扮演的每个角色有了全新的想法和应对方式。

——Time’s Up基金会副总裁、Time’s Up医疗保健部负责人劳伦·R·鲍威尔

《塞莱斯廷预言》(The Celestine Prophecy)

作者:詹姆斯·雷德菲尔德

我很喜欢《塞莱斯廷预言》,这是我在20年前读过的一本书。书中的论点很简单:无论你对某个人的了解有多深,你们每一次互动背后都有它的原因和目的。

我在工作中一直要和人打交道。对我个人而言,推动我不断前进的一件事就是,地球上一共有70亿人口,我想知道为什么我偏偏遇到了这个人?书中深入探讨了这一问题,并讨论了这种巧遇的力量。无论是深层次的联系,还是仅此一次的对话,它都让我认识到了我遇到的每一个人的重要性。

——Maverick Ventures公司常务董事安巴尔·巴塔查里亚

《鞋狗:耐克创始人回忆录》(Shoe Dog: A Memoir by the Creator of Nike)

作者:菲尔·奈特

我真的很喜欢菲尔·奈特的《鞋狗》这本书。在很多方面,我希望建立一家像耐克一样在全球留下足迹的知名企业和品牌。我很欣赏奈特写的许多耐克创立初期的故事,关于他让业务起步有多么艰苦。显然他对耐克早期的那些鞋子极其狂热,每个细节对他来说都很重要,这一点我很喜欢。

——Whoop公司创始人兼首席执行官威尔·艾哈迈德

媒体和娱乐业篇

以下是本年度媒体和娱乐行业“全球40位40岁以下商界精英”推荐的精选书目。

《前世今生:生命轮回的前世疗法》(Many Lives, Many Masters: The True Story of a Prominent Psychiatrist, His Young Patient, and the Past-Life Therapy That Changed Both Their Lives)

作者:布莱恩·魏斯

在我的职业生涯和生活中,我读过很多有用的书,听过很多有用的播客,很难说哪本书是对我最有帮助的。但我最近读了布莱恩·魏斯的《前世今生:生命轮回的前世疗法》,这是一本非常有趣的书,它让我们跳出生命的局限来思考我们的人生,并且让我们明白,我们都需要继续学习的旅程。

——SB Projects & Ithaca Holdings LLC公司创始人、董事长斯古特·布劳恩

《如何说话孩子才会听,如何倾听孩子才肯说》(How to Talk So Kids Will Listen & Listen So Kids Will Talk)

作者:阿黛尔·费伯,伊莲·玛兹丽施

你可能会觉得很好笑,不过这本书确实大大提高了我作为一个领导者和做人的水平。我是英裔美国作家、励志演说家西蒙·斯涅克的粉丝,他在YouTube上有很多关于领导力和灵感的精彩视频。有一次他在演讲中推荐了阿黛尔·费伯和伊莲·玛兹丽施的《如何说话孩子才会听,如何倾听孩子才肯说》。它使我学会了如何更好地管理来自不同国家、文化、背景,以及具有不同性格和专业能力的人

——莱恩·怀亚特,YouTube游戏、商务、品牌与沉浸式体验负责人

《一辈子的旅程:当了十五年迪士尼公司CEO的经验教训》(The Ride of a Lifetime: Lessons Learned From 15 Years as CEO of the Walt Disney Company)

作者:罗伯特·艾格

我很喜欢看我崇拜的企业家的回忆录或者传记。透过他们的视角看他们经历的机遇、挑战和决策,会开拓我的视野,帮助我在自己的职业生涯中把握好各个重要的机遇和转折。我最喜欢的一本书是菲尔·奈特的《鞋狗》,最近我又看完了罗伯特·艾格的《一辈子的旅程》。

——纳赞宁·阿丽塔哈,Riot Games公司全球电竞合作与业务发展负责人

《永远别一个人吃饭:一次搞定一个关系》(Never Eat Alone: And Other Secrets to Success, One Relationship at a Time)

作者:基思·费拉齐

尽管这本书已经出版十多年了,但它在建立商业关系上的深度却历久弥新。它教会了我,永远不要试图“建立关系网”,而是要建立实实在在的关系。如果我们没有与那些签约教师建立坚实可靠的关系,将科技和娱乐这两个泾渭分明的行业联系起来,就没有今天的Masterclass。

——大卫·罗吉尔,MasterClass公司联合创始人、CEO。

另外也不要错过以下几本书

《纽约》杂志(属于福克斯媒体旗下)高级制作人埃丽卡·安德森推荐的《重塑幸福:如何活成你想要的模样》(The Subtle Art of Not Giving a F*ck: A Counterintuitive Approach to Living a Good Life)(作者:马克·曼森),和《民主的看门狗?华盛顿新闻界的没落,以及它为何辜负了民众》(Watchdogs of Democracy?: The Waning Washington Press Corps and How It Has Failed the Public)(作者:海伦·托马斯)

健身应用Peloton的首席教练、副总裁罗宾·阿尔森推荐的:《障碍就是道路:将考验变成胜利的永恒艺术》(The Obstacle Is the Way: The Timeless Art of Turning Trials Into Triumph),作者:莱恩·霍利迪

Partcase公司(属于Spotify旗下)董事总经理麦克斯·卡特勒推荐的《精益创业》(The Lean Startup),作者:埃里克·莱斯。

Netflix公司原创剧集总监卡罗莱娜·加西亚推荐的《爱的回归》(A Return to Love: Reflections on the Principles of a Course in Miracles)(作者:玛丽莲·威廉姆森),和《引爆点》(The Tipping Point)(作者:马尔科姆·格拉德威尔)。

The 19th公司创始人、CEO艾米丽·拉姆肖推荐的《彻底坦率:做一个厉害的老板,但又不失去你的人性》(Radical Candor: Be a Kick-Ass Boss Without Losing Your Humanity),作者:吉姆·斯科特(财富中文网)

译者:夏林,张翯,殷圆圆,智竑,刘进龙,朴成奎

审校:汪皓

编辑:徐晓彤

今年上榜《财富》“40位40岁以下商业精英榜单”的年轻商界领袖们,为我们提供了他们的私藏书单,这些书对他们的职业生涯产生了决定性影响。

用阅读来结束这次长假,或许是个不错的选择。

金融篇

以下是今年40位40岁以下金融精英推荐的书。

《一发致胜》(Serve to Win)

作者:诺瓦克•德约科维奇

诺瓦克·德约科维奇的《一发致胜》中提到,要想赢得比赛和保持领先,就需要纪律、干劲和牺牲,这一点我很有共鸣。

体育界的奉献精神和斗志与商业界如此相似,我深受触动。我认为能在商业上取得巨大成功的人是“企业中运动员”。坚持、精神力量和永不放弃的意志是必备素质。

——阿克谢·纳赫塔,软银集团高级投资副总裁

《动荡时代的领导力》(Leadership in Turbulent Times)

作者:多丽丝·卡恩斯·古德温

我认为,优秀的书籍总是能在恰当时机提供启发,并且内容也很丰富。

去年1月,我读了多丽丝·卡恩斯·古德温有关四位美国总统的生活和挑战的书。我是个历史迷。她介绍了每位总统所面临挑战的相似之处,以及克服挑战时相似的性格特征和价值观。

在新冠疫情席卷世界和各行各业之际,我们格外需要了解领导者的基本原则、在困难中做正确事情的坚持,以及对大众的责任心。过去六个月里,我经常回想起书中的内容。

——尼尔·巴尔·迪恩 桥水基金投资引擎联合负责人

《清单革命 : 如何持续、正确、安全地把事情做好》(The Checklist Manifesto: How to Get Things Right)

作者:阿图·葛文德

当我做第一份工作时,当时的经理将这本书推荐给新入职分析师。

我发现这本书是将梦想分解为目标,再将目标分解为任务,然后跟踪任务完成情况,方法简单有效。虽然解决方案看似技术含量很低,但只要坚持并形成习惯,就能保持工作和生活中所有事井井有条,大大降低犯错、延期、重蹈覆辙或迷茫不知前路的可能性。

阅读这本书后我才明白,再复杂的过程也是由一系列简单步骤组成的,书中的方法大大提升了效率。最棒的一点在于,它告诉我们不必执着于不可能的事,比如提升智商或者改变个性,这些其实并没那么重要。书中的方法针对的是那种任何人只要下定决心都可做到的事,将它们直接转变为每天都能完成的任务。

——比尔·庞,千禧管理投资组合经理

《开头90天,更新和扩展》:快速聪明提速的成熟战略(The First 90 Days, Updated and Expanded: Proven Strategies for Getting Up to Speed Faster and Smarter)

作者:迈克尔·D·沃特金斯

迈克尔·D·沃特金斯的《开头90天》一直伴随着我职业生涯进步。

书中提醒人们在加入新公司或承担新角色时,倾听和学习的重要性。如果是新手,解决方案可能看起来很简单,但我喜欢在实现快速和长期的成功之前,先了解公司的历史和逻辑。

这本书为过渡期管理提供了实用框架。每当我在生活中遇到转变,哪怕是在同一家公司内的调整,都会参考书中的建议。我觉得帮助很大,所以给公司里每位经理都发了一本。

——凯娅·科尔,美国万通数字体验负责人

《穷人的理财经》(Portfolios of the Poor: How the World’s Poor Live on $2 a Day)

作者: 达瑞尔•柯林斯、乔纳森•默多克、斯图尔特•拉瑟福德和奥兰达•鲁思文

我在刚工作不久时,阅读了《穷人的理财经》(对孟加拉国、印度和南非数百个家庭的理财研究),读完后,观念产生了彻底的改变。

书中解释了一家之主在面临收入微薄,且现金流有限时,如何利用资金。本书清晰阐明了Tala的精神基础:一些贫穷人士在积极生活,并细致规划理财,却无法纳入当前的金融体系。只要帮他们灵活获取流动性,提供正确的理财工具,他们就能在社区层面实现脱贫,促进全球经济增长。

——希瓦尼·希罗亚 Tala创始人兼首席执行官

《聘谁:用A 级招聘法找到最合适的人》(Who: Solve Your #1 Problem)

作者:杰夫·斯玛特、兰迪·斯特里特

我刚步入职场就意识到,企业无论大小都是员工的总和。雇佣合适的团队成员最为重要。

我职业早期经历过一次混乱的招聘,差点掉入陷阱,阅读这本关于面试最佳实践的书帮我实现了重大转变。如今,我跟价值观和使命一致的优秀团队合作,对此心中充满感激,团队的价值观和使命是为全国各地各类企业家提供投资,他们都在重塑未来,努力实现看似不可能的事。

——安娜·梅森 Revolution’s Rise of the Rest Seed Fund合伙人

《第三波浪潮:企业家对未来的展望》(The Third Wave: An Entrepreneur’s Vision of the Future)

作者:史蒂夫·凯斯

本书主要介绍了互联网“第三波浪潮”的过程,以及为何说现在的科技企业家在推动未来世代与技术互动的变革。此外,作者还谈到了“其他地区崛起”现象,即风险资本转移到并非传统科技中心的城市。在“其他地区革命性崛起探访之旅”中,凯斯还亲自拜访了位于奥兰多的创业公司Fattmerchant办公室。

探访期间他分享了一些数据,我很有共鸣,职业生涯也就此定下新目标。

数据显示75%的风险投资流向了加州、纽约和马萨诸塞州,只有1%的资本流向了少数族裔女性创始人的公司。身为支付技术公司的女性创始人,我面临着各种挑战,但看到具体数据时还是吓了一跳。

我之所以能成功,主要靠策略、身边非常棒的团队,还有坚持不懈的努力。但已然还有很多女性面临斗争。我的使命是协助其他女性创立成功的企业,改变只有不到2%的女性创业者实现100万美元收入的现状。

——苏尼拉·玛蒂哈尼 Fattmerchant创始人兼首席执行官

《视觉解释:图像和数量,证据和叙述》(Visual Explanations: Images and Quantities, Evidence and Narrative)

作者:爱德华·R·塔夫特

我第一次读到这本书是在普林斯顿大学,从那时起,我一直在将书中内容付诸实践。无论是计划图纸还是公司投资者演示文稿的草稿,简单明确的信息可视化呈现肯定比复杂的陈述直观得多。

——凯尔·科克伦 摩根士丹利技术投资银行业务执行董事

《团队协作的五大障碍》(The Five Dysfunctions of a Team: A Leadership Fable)

作者:帕特里克·兰西奥尼

书中解决了一些可能降低团队效率的障碍,哪怕团队里都是高端人才,哪怕团队已然灵感不断。我特别喜欢本书的原因是,书中没有“雇用最优秀人才”之类乱七八糟的建议。所有人都知道要找优秀人才,问题是怎样才能招来最优秀的人?书中内容很具体,也很有帮助。

——塞巴斯蒂安·斯米雅科夫斯基 Klarna联合创始人兼首席执行官

《新新事物:硅谷故事》(The New New Thing: A Silicon Valley Story)

作者:迈克尔·刘易斯

我第一次读这本书还是十多年前,当时我还没进恩颐投资工作,巧合的是最近我重读了一遍。尽管我在湾区上的大学,对硅谷的历史和知识却知之甚少。

我第一次读到这本书,感觉写得太夸张,但能从中了解创新经济背后的驱动力,以及打造颠覆性初创企业所需的团队建设。当时我还没有意识到这一点,不过这本书是非常好的入门读物,让人意识到风投的关键在于创始人,他们是英雄。

另外有帮助的一点是,书中提到了几位后来我有幸共事的恩颐投资合作人!现在我已在风投行业工作了十几年,重读这本书时才发现,书中的介绍一点也不夸张。

——瑞克·杨 恩颐投资普通合伙人

《心态:全新成功心理学》(Mindset: The New Psychology of Success)

作者:卡罗尔·S·德维克

这本书改变了我对商业和生活中潜力和增长的看法。书中展示了为什么要意识到存在两种心态——固定型心态和成长型心态,以及采取成长型心态的重要性。

我准备商学院入学的GMATs考试时,有亲身经历。

第一次考试时,我根本没练习。不出所料,我失败了。幸运的是,丈夫指出我主要采取了固定心态,应该做些调整。我的数学和应试能力都不差,只是不够努力。

经过努力,第二次考试结果好得多。同样,第一次担任首席执行官时我也经常要面对全新情况。采取成长心态后,我深刻明白遇到新情况或者不舒服的事并非坏事,而是学习和成长的好机会。

——卡梅伦·皮克 Azlo联合创始人兼首席执行官

卡罗尔·德威克博士的《心态》是我职业生涯中受益最大的一本。书中强调没有什么一成不变,智力可以变,能力可以变,技能也一样。任何事物都可以随着时间的推移而成长和发展。

《心态》提醒我,如果做某些事情变得容易,就代表我能通过努力和奉献完成和学习任何事。这本书让我有信心迎接新的挑战和不可预见的机遇,也塑造了我的职业观。

——戴安娜·阿维拉 TransferWise银行业务和扩张全球负责人

《僧侣与谜语::一位硅谷企业家的创业智慧》(The Monk and the Riddle: The Art of Creating a Life While Making a Living)

作者:兰迪·科米萨

《僧侣与谜语》对我影响很大,作者是我在斯坦福大学的教授兰迪·科米萨。

书中内容主要是关于生活,也有探讨追求人生目标的话题。书中观点是世上并非只有一条路,关键在于旅程本身。作者鼓励读者多问“为什么”,挑战自己做某件事的动机。他提出了延长规划的概念,即有时人们认为现在做的某件事可能不好,但也许能帮助未来做想做的事。但这种心态容易随着时间推移不断重复,意味着永远无法过上想要的生活。

我读这本书时非常注重目标导向,所以书中的观点我很多年后才接受,最终变为我生活方式的一部分。

——乔希·里维斯 联合创始人兼首席执行官

《从“为什么”开始——乔布斯让Apple红遍世界的黄金圈法则》 (Start With Why: How Great Leaders Inspire Everyone to Take Action)

作者:西蒙·斯涅克

《从“为什么”开始》一书阐述了优秀领导者的思考方式往往相似,并能付诸实施,非常有影响力,也很鼓舞人心。我发现这种管理和领导方法可以带来非常大的帮助。

——克里斯·格罗斯 摩根大通技术投资银行业务董事总经理兼首席运营官

《枪炮、病菌与钢铁 : 人类社会的命运》(Guns, Germs, and Steel: The Fates of Human Societies)

作者:贾雷德·戴蒙德

本书着重探讨了为什么有些国家富裕而另一些国家贫穷。我刚工作时曾在加纳、南非和印度生活和工作,戴蒙德教授对相关问题的历史观点,对我思考很多受历史限制的国家如何实现经济转型有着深刻影响。

——莎拉·坎农 Index Ventures合伙人

《疯狂出击:如何培育赢得战争、治愈疾病、改变企业的疯狂想法》(Loonshots: How to Nurture the Crazy Ideas That Win Wars, Cure Diseases, and Transform Industries)

作者:萨菲·巴赫尔

最近读了萨菲·巴赫尔的《疯狂出击》,我很有共鸣。

巴赫尔在书中将诸如固态变液态的过程与现实世界中企业转变市场的实例相比较,最近我开拓新市场,发现他的观点与金融市场创新关系密切。现有企业要同时经历多个发展阶段,既要保护盈利的业务线,又要颠覆相关业务线确保未来顺利壮大。

——艾米·洪 高盛集团全球市场部董事总经理兼市场结构战略主管

科技篇

以下是本年度40位40岁以下科技界精英人士的推荐书目。

《非暴力沟通》(Nonviolent Communication: A Language of Life)

作者:马歇尔·卢森堡

你是否曾第二次(甚至第三次)阅读同一本书,却依旧能从中取得新收获?你是否曾听过一场还算不错的演讲,但由于你的脑海中充满了各种新创意,所以整场经历变成了那一天中最精彩的体验?我认为,这本书之所以会被评价为“最好的”书籍,固然有其自身内容的原因,但读者的心理背景也同样重要。因此,我期待着在今晚重温《非暴力沟通》。

虽然我很反感使用“最”来形容事物,但我认为,沟通是最困难、最重要也是最普遍的活动之一。我的大部分日常活动就是在与人沟通——沟通的对象可能是供应商、特定的同事群体、某个代码库的用户,抑或是未来的我自己。

作为一名工程师兼研究人员,我能否在重大挑战中取得进展取决于大量的团队合作。因此,我每天都在见证昨天的沟通质量会怎样不断影响着今天的生产力。这种影响力一般是由内容驱动的,但现实地说,它更多的是由情感驱动的。

《非暴力沟通》这本书深入地审视了沟通的情感特性,同时认真地思考了如何在富有成效的真诚沟通中接受其情感特质。就我个人而言,我通过这本书学到的技巧体现在说话和倾听上,而且还能在重读时取得更多的收获。

——谷歌研究院高级研究科学家、量子电子工程师(谷歌硬件部门AI量子团队)玛丽莎·朱斯蒂娜

《网:阿加西自传》(Open)

作者:安德烈·阿加西

我特别喜欢安德烈·阿加西的《网:阿加西自传》。这本书里有许多关于如何取得成功以及自我提升等方面的精彩论点。那些关于努力工作、不断学习以及成就伟大事业所需承受的压力等方面的内容特别具有启发性。

遇到困难时,我会想起他在书中写下的一句话:“将眼前的危机当作针对下一次危机的演习。”书中还有一条很有意思的线索,就是当你在试着了解自我的时候也会遭到误解。我觉得我们所有人都曾在个人生活或工作中有过类似的体验。最困难的挑战往往来自人际关系,或者与自己的斗争中。

——Postmates首席财务官克里斯汀·希弗

《活出生命的意义》(Man’s Search for Meaning)

作者:维克多·E·弗兰克尔

在我的职业生涯中,我总会反复参考个别的几本书,其中有两本尤为重要。一本是由几位知名职业指导专家联合撰写的《意识领袖的15项承诺》。这本书的内容基本上围绕一个主要原则——在生活中要注意像真正的成年人那样行事,才能有效减少各种不必要的麻烦。

另一本是由犹太人大屠杀幸存者、精神病学家维克多·弗兰克尔撰写的《活出生命的意义》。这本书教会了我很多东西,比如怎样在困境中心存感激,并表达出自己的感激,也使得在真正经历困境时表达感恩变得更加容易。

通过换一种角度来看待挑战,我发现自己可以从每一次挑战中学到很重要的东西。当我把这一点应用到我的工作中时,我很感恩能够拥有一份对我周围的人甚至其他人来说都很重要、很有价值的工作。我可以很自豪地说,我每天所做的工作都会让我觉得很有成就感,即便身处困境或面临新挑战的时候也是如此。

——Reddit联合创始人兼首席执行官史蒂夫·霍夫曼

《思考,快与慢》(Thinking, Fast and Slow)

作者:丹尼尔·卡尼曼

没有一本书能够在多年间始终对我有着很深远的影响,但丹尼尔·卡尼曼的《思考,快与慢》绝对是对我影响最大的五本书之一。这本书让我更清楚地了解到人脑是如何工作的。

另外一本很有意思的书也影响到了我,就是由斯蒂芬·C·伦丁、约翰·克里斯坦森和哈里·保罗联合创作的《鱼,一种激发工作热情的绝妙方法》。通过这本书,我意识到我们每天都可以选择自己的态度。所以我们可以选择每天都用积极的态度去工作和生活。

——SAP公司执行董事兼首席技术官于尔根·穆勒

我最常会想起的书是丹尼尔·卡尼曼的《思考,快与慢》。这本书探讨了大脑是如何处理不同种类信息的问题,同时揭示了我们每天思考的内容和做出的决策背后隐藏的偏见和结构。

——Squarespace创始人兼首席执行官安东尼·卡萨莱娜

《Synchronicity: The Inner Path of Leadership》

作者:乔塞夫·乔沃斯基

《Synchronicity: The Inner Path of Leadership》是我在16岁时读到的第一本管理科学类书籍。它对我解决问题的方式,以及雇佣领导力思维的形成产生了深远影响。

一直以来,我都会尽力对结果作出预设,并通过倾听、学习和优化方案的手段吸引人才。具体的策略并不重要,这是个需要多样视角的学习过程,等待着我的要么成功,要么就是迅速的失败。

——英特尔云业务战略和平台服务高级总监丽贝卡·伊丽莎白·利彭·威克利

《沃顿商学院最受欢迎的思维课》(Give and Take: Why Helping Others Drives Our Success by Adam Grant)

作者:亚当·格兰特

我很欣赏组织心理学家亚当·格兰特所进行的研究。他在这部著作中指出,营造一种推崇团队合作而非个人奋战的环境能带来更大的成功。合作文化能让那些“给予者”,即为了解决问题燃烧自我,且不求回报的人茁壮成长。一般来说,团队中表现最好的都是给予者。

——Flexport旗下Flexport.org主管苏西·肖恩伯格

《Simple Habits for Complex Times》

作者:珍妮弗·加维·贝格与基思·约翰斯顿

《Simple Habits for Complex Times》是我的最爱之一。我读过的许多书都着重于战术性地对各种职业挑战的解决方案作出定义。而这本书不一样,它强调的是通过重构问题,另辟蹊径解决麻烦的方法。疫情当前,对于如今的我来说,这本书尤为重要。

——谷歌工程副总裁伊丽莎白·里德

《沙乡年鉴》(A Sand County Almanac)

作者:奥尔多·利奥波德

我在威斯康星州北部长大,这是我父亲朗读给我听的第一本“真正的书”。后来,我有幸被威斯康星大学麦迪逊分校录取,就读于野生动物生态学专业(由奥尔多·利奥波德设立)。利奥波德在其职业生涯中的实践历程给我留下了深刻的印象。

在《沙乡年鉴》之前,他还写了《狩猎管理》一书,阐述了通过狩猎控制野生动物数量的数学和统计学原理。利奥波德有着强烈的好奇心,他从不惧怕在获得新知识后改变自己的想法。大学毕业时,我收到的礼物是一本分校各教职人员都签过名的书。我把它放在了我的办公桌上,既是为了阅读,也是为了提醒自己,自然界惊人地复杂、美丽且有必要保存下去。

——微软首席环境官卢卡斯·乔帕博士

《我知道笼中鸟为何歌唱》(I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings)

作者:玛雅·安吉罗

在我的记忆深处,有一本曾深深打动过我的书,就是我在高中时读的《我知道笼中鸟为何歌唱》,作者是玛雅·安吉罗。那是我第一次读安吉罗博士的书,并且,我还清楚地记得当时所体会到的丰富情感。

我透过这本书看到并感受到了许多,而在那之前,我从未想过一本书能带来这样的体验。它向我展示了文字对人的影响力——让人哭,让人笑,让人以全新的方式认识这个世界。我在职业生涯中一直铭记于心。我是否能出一份力,创造出能让人们去感受,或是去以全新方式认识这个世界的文字?

——Snap Inc.旗下Snap Originals主管凡妮莎·格思里

《牧羊少年奇幻之旅》(The Alchemist)

作者:保罗·科埃略

使我产生共鸣的不是什么自助书籍或纪实文学,而是保罗·科埃略撰写的《牧羊少年奇幻之旅》。主人公圣地亚哥的旅程告诉我们,职业生涯其实就是一场旅行,不必争分夺秒地从A点赶到B点。你的职业与你的生活息息相关,虽然充满了曲折,但只要热爱、坚持不懈地追求、不害怕风险和失败,你就能抵达想去的任何地方。享受这段旅程吧。

我自己的旅程就充满了曲折。从为Prime会员提供金融服务,到加入Amazon in the Community团队为回馈社区服务,我从先前的岗位和公司中学到了很多。我把自己的经验都运用到了如今的工作上,思索着该如何利用好亚马逊的资源——产品、物流、技术——去帮助那些贫穷、饥饿、无家可归、被天灾侵扰的社区和家庭。

——亚马逊首席产品经理陈庄芊

《设立守望者》(Go Set a Watchman)

作者:哈珀·李

珍·路易丝·芬奇的旅程与我自己的职业经历产生了深刻的共鸣。我觉得,这是我读过的最真实的成长故事之一。在不迷失自我的情况下,即便不喜欢,却依然能学会一些可能从根本上改变自己世界观的东西,这真是一项非常强大的技能。这本书让我知道了,相比于我希望的,这个世界到底是什么样子。

——Palantir Technologies广告主管泰德·马布雷

《头号玩家》(Ready Player One)

作者:欧内斯特·克莱因

我喜欢能够激发奇思妙想的书籍和电影。我最喜欢的电影之一(改编自一本书)就是《头号玩家》。受到它的启发,我在脑海中构建出了一间全球性的、多维的、互动化的教室,来自世界各地的人们都可以在一种虚拟化的仿真环境里相互交流和学习。这部电影真的引发了我对未来的想象和希望:学生们不仅应该了解金字塔,还要和来自世界各地的同学们一起,在虚拟世界中亲眼看到金字塔,感受它的存在。

总有一天,这一切都将成为现实。因此,我们通过VIPKid,激发着学生们的奇思妙想,希望他们长大之后能让这样的梦想成真。

——VIPKid总裁米雯娟

《指环王》(The Lord of the Rings)

作者:约翰·罗纳德·瑞尔·托尔金

我认为,对我帮助最大的书籍就是《指环王》。不是因为我从中学到了什么非常重要的知识,而是因为它以一种完美的比喻方式,阐释了隐私对于学生以及其他非技术性人才无比重要的原因。没有了隐私,就可能有人铸造出“指环”,统治全人类,摧毁整个社会。隐私很重要。

——洛桑联邦理工学院(EPFL)助理教授卡梅拉·特隆科索

政治篇

以下是本年度政府和政治领域“40位40岁以下精英”的推荐书单。

《这样说最有效》(How to Say It at Work)

作者:杰克·格里芬

从这本书以及一些优秀的管理培训课程中,我学到了一位领导者适应团队需求的重要性。领导者不仅要管理工作任务,还要管理和关心团队成员。你必须真正考虑到每个人的经历,并认真评价每个人如何理解你所传达的信息。现在我能直观地找到最有效的沟通方式。

但当你刚刚进入管理层的时候,如果你只专注于实现结果、执行任务和达到目标,你很容易会低估这些方面。我真正发自内心地认识到,了解我的团队而不只是他们的任务能让我的管理更加有效。从那一刻开始,我的领导能力不断提高,这也推动了我的职业发展。

—— 梅丽莎·基尔比,联合国基金会,Girl Up执行董事

《我的孤单,我的自我:单身女性的时代》(All the Single Ladies)

作者:丽贝卡·特雷斯特

丽贝卡·特雷斯特的《我的孤单,我的自我:单身女性的时代》这本书,对我成年后的生活的影响最为深远。

我第一次读到这本书是在一次坐飞机长途旅行的途中。当时我即将过30岁生日。这本书对我非常有价值。书中传达的理念是,数十年来,年轻单身女性一直是开拓者,她们勇于承担风险,不断改变着整个世界。

女性告诉我们,你不必在意别人对你的预期,可以勇担风险。因为有许多志同道合的女性,她们雄心勃勃,富有远见卓识,她们能够看到我们需要的改变。这本书改变了我的心态,让我敢于承担风险。我最终决定竞选国会席位、后来成功当选并且成为国会史上最年轻的黑人女性,都是一次冒险的结果。

这本书对我有重要的意义,我想把它推荐给大家,尤其是年轻女性,她们或许对当前面临的决策缺乏信心,不知道这些决策会如何影响她们实现梦想的能力。所以,女孩们,别犹豫了!

—— 劳伦·安德伍德,美国伊利诺伊州第14国会选区众议员

医疗篇

以下是本年度医疗领域“全球40位40岁以下商界精英”推荐的精选书目。

《注意力革命:释放专注思维的潜能》(The Attention Revolution: Unlocking the Power of the Focused Mind)

作者:B·艾伦·华莱士

10年前,我从我原来的上司那儿拿到了这本书。他是个佛教徒,后来还通过他的风投基金投资了我们公司。他给了我这本书后,我去了巴西一家牧牛场生活,一连几个月都与外界没有任何联系。这本书教会了我如何冥想,那个时候,冥想软件Headspace还没有问世,正念禅修也没那么火。

读这本书之前,我觉得冥想什么都是骗人的,全是一派胡言。不过,因为一直在牧牛场闲着没事做,我开始练习书里介绍的技巧,而且居然发现我有了进步。每天我都能比前一天多集中一点注意力,思绪也变得更加平静了。从那以后,我就经常冥想。冥想帮助我在公司度过了相当艰难的时期。在我看来,成功就是要经受住危机的考验,这也意味着冷静的头脑是你强大的盟友。

——Vitalk Health公司创始人兼首席执行官迈克尔·卡佩斯

《自我管理》(Managing Oneself)

作者:彼得·德鲁克

我们最珍贵的东西就是自己的时间。这篇小文章能让你集中精力了解自己最擅长的领域,并按照轻重缓急妥善安排时间。我每隔几年都会重温一下这篇文章。

——Maven Clinic公司创始人兼首席执行官凯特·赖德

《专家的政治判断:有多准?我们怎么才能知道?》(Expert Political Judgment: How Good Is It? How Can We Know? )

作者:菲利普·E·泰特洛克

对我职业生涯帮助最大的书是关于狐狸和刺猬的。在《专家的政治判断》这本书里,菲利普·泰特洛克让我找到了走上创业之路所需的力量。泰特洛克在书中证明,“刺猬”的专业知识(偏重理论且主题单一)难以用来预测未来,而“狐狸”的专业知识(源于不同领域的经验教训)更胜一筹。

我以前一直觉得自己没有能力领导一家公司对未来产生影响,因为我没有攻读博士学位,而是有着“像狐狸一样的”职业轨迹。而这本书让我明白了不一样的道理。

——Healthy.io创始人兼首席执行官约纳坦·阿迪瑞

《越过一山,又是一山》(Mountains Beyond Mountains)

作者:特雷西·基德

激励我从事医疗保健工作的是《越过一山,又是一山》这本书。保罗·法默医生从哈佛大学到前往海地和秘鲁抗击疟疾的旅程,让我看到了什么才是影响力驱动的创新。它促使我超越学位和荣誉,超越语言,甚至超越行动,去关注那些可以不断扩大的影响。

——Cala Health公司创始人兼首席科学官凯特·罗森布卢特

《关键责任:如何把人际关系危机转化为合作共赢》(Crucial Accountability: Tools for Resolving Violated Expectations, Broken Commitments, and Bad Behavior)

作者:克里·帕特森、约瑟夫·格伦尼、大卫·马克斯菲尔德、罗恩·麦克米伦和阿尔·斯威茨勒

我很喜欢《关键责任》这本书,它主要介绍了我们应该怎样与人进行艰难的谈话。

在公司内部,我们的首要原则是“保持高度透明,但是得和和气气的”。这非常困难,但如果你能做到这一点,并教会其他人也这么做,那你就能获得巨大的回报。随着公司规模不断壮大,一些新人很有才华,但过去14年里他们并没有和我一起经历这一切。所以为了建立一支坚不可摧的团队,我不得不学会和新同事进行坦诚的交流。从某些方面来说,这是创建公司最艰难的一步。

《关键责任》帮助我学会了应对这些艰难的对话,让我在不影响公司发展的情况下与人建立联系、处理问题和障碍。这些原则不仅影响了我们内部的运作方式,而且渗透进了我们改变用户行为的核心产品。因为不论是打造一款产品、凝聚一支团队,还是说服你的另一半支持你尝试新的保健或健身产品,开诚布公的对话是构建这一切的基础。

——Noom公司联合创始人兼总裁阿尔乔姆·佩塔科夫

《期待胜利:10条行之有效的职场成功策略》(Expect to Win: 10 Proven Strategies for Thriving in the Workplace)

作者:卡拉·A·哈里斯

卡拉·A·哈里斯的《期待胜利》不断激励着我,推动我实现职业目标。我发现无论自己身处哪种职场环境,这些明确的建议都能适用。当我在不同角色间切换时,我经常会在这本书里寻求答案。最重要的是,光是书的标题就让我对自己扮演的每个角色有了全新的想法和应对方式。

——Time’s Up基金会副总裁、Time’s Up医疗保健部负责人劳伦·R·鲍威尔

《塞莱斯廷预言》(The Celestine Prophecy)

作者:詹姆斯·雷德菲尔德

我很喜欢《塞莱斯廷预言》,这是我在20年前读过的一本书。书中的论点很简单:无论你对某个人的了解有多深,你们每一次互动背后都有它的原因和目的。

我在工作中一直要和人打交道。对我个人而言,推动我不断前进的一件事就是,地球上一共有70亿人口,我想知道为什么我偏偏遇到了这个人?书中深入探讨了这一问题,并讨论了这种巧遇的力量。无论是深层次的联系,还是仅此一次的对话,它都让我认识到了我遇到的每一个人的重要性。

——Maverick Ventures公司常务董事安巴尔·巴塔查里亚

《鞋狗:耐克创始人回忆录》(Shoe Dog: A Memoir by the Creator of Nike)

作者:菲尔·奈特

我真的很喜欢菲尔·奈特的《鞋狗》这本书。在很多方面,我希望建立一家像耐克一样在全球留下足迹的知名企业和品牌。我很欣赏奈特写的许多耐克创立初期的故事,关于他让业务起步有多么艰苦。显然他对耐克早期的那些鞋子极其狂热,每个细节对他来说都很重要,这一点我很喜欢。

——Whoop公司创始人兼首席执行官威尔·艾哈迈德

媒体和娱乐业篇

以下是本年度媒体和娱乐行业“全球40位40岁以下商界精英”推荐的精选书目。

《前世今生:生命轮回的前世疗法》(Many Lives, Many Masters: The True Story of a Prominent Psychiatrist, His Young Patient, and the Past-Life Therapy That Changed Both Their Lives)

作者:布莱恩·魏斯

在我的职业生涯和生活中,我读过很多有用的书,听过很多有用的播客,很难说哪本书是对我最有帮助的。但我最近读了布莱恩·魏斯的《前世今生:生命轮回的前世疗法》,这是一本非常有趣的书,它让我们跳出生命的局限来思考我们的人生,并且让我们明白,我们都需要继续学习的旅程。

——SB Projects & Ithaca Holdings LLC公司创始人、董事长斯古特·布劳恩

《如何说话孩子才会听,如何倾听孩子才肯说》(How to Talk So Kids Will Listen & Listen So Kids Will Talk)

作者:阿黛尔·费伯,伊莲·玛兹丽施

你可能会觉得很好笑,不过这本书确实大大提高了我作为一个领导者和做人的水平。我是英裔美国作家、励志演说家西蒙·斯涅克的粉丝,他在YouTube上有很多关于领导力和灵感的精彩视频。有一次他在演讲中推荐了阿黛尔·费伯和伊莲·玛兹丽施的《如何说话孩子才会听,如何倾听孩子才肯说》。它使我学会了如何更好地管理来自不同国家、文化、背景,以及具有不同性格和专业能力的人

——莱恩·怀亚特,YouTube游戏、商务、品牌与沉浸式体验负责人

《一辈子的旅程:当了十五年迪士尼公司CEO的经验教训》(The Ride of a Lifetime: Lessons Learned From 15 Years as CEO of the Walt Disney Company)

作者:罗伯特·艾格

我很喜欢看我崇拜的企业家的回忆录或者传记。透过他们的视角看他们经历的机遇、挑战和决策,会开拓我的视野,帮助我在自己的职业生涯中把握好各个重要的机遇和转折。我最喜欢的一本书是菲尔·奈特的《鞋狗》,最近我又看完了罗伯特·艾格的《一辈子的旅程》。

——纳赞宁·阿丽塔哈,Riot Games公司全球电竞合作与业务发展负责人

《永远别一个人吃饭:一次搞定一个关系》(Never Eat Alone: And Other Secrets to Success, One Relationship at a Time)

作者:基思·费拉齐

尽管这本书已经出版十多年了,但它在建立商业关系上的深度却历久弥新。它教会了我,永远不要试图“建立关系网”,而是要建立实实在在的关系。如果我们没有与那些签约教师建立坚实可靠的关系,将科技和娱乐这两个泾渭分明的行业联系起来,就没有今天的Masterclass。

——大卫·罗吉尔,MasterClass公司联合创始人、CEO。

另外也不要错过以下几本书

《纽约》杂志(属于福克斯媒体旗下)高级制作人埃丽卡·安德森推荐的《重塑幸福:如何活成你想要的模样》(The Subtle Art of Not Giving a F*ck: A Counterintuitive Approach to Living a Good Life)(作者:马克·曼森),和《民主的看门狗?华盛顿新闻界的没落,以及它为何辜负了民众》(Watchdogs of Democracy?: The Waning Washington Press Corps and How It Has Failed the Public)(作者:海伦·托马斯)

健身应用Peloton的首席教练、副总裁罗宾·阿尔森推荐的:《障碍就是道路:将考验变成胜利的永恒艺术》(The Obstacle Is the Way: The Timeless Art of Turning Trials Into Triumph),作者:莱恩·霍利迪

Partcase公司(属于Spotify旗下)董事总经理麦克斯·卡特勒推荐的《精益创业》(The Lean Startup),作者:埃里克·莱斯。

Netflix公司原创剧集总监卡罗莱娜·加西亚推荐的《爱的回归》(A Return to Love: Reflections on the Principles of a Course in Miracles)(作者:玛丽莲·威廉姆森),和《引爆点》(The Tipping Point)(作者:马尔科姆·格拉德威尔)。

The 19th公司创始人、CEO艾米丽·拉姆肖推荐的《彻底坦率:做一个厉害的老板,但又不失去你的人性》(Radical Candor: Be a Kick-Ass Boss Without Losing Your Humanity),作者:吉姆·斯科特(财富中文网)

译者:夏林,张翯,殷圆圆,智竑,刘进龙,朴成奎

审校:汪皓

编辑:徐晓彤

Finance

Here is a selection of book recommendations from this year’s 40 Under 40 in finance.

Serve to Win by Novak Djokovic

The discipline, drive, and sacrifices required to win—and to consistently stay at the top—resonated with me in Novak Djokovic’s Serve to Win. I was struck by how analogous dedication and drive in the athletic world is to the business world. I think that people who mightily succeed in business are “corporate athletes.” Persistence, mental strength, and the will to never give up are must-haves. —Akshay Naheta, senior vice president, investments, SoftBank Group

Leadership in Turbulent Times by Doris Kearns Goodwin

To me, great books hit you at the right time with inspiring and enriching content. Last January I read Leadership in Turbulent Times by Doris Kearns Goodwin about the lives and challenges of four U.S. Presidents. (I’m a history geek.) She shows the parallels between the challenges each encountered, and the similar character traits and values it took each President to overcome them. This perspective on the fundamental principles of great leadership—the commitment to doing what’s right, even when it’s hard, and the deep responsibility for people—came just as COVID hit the world and our organization. I’ve been reflecting back on that book a lot over the past six months. —Nir Bar Dea, cohead of the investment engine, Bridgewater Associates

The Checklist Manifesto: How to Get Things Right by Atul Gawande

During my first job, our manager gave it to all the new analysts to read. I found its techniques of breaking dreams into goals, goals into tasks, and tasks tracked to completion extremely simple yet effective. What appears to be a very low-tech solution—when adhered to consistently and habitually—allowed me to keep track of all the threads going on at work and in life and dramatically decreased the likelihood of me dropping the ball, missing the deadline, remaking the same mistakes, or losing sight of where I’m going. It showed me that seemingly complex maneuvers can be nothing more than a sequence of simple steps, and made me that much more effective as a person. The best part: The method doesn’t ask you to accomplish something impossible like increasing your IQ or changing your personality, which may or may not even matter anyway; the method is something anyone could employ if he sets his mind to it, and it directly translates to more accomplishments every day. —Bill Pang, portfolio manager, Millennium Management

The First 90 Days, Updated and Expanded: Proven Strategies for Getting Up to Speed Faster and Smarter by Michael D. Watkins

The First 90 Days by Michael D. Watkins has been an ongoing help in my career. It is a reminder of the importance of listening and learning when joining a new organization or taking on a new role. While solutions may seem obvious when you are new, I like to understand the organizational history and reasoning before identifying quick and longer-term wins. The First 90 Days provides a helpful framework for managing through a transition. I use it as a resource whenever I am making a transition, even within the same organization. I find it so helpful that I give a copy to everyone who becomes a manager in my organization. —Keia Cole, head of digital experience, MassMutual

Portfolios of the Poor: How the World’s Poor Live on $2 a Day by Daryl Collins, Jonathan Morduch, Stuart Rutherford, and Orlanda Ruthven

Portfolios of the Poor—a financial study of hundreds of families living in Bangladesh, India, and South Africa—was a game-changing read for me early in my career. It explained the mental models of money that heads of households must develop to navigate the reality of scarce income and limited cash flows. It clearly laid out the premise that Tala’s ethos builds upon: People who are poor lead thriving, nuanced financial lives that simply aren’t captured by the current financial system. Equipped with flexible access to liquidity and the right set of financial tools, these individuals can transcend poverty and catalyze global economic growth at the community level. —Shivani Siroya, founder and CEO, Tala

Who: Solve Your #1 Problem by Geoff Smart and Randy Street

I learned early in my career that every organization—large or small—is the sum of its people. Hiring the right team members is paramount. After navigating some classic pitfalls in an unstructured hiring process earlier in my career, reading this book about interview best practices was a paradigm shift for me. Today, I am grateful to work alongside an extraordinary team that is aligned in its values and mission to invest in diverse entrepreneurs from all across the country who are reimagining the future and helping to make the seemingly impossible, possible. —Anna Mason, partner, Revolution’s Rise of the Rest Seed Fund

The Third Wave: An Entrepreneur’s Vision of the Future by Steve Case

This book covers how we are in the “third wave” of the Internet and why today’s technology entrepreneurs in particular are driving the transformation of how future generations will interact with technology. Additionally, he addresses the “rise of the rest” phenomenon, which is the idea that venture capital will gravitate toward cities that have not been the traditional tech hubs. Case actually visited Fattmerchant’s Orlando office during Revolution’s Rise of the Rest Road Trip.

During his visit, he shared some statistics that struck a chord and ignited a new goal for my career: 75% of all venture capital goes to California, New York, and Massachusetts, and only 1% of capital goes to companies with minority female founders. I experienced this challenge firsthand as a female founder of a payment technology company, but hearing this number shook me to the core. I was able to defy these odds with a mix of a winning strategy, a great team on my side, and a healthy dose of relentlessness. But so many women face this struggle as well. I’ve made it my mission to help other women grow successful businesses and change the fact that less than 2% of female founders ever hit $1 million in revenue. —Suneera Madhani, founder and CEO, Fattmerchant

Visual Explanations: Images and Quantities, Evidence and Narrative by Edward R. Tufte

I read this book for the first time at Princeton and have implemented its teachings ever since. A simple, concise visual representation of information always helps to communicate information better than a complicated one, whether a drawing of a military plan or a draft of a company’s investor presentation. —Kyle Corcoran, executive director, technology investment banking, Morgan Stanley

The Five Dysfunctions of a Team: A Leadership Fable by Patrick M. Lencioni

It addresses some hurdles that may reduce efficiency in teams, despite being made up of highly talented individuals, and has been a source of inspiration. I especially like it because it is not full of bullshit advice like “hire the best.” Everyone realizes that, but how do you hire the best? This book is really concrete and helpful. —Sebastian Siemiatkowski, cofounder and CEO, Klarna

The New New Thing: A Silicon Valley Story by Michael Lewis

I read The New New Thing by Michael Lewis before I started at NEA over a decade ago, and coincidentally, I reread it recently. Despite coming out to the Bay Area for college, I had very little idea of the history and lore of Silicon Valley. When I first read it, it felt like such hyperbole, but it gave such a fascinating view of the driving force behind the innovation economy, the founders and teams building disruptive startups. I didn’t know it at the time, but it was a great foundation for understanding that venture investing is all about the founders we support; they are the (complicated) heroes. It also helped that the book featured quite a few of my NEA partners that I have had the pleasure of working closely with! Now having been in the venture industry for over a dozen years and rereading the book, I realize that it wasn’t hyperbole at all. —Rick Yang, general partner, New Enterprise Associates

Mindset: The New Psychology of Success by Carol S. Dweck

This book changed how I think about potential and growth—both in business and in life. It demonstrated to me why it is important to recognize that there are two mindsets—fixed and growth—and how important it is to orient around a growth mindset.

I witnessed this firsthand when I was studying for the GMATs to enter business school. On my first attempt, I didn’t practice at all. And unsurprisingly, I bombed the test. Luckily, I had my husband to remind me that I had taken quite the fixed mindset and I needed to work for it. I wasn’t bad at math or test-taking—I simply hadn’t tried. Needless to say, the next round (after much hard work) went much better. Similarly, as a first-time CEO, I often have to flex muscles I’ve never used before. Applying that growth mindset allows me to understand that jumping into something new or uncomfortable is not a bad thing. It is an opportunity to learn and grow. —Cameron Peake, cofounder and CEO, Azlo

The book that has helped me most in my career is Mindset by Dr. Carol Dweck. This book emphasizes that nothing is fixed—not intelligence, not capacity, not skill set. Everything can grow and develop over time. Mindset reminded me that while certain things come easier, I can accomplish and learn anything with hard work and dedication. The book made me confident to take on new challenges and unforeseen opportunities, and has shaped the way I view my career. —Diana Avila, global head of banking and expansion, TransferWise

The Monk and the Riddle: The Art of Creating a Life While Making a Living by Randy Komisar

A book that had a big impact on me was The Monk and the Riddle, written by Randy Komisar, a professor of mine at Stanford. It’s about life and approaching the topic of purpose. The book centers on the idea that there is no single path. It’s about the journey itself. It encourages the reader to ask “why” to challenge their motivations for doing something. He brings up the idea of an extended life plan—the concept that somehow people think we’re going to do something now that might not be good but will enable us to do what we want in the future. But that mindset replicated over time means one never gets to living the life they want. I read the book at a time in my life where I was very goal-oriented, and it gave me perspective that took many years to settle in and become a part of how I live. —Josh Reeves, cofounder and CEO, Gusto

Start With Why: How Great Leaders Inspire Everyone to Take Action by Simon Sinek

Start With Why illustrates how great leaders think alike and go about their approach in ways that are high impact and inspirational. I have found this approach to management and leadership incredibly helpful. —Chris Grose, managing director and COO, technology investment banking, JPMorgan Chase

Guns, Germs, and Steel: The Fates of Human Societies by Jared Diamond

The book explores why some countries are rich and others are poor. During my time living and working in Ghana, South Africa, and India, early in my career, Professor Diamond’s historical perspective on this question influenced a lot of my thinking on how countries might be able to generate economic transformations where there had historically been constraints. —Sarah Cannon, partner, Index Ventures

Loonshots: How to Nurture the Crazy Ideas That Win Wars, Cure Diseases, and Transform Industries by Safi Bahcall

A recent read that really resonated with me is Loonshots by Safi Bahcall. Particularly in my role pioneering new market structures, I find Bahcall’s insights—from comparing phase transitions in science, for example the process of a solid to liquid, to real-world business examples of firms transforming their markets—intriguingly relevant to innovation in the financial markets. Incumbent firms must exist in many phases concurrently, protecting their profitable business lines while also disrupting them to ensure their ability to thrive and grow in the future. —Amy Hong, managing director and head of market structure strategy for the global markets division, Goldman Sachs

Technology

Here is a selection of book recommendations from this year's 40 under 40 in tech.

Nonviolent Communication: A Language of Life: Life-Changing Tools for Healthy Relationships by Marshall B. Rosenberg

Have you ever read the same book a second (or third) time and gotten something very different out of the reread? Or listened to a talk that was only moderately good, but you were in a creative headspace, so the whole experience turned out to be a highlight of your day? I think the book itself is only partially responsible for its being experienced as the “best”; the mental/emotional context of the reader is also critical. So with all that, this evening I’m looking forward to revisiting Nonviolent Communication.

Despite my aversion to superlatives, I consider communication to be one of the most difficult, important, and ubiquitous activities. Whether I’m communicating with a supplier, a specific group of colleagues, any users of a codebase, or my future self, most of my daily activities are dominated by communication. My ability as an engineer and researcher to make progress on truly grand challenges hinges on extensive teamwork. Accordingly, I see on a daily basis how the quality of yesterday’s communication impacts today’s productivity, through lasting effects that can be content-driven but, realistically, are more often emotional. Nonviolent Communication offers a conscientious look at emotional aspects of communication and considers how to embrace them in productive, good-faith exchange. At least for me, insights from the book manifest in speaking as in listening, and develop additional facets upon rereading. —Marissa Giustina, senior research scientist and quantum electronics engineer, Google Research (Google AI Quantum, hardware division)

Open by Andre Agassi

I loved Andre Agassi’s Open. So many good points here, both on achieving success and evolving as a person. Inspiring to read about the hard work, ongoing learning, and level of stress necessary for greatness. When things are tough I think about his line: "Treat this crisis as practice for the next crisis." There’s also an interesting thread in the book about being misunderstood while trying to figure yourself out at the same time. I think this is something we can all relate to, both personally and professionally. Some of the toughest challenges are either interpersonal or struggles with ourselves. —Kristin Schaefer, chief financial officer, Postmates

Man’s Search for Meaning by Viktor E. Frankl

There are several books I’ve found myself referencing throughout my career, but two have stood out the most. The first is The 15 Commitments of Conscious Leadership, written by a handful of notable career coaches. The book essentially revolves around one main principle of eliminating drama from your life by behaving like an adult.

The second book, written by Holocaust survivor and psychiatrist Viktor Frankl, is Man’s Search for Meaning. His book helped me in many different ways including how to be thankful and show gratitude in difficult situations, which makes them easier to manage in real time. By looking at challenges through a different lens, I’ve found that each one has an important takeaway I can learn from. As I apply this to my career, I’m very thankful that I have a job where my work is valued and important to those around me, and beyond. I’m proud to say that the work I do every day is very fulfilling, even when it may be difficult or when I’m faced with new challenges. —Steve Huffman, cofounder and CEO, Reddit

Thinking, Fast and Slow by Daniel Kahneman

I do not have THE book that has been equally important to me throughout all the years. But Thinking, Fast and Slow by Daniel Kahneman is among the top five books. It has helped me to better understand how the human brain works. Another one that has had an impact on me is a fun book called Fish!: A Proven Way to Boost Morale and Improve Results by Stephen C. Lundin, John Christensen, and Harry Paul. It has taught me that we, ourselves, can choose our attitude every day. And we can choose it to be "positive" each and every day. —Juergen Mueller, executive board member and chief technology officer, SAP

The book I most frequently think about is Thinking, Fast and Slow by Daniel Kahneman. It explores how the mind processes different kinds of information and unpacks hidden biases and structures behind how we think and make decisions every day. —Anthony Casalena, founder and CEO, Squarespace

Synchronicity: The Inner Path of Leadership by Joseph Jaworski

Synchronicity: The Inner Path of Leadership was the first book I ever read in the management science genre at the age of 16. I found it deeply formative for how I approach problem solving and partnership with a servant leadership mindset. I always strive to set a clear vision of the end state and try to recruit others to the cause through listening, learning, and evolving the plan. The specific tactics don’t matter; the journey is about learning, which requires different perspectives, and the goal is success or fast failure. —Rebecca Elizabeth Lipon Weekly, senior director of cloud business strategy and platform enabling, Intel

Give and Take: Why Helping Others Drives Our Success by Adam Grant

I appreciate the research of organizational psychologist Adam Grant. In his book Give and Take, he shows that creating an environment that rewards collaboration instead of individual results leads to more success. A collaborative culture allows "givers," or people who contribute to a solution without expecting something in return, to thrive. Often, givers are the highest-performing individuals in an organization. —Susy Schöneberg, head of Flexport.org, Flexport

Simple Habits for Complex Times: Powerful Practices for Leaders by Jennifer Garvey Berger and Keith Johnston

Simple Habits for Complex Times is one of my favorites. Many books I’ve read focus on tactically defining solutions for various types of career challenges. This one is different; it highlights ways to reframe problems altogether to help you find creative solutions. Especially during times of COVID, this book feels especially relevant for me today. —Elizabeth Reid, vice president of engineering, Google

A Sand County Almanac by Aldo Leopold

I grew up in northern Wisconsin, and this was the first "real book" my father read aloud to me. Later I had the opportunity to study Wildlife Ecology in the University of Wisconsin–Madison department that Aldo Leopold himself had founded. I was so impressed with the practical route Leopold took in his career. Before writing A Sand County Almanac, he wrote Game Management on the mathematics and statistics of wildlife population control through hunting. Leopold was relentlessly curious and never afraid to change his mind after learning new facts. My college graduation present was a copy of the book signed by members of the department, and I keep it on my desk at work both to read and to remind myself that the natural world is incredibly complex, and beautiful, and worth saving. —Dr. Lucas Joppa, chief environmental officer, Microsoft

I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings by Maya Angelou

One of my earliest memories of reading a book that moved me deeply was in high school when I read I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings by Maya Angelou. It was the first time I had read one of Dr. Angelou’s books, and I distinctly recall the abundance of emotions I felt. This book made me see and feel in a way that I had not previously thought possible from a book. It showed me how much a piece of content can impact someone’s life—whether to make them cry, laugh, or learn about the world in new ways. And it stuck with me throughout my career. Can I help create content that makes someone feel something, or learn about the world in new ways? —Vanessa Guthrie, head of Snap Originals, Snap Inc.

The Alchemist by Paulo Coelho

This is actually not a self-help or nonfiction book, but the book that resonates for me is The Alchemist by Paulo Coelho. The journey of the main character, Santiago, shows that your career is a journey, and it is not about going as quickly as possible from point A to point B. Your career, heavily tied to your personal life, is filled with twists and turns, but you can get to where you want to go if you are passionate about it, continue to pursue it, and don’t be afraid to take risks and fail. Enjoy the ride as you are going on your journey.

My personal journey has taken me on a circuitous route from financial services to Prime memberships to now the current Amazon in the Community team to give back to the community. I have learned a lot in all my previous roles and companies, and I use it in my current work to think about how I can leverage Amazon’s assets—products, logistics, technology—to support communities and families impacted by poverty, hunger, homelessness, and natural disasters. —Trang-Thien Tran, principal product manager, Amazon

Go Set a Watchman by Harper Lee

Jean Louise Finch’s journey resonated really deeply with my own professional experience, and I thought it was one of the more authentic coming-of-age stories I have ever read. Learning things you really don’t want to learn that may fundamentally alter your worldview without losing yourself is an exceptionally powerful skill. The book has helped me learn more about the world as it actually is versus how I would like it to be. —Ted Mabrey, head of commercial, Palantir Technologies

Ready Player One by Ernest Cline

I love books and movies that inspire big ideas. One of my favorite movies (adapted from a book) is Ready Player One. Part of this inspires my dreams of the global, multidimensional, interactive classroom where you can have a vivid, virtual meta-verse that allows real people from around the world to communicate with and learn from one another. The movie really drives my imagination and hope for the future: Students deserve not just to learn about the pyramids, but to see and experience them in a virtual world together with their classmates from across the globe. One day we’ll see this come true, and it’s through VIPKid that we’re helping to inspire the students who will grow up to make it happen. —Cindy Mi, founder and CEO, VIPKid

The Lord of the Rings by J.R.R. Tolkien

I think the book that has helped me the most is The Lord of the Rings, not because I learned something very important from it, but because it gave me the perfect metaphor to explain why privacy is important to students and other nontechnical experts. Without privacy, we run the danger that someone will build The Ring and destroy society by ruling us all. Privacy is needed. —Carmela Troncoso, assistant professor, École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL)

Government and politics

Here are a selection of book recommendations from this year’s 40 Under 40 in government and politics.

How to Say It at Work by Jack Griffin

What I learned both from the book, and through some great management coaching, is how important it is for a leader to adapt to the needs of their team. It’s not just about managing tasks, it’s about managing and caring about people. You have to truly take people’s experience into account and evaluate how your message is being received. It seems intuitive now—of course that would be the most effective. But, especially when you are new to management, if you’re only focused on getting to the outcome, executing tasks and achieving the goal, these aspects are easy to underestimate. When I truly internalized that understanding my team—not just their tasks—would make us more effective, I became a better leader and that propelled me through my career. —Melissa Kilby, executive director, Girl Up, United Nations Foundation

All the Single Ladies by Rebecca Traister

The book that has had the most meaningful impact on my adult life is All the Single Ladies by Rebecca Traister. I first read this book right before my 30th birthday during a long plane ride. This book was really validating for me. The concept of the book is that young, single women have been trailblazers, taking risks, and changing the world for decades. Women who have shown us that it’s okay to defy expectations and take big risks. Because there is a whole sisterhood of women who are ambitious, visionaries, and who recognize the change that we need to see in the world. After reading this book, I was in a mindset that allowed me to take risks. It was a risk that eventually resulted in my decision to run for Congress, be elected, and become the youngest Black woman ever to serve in Congress. This book is so meaningful to me, and I recommend everyone read it—especially young women who may be unsure of decisions you are facing and how they may impact your ability to reach your dreams. I say, girlfriends, go for it! —Lauren Underwood, U.S. Representative for the 14th Congressional District of Illinois

Health

Here is a selection of book recommendations from this year’s 40 Under 40 in health.

The Attention Revolution: Unlocking the Power of the Focused Mind by B. Alan Wallace

I got it 10 years ago from my former boss, a Buddhist, who later invested in our company via his VC fund. He gave it to me before I went to live on a cattle ranch in Brazil, where I wouldn’t have any connection with the outside world for months. This book taught me how to meditate, back when Headspace didn’t exist and mindfulness wasn’t so sexy. Before reading the book, I thought that meditation was fake and a bunch of gobbledygook. However, with long stretches of nothing to do at the ranch, I began practicing the techniques in the book and actually noticed progress. Every day I could focus just a bit more, and my mind grew calmer. Since then, I’ve been meditating regularly. It got me through some pretty tough times at my company. In my opinion, success is all about weathering crises, which means that a calm mind is such a powerful ally to have. —Michael Kapps, founder and CEO, Vitalk Health

Managing Oneself by Peter Drucker

The most precious thing we have is our own time. This little essay helps focus on self-knowledge in what you’re best at, and how you should prioritize your time. I turn back to it every few years. —Kate Ryder, founder and CEO, Maven Clinic

Expert Political Judgment: How Good Is It? How Can We Know? by Philip E. Tetlock

The best book that has helped me in my career involves foxes and hedgehogs. Philip Tetlock, in his book, Expert Political Judgement, helped me garner the strength required for an entrepreneurial journey. In his book, Tetlock proves that “hedgehog” expertise (academic and single-topic) fails at predicting the future, while “fox” expertise (one that is formed through lessons from different parts of the woods) does better. I always felt I didn’t have the skill set to lead a company in making an impact on the future, because I didn’t pursue a doctorate and instead had a “fox-like” career. The book taught me otherwise. —Yonatan Adiri, founder and CEO, Healthy.io

Mountains Beyond Mountains by Tracy Kidder

The book that inspired me to work in health care was Mountains Beyond Mountains. The story of Dr. Paul Farmer’s journey from Harvard to tackling malaria in Haiti and Peru opened my eyes to impact-driven innovation. It pushed me to look beyond degrees and accolades, beyond words, and even beyond actions, to a singular focus on scalable impact.—Kate Rosenbluth, founder and chief scientific officer, Cala Health

Crucial Accountability: Tools for Resolving Violated Expectations, Broken Commitments, and Bad Behavior by Kerry Patterson, Joseph Grenny, David Maxfield, Ron McMillan, and Al Switzler

I love Crucial Accountability, which is centered around how to have hard conversations with people. Internally, our No. 1 principle is “Be super transparent, but be nice about it.” This is extremely difficult to pull off, but if you can do it—and teach other people to do it—the reward is tremendous. As we’ve grown the company, we have new folks joining who are very talented but who haven’t spent the last 14 years with me, and so I’ve had to learn to have frank conversations with new peers in order to build an unbreakable team. In some ways, this is the hardest part of building the company. Crucial Accountability helped me learn the strategies for tackling these hard conversations in a way that builds relationships and addresses issues and roadblocks, without hindering forward progress. These principles have not only impacted how we work internally, but have permeated our core behavior change product as well. Because open communication is so foundational for building anything—whether building a product, getting a team to gel, or getting your spouse to support you on a new health or fitness journey. —Artem Petakov, cofounder and president, Noom

Expect to Win: 10 Proven Strategies for Thriving in the Workplace by Carla A. Harris

Expect to Win by Carla A. Harris is a book that continues to motivate and drive me toward my career goals. I’ve found the clear-cut advice to be applicable no matter what my work setting may be. I turn to it often as I transition between roles. More than anything, the title alone helps me reframe my thoughts and approach to every role I pursue. —Lauren R. Powell, vice president, head of Time’s Up Healthcare, Time’s Up Foundation

The Celestine Prophecy by James Redfield

I love The Celestine Prophecy, a book I read 20 years ago. Its thesis is simple: There is a reason and purpose behind every interaction you have with a person, no matter how well you know them. In my line of work, I meet people all the time. One of the things that drives me personally is trying to authentically understand the reason for meeting this one person out of the 7 billion people on the planet. The book dives into this and discusses the power of these often serendipitous connections. Whether it’s the deeper connections we have or one-off conversations, it has helped me frame the importance of every person I meet. —Ambar Bhattacharyya, managing director, Maverick Ventures

Shoe Dog: A Memoir by the Creator of Nike by Phil Knight

I really enjoyed the book Shoe Dog by Phil Knight. In many ways I aspire to build a business like Nike with a global footprint and recognizable brand. I appreciated how much Knight wrote about the early days of Nike and what a struggle it was to get the business off the ground. I also loved how he was clearly maniacal about those early shoes and how much every detail mattered to him. —Will Ahmed, founder and CEO, Whoop

Media and entertainment

Curious about what some of the most influential young minds in the media and entertainment industries read for inspiration? Here is a selection of book recommendations from the 40 under 40 in media and entertainment.

Many Lives, Many Masters: The True Story of a Prominent Psychiatrist, His Young Patient, and the Past-Life Therapy That Changed Both Their Lives by Brian L. Weiss

Over my career and life, I’ve read and listened to many different helpful books and podcasts, I couldn’t name just one. One book I recently read was Many Lives, Many Masters by Brian L. Weiss. It’s a very interesting book and allows us to think of our lives in not such a finite way, but rather grasp the idea that we are all here to continue our path of learning. —Scooter Braun, founder and chairman, SB Projects & Ithaca Holdings LLC

How to Talk So Kids Will Listen & Listen So Kids Will Talk by Adele Faber and Elaine Mazlish

You may laugh at this, but it has helped me so much improve as a leader and person. I'm a big fan of Simon Sinek, who is a British-born American author and motivational speaker. He has a lot of fantastic videos on YouTube around leadership and inspiration, and in one of those talks he recommended the book How to Talk So Kids Will Listen & Listen So Kids Will Talk by Adele Faber and Elaine Mazlish. It really allowed me to do a better job as a leader managing people from different countries, cultures, backgrounds, personalities, and expertise. —Ryan Wyatt, head of gaming, commerce, brands, and immersive, YouTube

The Ride of a Lifetime: Lessons Learned From 15 Years as CEO of the Walt Disney Company by Bob Iger

I love reading memoirs and biographies about business leaders I admire. The insights I’ve gained by seeing the challenges, opportunities, and decision-making they’ve experienced through their eyes have helped me navigate various pivot points and opportunities within my own career. One of my favorites is Shoe Dog by Phil Knight, and, most recently, I finished The Ride of a Lifetime by Bob Iger. —Nazanin (Naz) Aletaha, head of global e-sports partnerships and business development, Riot Games

Never Eat Alone: And Other Secrets to Success, One Relationship at a Time by Keith Ferrazzi

While over a decade old, Ferrazzi's book is a timeless approach to the strength of relationships in business. It taught me to never "network," but to build actual authentic relationships. MasterClass wouldn’t exist today without building strong and meaningful relationships from signing instructors to bridging two distinct industries: tech and entertainment. —David Rogier, cofounder and CEO, MasterClass

Also, don’t miss…

Erica Anderson, executive producer, New York Magazine (Vox Media): The Subtle Art of Not Giving a F*ck: A Counterintuitive Approach to Living a Good Life by Mark Manson; Watchdogs of Democracy?: The Waning Washington Press Corps and How It Has Failed the Public by Helen Thomas

Robin Arzón, head instructor and vice president of fitness programming, Peloton: The Obstacle Is the Way: The Timeless Art of Turning Trials Into Triumph by Ryan Holiday

Max Cutler, managing director of Parcast, Spotify: The Lean Startup by Eric Ries

Carolina Garcia, director of original series, Netflix: A Return to Love: Reflections on the Principles of a Course in Miracles by Marianne Williamson; The Tipping Point by Malcolm Gladwell

Emily Ramshaw, cofounder and CEO, the 19th: Radical Candor: Be a Kick-Ass Boss Without Losing Your Humanity by Kim Scott

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