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漫威联合创始人斯坦·李去世,享年95岁

Renae Reitns 2018年11月13日

1961年,斯坦·李与杰克·柯比共同创办出版公司漫威漫画,从此扬名立万。

据《好莱坞报道》消息,漫画界的传奇人物、编辑、出版人及漫威的联合创始人斯坦·李刚刚过世,享年95岁。

李是一系列标志性角色的创造者或联合创造者,比如神奇四侠、蜘蛛侠、黑豹、无敌浩克、X战警、钢铁侠、夜魔侠、蚁人和雷神等。他擅长创造一些并非完美无缺的拯救者,同时赋予角色深度。1961年他与杰克·柯比共同创办出版公司漫威漫画,从此扬名立万。

《好莱坞报道》称,李于周一早晨在洛杉矶的希德斯-西奈医疗中心去世。

迪斯尼在2009年以40亿美元的价格收购了他的出版公司,而李实际上一直活跃在电影界。虽然超级英雄的粉丝们并不是人人都读他的漫画原著,许多人却知晓他在漫威系列电影中的友情客串。

1922年12月28日,李出生在一个罗马尼亚移民家庭,成长于华盛顿高地,高中毕业后他加入了WPA联邦戏剧项目。1939年获得了及时漫画公司(Timely Comics)的一个跑腿的工作,每周赚取8美元,而及时漫画后来演变为漫威。

在过去几年里,李上新闻头条,往往不是因为其作品,而是因为各种争议。他69岁的妻子于2017年过世,不到一年他对他自己在2001年联合创立的POW! Entertainment公司提起了10亿美元的诉讼,声称该公司盗用他创造的人物形象以牟利。不过在两个月后,他放弃了诉讼。《好莱坞报道》提到,李还状告了他的前任业务经理,并对处理他个人事务的男子提起了限制令。

尽管在人生末期有种种争议,李将会因为他创造的漫画形象而被人们记住。像蜘蛛侠这样的漫画形象告诉读者,即使超级英雄也有焦虑,也不会处理与女孩的关系,以及有其他种种麻烦。他创造的品牌已经超越了创造者本人,如同他自己所说,“要超越!”(财富中文网)

译者:宣峰

Stan Lee, the legendary comic writer, editor, and publisher who co-created Marvel, has passed away at age 95, The Hollywood Reporter states.

Lee was the creator or co-creator of iconic characters like the Fantastic Four, Spider-Man, Black Panther, the Incredible Hulk, X-Men, Iron Man, Daredevil, Ant-Man, Thor, and more. He excelled at creating not flawless saviors, but characters with depth. He’s known for co-founding the publishing company Marvel Comics with Jack Kirby in 1961.

According to THR, Lee died Monday morning at the Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles.

While Disney bought his publishing house for $4 billion in 2009, Lee stayed in the picture—literally. While not every superhero fan may read the comics, many still knew Lee for his cameos in the Marvel movies.

Lee was born on Dec. 28, 1922 to Romanian immigrants. He grew up in Washington Heights, and after graduating high school, Lee joined the WPA Federal Theatre Project. In 1939, he got a job as a gofer earning $8 a week at Timely Comics, the publisher that would eventually become Marvel.

In the past few years, Lee has made headlines not for his work, but for controversies. His wife of 69 years passed away in 2017. Not a year later, he filed a $1 billion lawsuit against POW! Entertainment, a company he co-founded in 2001, alleging it stole his likeness for financial gain. Within two months, however, Lee dropped the suit. THR reports Lee also sued his former business manager and filed a restraining order against a man who handled his affairs.

Despite the controversies of late, Lee will be remembered for the icons he created. Characters like Spider-Man taught young readers that even superheroes have anxieties, girl problems, and other relatable issues. He created a brand that has now outlasted its creators. As the man himself would say, “Excelsior!”

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