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纽约州定绿色能源大计,到2040年要成为无碳州

Renae Reints 2019年01月22日

尽管白宫规避气候问题,积极的民主党人却仍在全国范围推动绿色新政,希望打造碳中性的美国经济。

上周四,美国纽约州州长安德鲁·库默宣布,到2040年将实现能源生产百分百脱碳。

库默在声明中承诺:“虽然(美国)联邦政府可耻地无视了气候变化的现实,不愿采取有实际意义的行动,但我们要推出全国首创的绿色新政,把握清洁能源经济的潜力,为提供无碳电力设定全美最积极的目标,最终彻底消除碳足迹。”

此前库默发布2019年主要施政原则的“正义议程”时,已经简要介绍了纽约州的绿色新政。新政将原有的绿色能源目标提升到更高水平,包括截至2035年该州离岸风力发电目标提高三倍,将截至2025年的分布式太阳能部署目标调升一倍等。

“这一里程碑意义的方案将进一步推动纽约的清洁能源经济增长,在21世纪创造数万高质量的就业岗位,通过减少有害排放物,为全体纽约州居民带来更清洁的空气和用水,成为气候变化领域的先行者,也为美国和全球其他地区树立典范。”公平议程这样写道。

绿色新政还囊括15亿美元的奖金,纽约州北部20个大规模的太阳能、风能和储能项目有机会通过竞争赢得。根据正义议程规划,相关项目可创造2600多个长期和短期的工作岗位,项目产能将足够为55万个家庭提供照明。其中一些项目有望今年8月以前动工,所有项目都将在2022年以前开始运营。

为了推动纽约州向碳中性转型,该州成立了气候行动委员会,成员包括州政府部门的负责人、员工代表、环境法和清洁能源方面的专家。委员会将制定监管及安排执行的计划。

“库默州长的绿色新政将推动本州再上台阶,向未来的清洁能源迈进。我们不会让特朗普政府拖后腿。”纽约州能源和金融机构主席理查德·考夫曼在声明中表示。

美国总统唐纳德·特朗普在其执政的重点中剔除了气候变化事宜,执政第一年就宣布美国退出意义重大的巴黎协定。该协定制定全球气温控制标准,旨在应对全世界气温上升。

尽管白宫规避气候问题,积极的民主党人却仍在全国范围推动绿色新政,希望打造碳中性的美国经济。

一些州已经就此采取行动。去年9月,加州就承诺在2045年以前成为无碳发电州。财富中文网)

本文原版有误,现已改称纽约和加利福尼亚都致力于实现当地能源的碳中性。两个州都承诺要让能源生产无碳化。

译者:Pessy

审校:夏林

New York Governor Andrew Cuomo announced a Green New Deal last Thursday that pledges all of the state’s energy will be 100 percent carbon free by 2040.

“While the federal government shamefully ignores the reality of climate change and fails to take meaningful action, we are launching the first-in-the-nation Green New Deal to seize the potential of the clean energy economy, set nation’s most ambitious goal for carbon-free power, and ultimately eliminate our entire carbon footprint,” said Cuomo in a statement.

New York’s Green New Deal—outlined in the governor’s 2019 Justice Agenda—increases previous green energy goals to more ambitious levels, including quadrupling the state’s offshore wind target by 2035 and doubling distributed solar deployment by 2025.

“This landmark initiative will further drive the growth of New York’s clean energy economy, create tens of thousands of high-quality 21st century jobs, provide all New Yorkers with cleaner air and water by reducing harmful emissions, and set an example of climate leadership for the rest of the nation and world to follow,” reads the Justice Agenda.

The deal also includes $1.5 billion in competitive awards for 20 large-scale solar, wind, and energy storage projects in upstate New York. According to the Justice Agenda, these projects will establish over 2,600 short- and long-term jobs and will create enough power to light 550,000 homes. Several are expected to break ground by August of this year, with all projects operational by 2022.

To organize the state’s transition to carbon neutrality, a Climate Action Council comprised of state agency heads, workforce representatives, and environmental justice and clean energy experts will develop a plan for regulations and programming.

“Governor Cuomo’s Green New Deal will advance New York State further into the clean energy future, and we won’t let the Trump Administration push us backwards,” said Richard Kauffman, New York’s chairman of energy and finance, in a statement.

President Donald Trump has avoided making climate change a top agenda item for his administration, going as far as pulling the U.S. out of the landmark Paris Agreement that set global standards for battling rising world temperatures during his first year in office.

While the White House moves away from climate issues, progressive Democrats have pushed for a national Green New Deal that aims for a carbon-neutral U.S. economy.

States have also taken matters into their own hands: California committed to becoming carbon free by 2045 in September of last year.

A previous version of this story incorrectly stated that New York and California are pledging to make their energy carbon neutral. Both states are pledging to make their energy carbon free.

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