这份新鲜出炉的报告由Stand.earth和美国国家资源保护委员会（National Resources Defense Council）联名发布，其中描绘了“树木-厕所”的流程，并得出结论称“土著居民、珍贵的野生生物和全球气候正在遭到毁灭”。
报告估计美国的纸巾市场价值高达310亿美元，并认为美国的三大纸品厂商宝洁（Procter & Gamble）、佐治亚太平洋（Georgia-Pacific）和金百利克拉克（Kimberly-Clark）应该为不在厕纸中使用可再生材料而承担责任。
在报告的可持续性排名中，第七世代（Seventh Generation）等环保品牌，以及全食超市（Whole Foods）和Trader Joes等基本款都得到了A的评级。而Cottonelle、Charmin、Ultra Soft、Angel Soft和Quilted Northern的评级均在D至F之间。纸巾品牌Viva、Brawny和Bounty也得到了D至F的评级。
宝洁的发言人强调公司一直致力于可持续领域的投入，并表示产品中100%的木质纤维都来自于经由森林管理委员会（Forest Stewardship Council）等第三方认证、有人负责管理的森林。发言人对《财富》杂志表示：“纸巾产品中的原生纤维更受消费者喜爱，而且能够更高效地‘完成任务’。使用有人负责管理的森林的原生纤维，我们的产品会有更好的吸收性，因此消费者造成的浪费也更少。可再生材料制成的纸质产品较硬，吸收性较差，也缺乏原生纤维产品所具有的强度。”
A new report on paper use says Americans are flushing away Canadian forests.
Stand.earth and the National Resources Defense Council just released a report describing the “tree-to-toilet” pipeline, concluding that “[t]he consequences for Indigenous Peoples, treasured wildlife, and the global climate are devastating.”
The U.S. consumes more toilet paper than any other country, almost three rolls per person each week. And the brands they choose to use aren’t sustainable, with hardwood trees being pulped to create the soft toilet paper consumers want. Following the United States’ annual use of 141 rolls of toilet paper per capita is Germany with 134 rolls and the United Kingdom with 127. Japanese consumers average 91 rolls annually, while the Chinese average just 49.
Estimating the U.S. tissue market to be worth $31 billion, the report took the three biggest paper product producers in the U.S. to task: Procter & Gamble, Georgia-Pacific and Kimberly-Clark use no recycled content in their consumer toilet paper, they say.
A Kimberly-Clark spokesperson told Fortune that it is committed to making products that provide health and hygiene benefits while “ensuring the resilience of the forests where we sustainably source our fiber.” It will remain engaged in “an ongoing dialogue” with the NRDC on “the complex challenges presented in their report” and will continue to demonstrate “how Kimberly-Clark is working to be a part of the solution.” Georgia-Pacific did not immediately return Fortune‘s request for comment.
In the report’s sustainability rankings, eco-friendly brands such as Seventh Generation and basic options from Whole Foods and Trader Joes earned an A. But Cottonelle, Scott, Charmin, Ultra Soft, Angel Soft and Quilted Northern earned grades of D or F. Paper towel brands Viva, Brawny and Bounty also got grades of D or F.
“We’re calling on Procter & Gamble, as the maker of America’s leading toilet paper brand, to stop flushing forests down the toilet,” report co-author Shelley Vinyard said in a statement. “Procter & Gamble has the innovation resources to bring Charmin into the 21st century; the question is whether the company will embrace its reputation as an innovator to create sustainable products using recycled material instead of clear-cut trees.”
A spokesman for P&G stressed the company’s commitment to sustainability, saying 100% of its wood fiber comes from responsibly managed forests, certified by third parties such as the Forest Stewardship Council. “Virgin fiber in tissue products is preferred by consumers, and ‘does the job’ much more efficiently,” the Procter & Gamble spokesman told Fortune. “By using virgin fiber from responsibly managed forests, our products are more absorbent, so consumers can do more with less waste. Paper products made from recycled materials are less soft, less absorbent and lack the strength that products manufactured from virgin fibers can provide.”
Industrial logging claims more than a million acres of northern forests every year, equivalent to seven hockey rinks each minute, in part to meet demand for tissue products in the United States. The paper and printing industries, meanwhile, argue that Canada’s forest area of 857 million acres has remained stable over the past 25 years, per Two Sides.
The price of hardwood pulp, used in toilet paper and tissues, has risen dramatically over the past few years, which has in turn increased consumer prices for tissue. But manufacturers have been slow to integrate recycled paper into their products, as consumers prefer the soft feel of virgin pulp.
The report from Stand.earth and the NRDC recommends consumers first and foremost reduce their toilet paper use, but also that manufacturers increase the use of recycled paper and alternative fibers in toilet tissue.
This story has been updated to reflect statements from Kimberly-Clark and Procter & Gamble.