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洛克菲勒生前藏品拍出8.28亿美元,盘点其中十大惊人藏品

彭博社 2018年05月19日

本周它们又重新火了起来,一套栩栩如生的梅森瓷器摆件竟然拍出了2.5万美元的高价,比估价足足高了5倍。

摄影师 :Andrew Lichtenstein图片来源:Corbis/Getty Images

近日,大卫·洛克菲勒的生前藏品在纽约佳士得拍卖,此次拍卖的藏品中不乏毕加索、马蒂斯和高更等大师的作品,总成交价高达数亿美元。除画作外,藏品中还有不少雕塑、古董、银器和高端摆件。自18世纪以来,陶瓷摆件在收藏界就已经不那么受追捧了。但是本周它们又重新火了起来,一套栩栩如生的梅森瓷器摆件竟然拍出了2.5万美元的高价,比估价足足高了5倍。

此次拍卖的一些深色木制家具已经有几十年没出现在设计杂志上了,但在上周三、周四的拍卖会上,竞拍者对它们也是趋之若鹜。一张估价5000美元的三脚桌以13,750美元的价格成交,一张估价6000美元的椅子更是卖出了35,000美元。

小大卫·洛克菲勒在电子邮件中写道,这种具有年代感的装饰品突然火爆,“说明了两件事情。首先,令人感动的是,很多人想以合理的价格,获得‘一部分洛克菲勒家族的记忆’。其次,广大买主开始越来越看重实用物品(如椅子、银器)和纯装饰品的质量。”

不可否认,“洛克菲勒”这四字本身就具有浓厚的吸引力。另外,由佳士得操刀的耗资数百万美元的推广造势,也使买家们早早意识到了此次拍卖藏品的艺术价值不同寻常。

下面,我们就从本周成交的数千件藏品中,选出十件非同寻常的藏品。

价值相当于等量黄金的银桶

这是洛克菲勒1995年在墨西哥购入的一个银制冰桶,它的估价是800到1200美元。但经过疯狂的电话、网络和现场竞拍后,这个冰桶最终以5万美元的高价,落入了坐在拍卖场后排的一个男人手上。

波特作品以创纪录价格拍出

收藏界喜欢欧洲知名艺术家的作品,这是不争的事实。相比之下,美国艺术家的作品往往知名度有限。(比如在曼哈顿的那些巴伐利亚风格的公寓和酒店里,墙上挂的往往是荷兰画家伦勃朗的风景画,而不是缅因州的风景画。)那么,美国艺术家的作品在此次拍卖中表现如何呢?令人高兴的是,在洛克菲勒的藏品中,很多美国艺术家的作品都拍出了高价,包括这幅费尔菲尔德·波特1965年的作品《帆船II》。其估价为100万到150万美元,但最终以193万美元成交,这也刷新了波特作品的拍卖纪录。

洛克菲勒家族两代掌门都用过的桌子

小大卫·洛克菲勒曾说过:“这些藏品中最成功的一件,是一件我母亲曾经经常在上面写信的写字台。”这张桌子于1913年被小约翰·洛克菲勒(大卫的父亲)购入,然后一直在纽约的洛克菲勒庄园被使用到1960年。也就是说,洛克菲勒家族的几代人都用过这张桌子,这也是令好几个买家趋之若鹜的原因之一。这张桌子的估价是8000到12000美元,最终以36.05万美元的高价成交。

史上最贵野餐餐具

该藏品是摩洛哥国王哈桑二世1986年赠予大卫·洛克菲勒的礼物。篮子由柳条编成,内有一整套爱丝普雷(Asprey)的野餐餐具,配套的红宝石玻璃杯上还刻了国王的名字。银制糖罐等银器则来自法国银器商克里斯托夫勒(Christofle),此外还有用红色皮革包着的一整套12件的银制刀叉(包含正餐叉、点心叉、冷肉叉等)。这套餐具估价1万美元,最终以21.25万美元成交。

一只比房子还贵的鸭子

从此次拍卖看,诱饵鸭依然是西方收藏界行情看涨的藏品。这只啸声天鹅是由约翰·海恩斯·威廉姆斯1910年制作的,成交价为34.85万美元,比15万美元的估价还高了一倍多。

捡漏捡到宝

随着拍卖的进行,人们也习惯了一件件藏品的成交价不断创下新纪录。如果某件藏品没有以高出估价几倍的价格拍出,大家反而会觉得奇怪了。所以当估价80万到120万美元的皮埃尔·博纳尔的画作《巴蒂尼奥勒大道》竟然仅以25万美元成交时,所有人无不吃了一惊。要知道,洛克菲勒2006年买下这幅画时还花了85.6万美元。也就是说,十年之后,买主仅花了当初不到三分之一的钱,就买下了这幅传世大作。

天价青花

洛克菲勒也是一位中国瓷器的爱好者,所藏尽是瓷中精品。早在拍卖前,就有一批亚洲竞拍者向佳士得公司的代表透露了对这些瓷器的强烈兴趣,而这些瓷器最后确实以远超估价的价格拍出。比如洛克菲勒收藏在缅因州家中的一只明朝宣德年间(1426-1435)的青花瓷碗,估价15万美元,最终就以280万美元的高价拍出。

梅森瓷器受热捧

梅森瓷器因其造型优美、设计新颖、工艺精湛而在西方收藏界很有市场,洛克菲勒也收藏了几十套梅森瓷器。这一对1740年的戴胜鸟尤其令人趋之若鹜。在被洛克菲勒收藏之前,它们曾属于犹太裔女收藏家卡特琳娜·冯·潘维茨(一位普鲁士贵族之妻),后来被转手给石油大亨查尔斯·赖茨曼,莱茨曼又将其捐赠给了纽约大都会博物馆。后来博物馆将这件藏品卖给了劳伦斯·洛克莱勒。劳伦斯2004年去世后,这套藏品便归其弟弟大卫所有。光从收藏谱系来看,便可知这对戴胜鸟的珍贵。这套藏品估价3万美元,最终以17.5万美元成交。

美国首任总统画像

吉尔伯特·斯图尔特(1755-1828)曾画过100多幅乔治·华盛顿的像。他的方法是先画上一幅画像,然后照着这幅“母本”临摹上若干份拿去卖钱;然后再创作一幅新的“母本”,然后再临摹上若干份。他画的每个系列的华盛顿画像,都以母本收藏者的名字命名。此次竞拍的这一幅绘于1795年,是所谓“沃恩系列”中的一幅(因其第一位收藏者为约翰·沃恩),也是斯图尔特所有画作中最出名的一幅。这幅作品的高估值为120万美元,现场以1160万美元成交,高于估值近10倍。

一辆非常贵的马车

洛克菲勒生前有个小爱好:驾驶着马车在韦斯切斯特的豪宅周围闲逛。他生前驾驶过的几辆马车也参加了此次拍卖,不过它们的估价却异常的低。比如有一辆产于19世纪末或20世纪初的马车,它的高估价只有2500美元,但最终却以81,250美元成交,足足比估价高出3100%。(财富中文网)

译者:朴成奎 

At David Rockefeller’s three-day long, $828 million estate sale at Christie’s in New York, artworks by such big names as Picasso, Matisse, and Gauguin sold for hundreds of millions of dollars. There was also a profusion of statuary, antiques, silverware, and what can only be called very high-end knickknacks. Miniature porcelain statues of shepherds may not have been fashionable since the 18th century, but for a brief, very expensive moment this week, they surely were hot: One winsome Meissen figure sold for $25,000, five times its high estimate.

Similarly, the type of dark, wooden furniture favored by Rockefeller hasn’t been showcased in design magazines in decades, but in Wednesday and Thursday’s day sales, bidders couldn’t get enough of it. One tripod table sold for $13,750, above a high estimate of $5,000, and an armchair went for $35,000, above its high estimate of $6,000.

This sudden popularity of historical decoration “suggests two things,” wrote David Rockefeller Jr. in an email. “First, that there are many people who, quite touchingly, would like to have ‘a piece of the Rock’—as you might call it—at a reasonable price.” Second, he wrote, “the buying public increasingly recognizes quality both in utilitarian objects (like chairs and silverware) and in strictly decorative objects as well.”

It’s undeniable that the Rockefeller name is a major draw. It’s also possible that the Rockefeller sale, with its global, multimillion-dollar marketing effort spearheaded by Christie’s, made buyers realize that there’s an aesthetic that transcends the so-called “5-star hotel” style of generic, location-less good taste.

It’s anyone’s guess, but what we do know is that, amid the thousands of objects that sold this week, 10 stood out.

Silver Worth Its Weight in Gold

A silver ice pail, purchased by Rockefeller in Mexico in 1995, was estimated to sell from $800 to $1,200. After furious bidding by phone, internet, and in the room, it hammered to a man sitting at the rear of the auction house. With premium, its total was a stunning $50,000.

A New Record for Fairfield Porter

There was never doubt that the spectacular pieces of blue chip European art would sell. How the American art, which can sometimes appeal to a more limited audience (there are probably fewer Maine landscape paintings on the walls of Bavarian schlosses than Rembrandt landscapes in Manhattan apartments), would fare was a more open-ended question. Happily, many of the American works in Rockefeller’s collection went gangbusters, including this absolutely gorgeous 1965 painting by Fairfield Porter, The Schooner II. Estimated from $1 million to $1.5 million, it set a new record for the artist when it sold for $1.93 million.

Double Rockefeller Provenance

“The most stunning success so far among the decorative works,” David Rockefeller Jr. noted. “Was a George lll writing table at which my mother used to write her eloquent morning letters.” The table had been acquired in 1913 by John D. Rockefeller Jr. (David Rockefeller’s father), who used it at Kykuit, the family’s New York estate, until 1960. The piece has been in the family, in other words, for generations, and that seemed a powerful draw for multiple bidders. Estimated to sell from $8,000 to $12,000, it sold, with premium, for $360,500.

The Most Expensive Picnic Ever?

A present made to David Rockefeller by King Hassan II of Morocco in 1986, this wicker basket and picnic set from Asprey contained ruby glass drink ware bearing the king’s monogram, silver-plated serving ware including a “silver-plated sugar caster” from Christofle, a set of flatware for 12 (including dinner forks, luncheon forks, and cold meat forks), all stored in a red-leather-lined interior. It was estimated to sell for $10,000. Its final price: $212,500.

A Duck That Costs More Than a House

If one thing was certain when the (gold) dust settled at the end of the Rockefeller sale, it was that the duck decoy market remains bullish. This whistling swan, made by John Haynes Williams in 1910, sold for $348,500, more than double its high estimate of $150,000.

An Actual Bargain

Watching the sales, it was easy to get jaded as record followed record. If a work didn’t sell for multiples of its high estimate, it felt disappointing. So when Pierre Bonnard’s Boulevard des Batignolles, estimated to sell for $800,000 to $1.2 million, sold for just $250,000, it was genuinely shocking. That’s particularly true when it comes to this work, which Rockefeller bought in 2006 for $856,000. Whoever bought it, in other words, paid less than a third of what Rockefeller had paid—more than a decade later.

Bowled Away

Before the sale, Christie’s representatives had spoken of a strong level of interest from Asian bidders. Without knowing just how many lots sold to people in the region, numerous lots that would appeal to Asian buyers skyrocketed past their original estimates. For instance, a blue and white bowl from the Chinese Xuande period (1426-1435), which the Rockefellers had kept in their house in Maine, carried a high estimate of $150,000 and sold for $2.8 million.

Porcelain Mania

Meissen figurines were sought-after for centuries for their delicacy, inventive design, and craftsmanship, and Rockefeller collected dozens. This pair of hoopoes from 1740 was particularly desirable, given its pre-Rockefeller provenance: Once owned by Catalina von Pannwitz, a very wealthy woman of Jewish descent who married into the Prussian nobility, it was subsequently purchased by oil executive Charles Wrightsman, who donated it to the Metropolitan Museum of Art. The museum subsequently sold it to Laurance Rockefeller. After his death in 2004, it was acquired by his brother, David. That was apparently a sufficiently glamorous pedigree for someone who bid the figurines up past their $30,000 high estimate. The total: $175,000.

American History X (10)

Gilbert Stuart (1755-1828) painted more than 100 portraits of George Washington. His methodology consisted of making a single portrait, then painting several exact copies of that portrait, and then starting a new series based on a new original. Each series of Washington portrait by Stuart is known by the name of the original portrait’s owner. (If you’re still following this, you deserve a prize.) This portrait, made in 1795, was part of the so-called Vaughan series (named after the first painting’s owner, John Vaughan), and is arguably Stuart’s most famous. Rockefeller’s painting carried a high estimate of $1.2 million and sold for nearly 10 times that amount, totaling, with premium, $11.6 million.

A Very Expensive Surrey

Rockefeller was known to drive a horse and carriage for fun around his estate in Westchester, and several of the buggies and surreys he used came up to auction. The estimates were admittedly almost absurdly low; this one, from the late 19th or early 20th centuries, carried a high estimate of $2,500. Even so, its total of $81,250 is surprising. That’s a 3,100 percent increase.

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