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捐钱速度还不够快,世界富豪们很着急

本周一,沃伦·巴菲特做出了最大的一笔捐赠。

世界首富们觉得自己捐钱的速度还不够快,但这并未阻止他们就此作出尝试。

本周一,沃伦·巴菲特说他计划向五个慈善组织捐献36亿美元的伯克希尔-哈撒韦公司股票,这是他作出的最大捐赠之一。沃尔玛的继承人吉姆·沃尔顿在上周也捐出了12亿美元的沃尔玛股份。家得宝的联合创始人伯尼·马库斯上周末称,他正在做规划,以便在死前将自己的45亿美元财富差不多悉数捐出。

在他们进行上述捐赠的同时,人们正在争论这些美国首富们怎样用自己的钱来帮助解决贫富差距和其他经济失衡问题才最为合适。上周,乔治·索罗斯和Facebook的联合创始人克里斯·休斯等人呼吁征收财富税,以便为应对气候变化和公共健康措施提供资金。巴菲特等另一些富豪则一直表示,他们更愿意让比尔及梅琳达·盖茨基金会这样的实体来监督相关慈善工作。

周一发表的声明显示,自2006年承诺裸捐以来,巴菲特向慈善机构捐赠的股份总价值已经达到340亿美元左右。接受捐赠的团体包括盖茨基金会、以巴菲特已故妻子命名的几家慈善机构以及巴菲特子女管理的一些慈善组织。

6月27日提交给监管部门的文件未披露沃尔顿的捐赠对象,但该家族成员一直定期向沃尔顿家族基金会捐款,后者的活动领域包括教育和环境。该基金会网站称,2018年它对外提供的资金超过5.95亿美元,而截至2017年年底其资产规模为49亿美元。

沃尔顿家族女发言人尚未回应要求其发表评论的电子邮件。

巴菲特花了50多年时间让伯克希尔-哈撒韦公司的市值突破5000亿美元,并且覆盖了从保险到制造等诸多行业。该公司的成功一度让巴菲特成为世界首富,只是不断的捐赠已经让他的财富排名跌落至第四位。

巴菲特在2006年提出的裸捐方案后来做了调整,现在的设想是先确定个人财产数目,然后在死后10年内捐出所有伯克希尔股份。

长期以来,这位身价上亿的投资者一直在支持盖茨夫妇的慈善事业。2006年,巴菲特曾经表示自己捐献股票的目的是提升盖茨基金会在解决社会问题方面“已有的显著效果”。同时接受巴菲特股票捐赠的还有苏珊·汤普森·巴菲特基金会、舍伍德基金会、霍华德·G·巴菲特基金会和NoVo基金会。

彭博亿万富翁指数显示,吉姆·沃尔顿的捐赠使其个人净值降到了500亿美元左右。上周提交的另一份文件表明,他的兄长罗伯·沃尔顿也捐出了13.5万股沃尔玛股票,价值1500万美元。(财富中文网)

译者:Charlie

审校:夏林

The world’s richest can’t give away their money fast enough–but that’s not stopping them from trying.

Warren Buffett said Monday he plans to donate $3.6 billion of Berkshire Hathaway Inc. stock to five charities–one of his largest gifts ever–while Walmart Inc. heir Jim Walton gave away $1.2 billion of the retailer’s shares last week. And Home Depot Inc. co-founder Bernie Marcus said this weekend he’s planning to gift almost his entire $4.5 billion fortune before he dies.

The donations are occurring amid debate over how best the richest Americans should use their money to help address income inequality and other economic imbalances. Last week, a group including George Soros and Facebook Inc. co-founder Chris Hughes called for a wealth tax to help provide funds for fighting climate change and public health initiatives. Others such as Buffett have argued that they prefer to have entities such as the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation oversee the charitable work.

Buffett’s gift brings the total amount of stock he’s donated to foundations to about $34 billion since making a pledge in 2006 to give away all his fortune, according to a statement Monday. The recipients include the Gates Foundation, as well as charities named for his late wife and ones run by his children.

The recipient of Walton’s gift wasn’t disclosed in a June 27 regulatory filing, but family members have regularly donated to the Walton Family Foundation, whose whose causes include education and the environment. The foundation awarded more than $595 million in grants in 2018, according to its website, and had assets of $4.9 billion at the end of 2017.

A spokeswoman for the family didn’t immediately respond to an emailed request for comment.

Buffett has spent more than five decades crafting Berkshire Hathaway into a company with a market value of more than half a trillion dollars, spanning industries from insurance to manufacturing. Its success once made him the world’s richest man, though he has fallen back to fourth place as he steadily gives his fortune away.

The original 2006 plan was later modified, and envisages posthumously donating all of the Berkshire stock within a decade after his estate is settled.

The billionaire investor has long supported the Gateses’ charitable endeavors, and said in 2006 that he aimed for the stock donations to ramp up their foundation’s “already impressive effectiveness” addressing societal problems. Buffett is also giving stock to the Susan Thompson Buffett Foundation, Sherwood Foundation, Howard G. Buffett Foundation and NoVo Foundation.

Jim Walton’s donation cut his net worth to about $50 billion, according to the Bloomberg Billionaires Index. His older brother, Rob Walton, also donated 135,000 Walmart shares–worth $15 million–a separate filing last week shows.

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