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吸烟的代价:只要戒烟,每年能买辆新车

Brittany Shoot 2019年01月14日

研究早已证明,对尼古丁成瘾有害身体健康,一项新分析证明吸烟还会严重影响人们的财务健康。

吸烟能致命,首先遭殃就是荷包“失血”。研究早已证明,对尼古丁成瘾有害身体健康,一项新分析证明吸烟还会严重影响人们的财务健康。

上周三,个人理财网站WalletHub公布的分析称,美国康涅狄格州的烟民一年要为吸烟耗资将近5.6万美元,终其一生要消费280万美元。按烟民的财务成本计算,康涅狄格是美国吸烟消费最高的州。

WalletHub的分析考察了一年内和毕生时间里烟民的吸烟成本,再逐个州统计数据,其中也考虑了一些变量,因为每个州的烟草价格和税各不相同,健康问题导致的医疗成本和收入损失也各异。

据美国疾病预防控制中心(CDC)统计,一年内美国整体吸烟成本超过3000亿美元。

WalletHub的研究还指出了与吸烟有关的死亡数据。据美国医务总监报告,1964年以来,吸烟相关的疾病已经造成超过2000万美国人死亡,其中250万人并不是烟民,但受到了二手烟的影响。吸烟是肺癌的首要致病因,还会引发慢性支气管炎和肺气肿等健康问题。

电子烟可能导致类似危害,不过众说纷纭。Juul等电子烟厂商声称,电子烟比传统吸烟方式更安全。但一些研究显示,虽然电子烟不含尼古丁,电子烟烟民体内的有毒化学物质跟抽普通烟的烟民一样多。电子烟往往用丙二醇和丙三醇等化学物质保存香气,吸引消费者弃用传统香烟,改抽电子烟。由于电子烟在青少年中非常流行,美国食品与药品管理局(FDA)正考虑禁止在网上销售电子烟。

不过,烟草方面还是有些好消息的。2018年,美国成年烟民人数达到了历史新低。(财富中文网)

译者:Pessy

审校:夏林

Smoking kills people, but the habit gets their wallets first. While research has long proven a nicotine addiction causes harm to one’s health, new analysis proves it causes serious damage to financial health too.

Smokers in Connecticut, the state that ranks highest in terms of the financial cost of cigarette smoking, are spending nearly $56,000 annually on their habit, according to new analysis published last Wednesday by personal finance website WalletHub. Over their lifetimes, smokers in Connecticut are spending more than $2.8 million.

WalletHub’s analysis looks at the cost of smoking over both a year and a lifetime of tobacco use. The totals are broken down by state, which accounts for variables such as tobacco prices and taxes, as well as healthcare costs and income loss due to related health issues.

Looking at the United States as a whole, smoking costs the country over $300 billion annually, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

The WalletHub study also points to the mortality figures associated with smoking. The U.S. Surgeon General reports that since 1964, smoking-related illnesses have claimed the lives of more than 20 million Americans, and 2.5 million of those were non-smokers who suffered the effects of secondhand smoke. Smoking is a leading cause of lung cancer, and smoking also causes health issues such as chronic bronchitis and emphysema.

This may also be true for e-cigarettes, though the jury is still out. While e-cig producers such as Juul say vaping is safer than traditional smoking, some studies have shown that people who smoke e-cigs have the same toxic chemicals in their bodies as regular cigarette smokers, even when the e-cigs don’t contain nicotine. Chemicals such aspropylene glycol and glycerin are used in e-cigs to preserve the flavor, the very thing that seems to motivate people to opt for vaping over cigarette smoking. Vaping has become so popular with teens, the FDA is considering a ban on online e-cigarette sales.

There is at least some good news on the tobacco front, though. Smoking among adults in the U.S. fell to an all-time low in 2018.

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