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加州有望到2045年完全使用清洁能源

Natasha Bach 2018年09月04日

该州离完全使用清洁能源又进了一步。

加利福尼亚州正在努力完全使用清洁能源。

一项要求加州到2045年弃用化石燃料、全部使用可再生能源网络的法案在上周二在州众议院获得通过,使该州离完全使用清洁能源又进了一步。

该法案已经讨论了将近两年时间,曾经遭到公用事业公司、石油企业和一些议员的反对。在上周二,众议院以43票赞成、32票反对通过了该法案。提出该法案的是州参议员凯·德·列昂(Kevin de León)。法案通过后将转交给州参议院,称为“参议院100号法案”,预计会获得通过,然后再提交给州长杰里·布朗(Jerry Brown)签字。

法案若通过,加利福尼亚州将成为继续夏威夷之后,第二个计划在2045年完全使用清洁能源的州。但是参议院100号法案的雄心不止于此,它还提高了本州已有的清洁能源目标,要求公用事业提供商到2030年60%的发电来自可再生资源。这一目标之前是50%。

尽管联邦政府试图降低燃料经济的标准,削弱环境保护工作,但加州已经成为抗击气候变化的领袖。去年,加州制定了所有新建房屋必须安装太阳能板的规定,延长了限额交易计划。加州还宣称要起诉特朗普政府,因其计划冻结燃料经济标准。早在4年前,加州就跨越了2020年碳排目标。

作为世界第五大经济体,这些进展不算太大。如果参议院100号法案通过,加州将成为全球最大的承诺完全使用可再生能源的经济体。(财富中文网)

译者:Ty

California is on a path to 100% clean energy.

A bill, which would require California to transition to a fully renewable energy grid devoid of fossil fuels by 2045, passed the state Assembly on Tuesday, bringing it one step closer to becoming a reality.

The bill has been under debate for nearly two years and has faced objections from utilities and oil companies and some Assembly members. But on Tuesday, the Assembly voted 43-32 in favor of the bill, which had been introduced by Sen. Kevin de León. Senate Bill 100 will now return to the state Senate, where it is expected to pass. It will then be sent to Gov. Jerry Brown for his signature.

Should the bill pass, California will be only the second state after Hawaii to pass a plan to rely solely on clean energy by 2045. But SB100’s ambitions don’t end there. The bill also ups the state’s clean energy goals, requiring that utilities providers generate 60% of their power from renewable sources by 2030. That goal had previously been set at 50% by 2030.

Despite federal attempts to roll back fuel economy standards and erode environmental protections, California has become a leader in combating climate change. In the last year, it introduced a requirement for solar panels on all new homes, extended its cap-and-trade program, pledged to sue the Trump administration over its plan to freeze fuel economy standards, all while exceeding its 2020 emissions target four years early.

And as the world’s fifth largest economy, these developments are not insignificant. If SB100 passes, California would become the largest economy in the world to commit to sourcing its 100% of its energy from renewable sources.

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