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美国三季度GDP增速远超预期

财富中文网 2016年12月25日

美国经济第三季度的增长速度超出了预期,创下了两年来的最好成绩,消费者支出稳定增长,大豆出口量大幅增加。

本周四,美国商务部在第三季度GDP预测中表示,国内生产总值增长折合成年率为3.5%,远高于之前报告的3.2%。

在第二季度1.4%的低迷增速之后,第三季度的GDP创下了2014年以来的最大增幅。

对建筑和知识产权产品的商业投资增加,巩固了经济基本面,因此产值也大幅提高。经济基本面好转促使美联储在上周宣布加息。

路透社调查的经济学家曾预测,第三季度GDP增长将被上修至3.3%。

而从收入方面衡量,美国经济增速为4.8%,而不是之前报告的5.2%。这是自2014年第二季度以来国内总收入的最快增速,在第二季度仅增长了0.7%。

约占美国经济活动三分之二以上的消费者支出,在第三季度增长了3.0%,超出了上个月报道的2.8%。但这一速度比第二季度4.0%的增长速度依旧有所放缓。

非住宅建筑支出,包括石油与天然气井在内,增速达到12.0%,创下了2014年第一季度以来的最快增速。之前报告的非住宅支出增速为10.1%。

出口增长预测从之前报告的10.1%,小幅向下修正为10.0%。这是自2013年第四季度以来的最快增长速度。出口增长主要反映出阿根廷与巴西大豆歉收之后,美国大豆出口的大幅增加。

上一季度,商业库存累积速度为71亿美元,而不是上个月报告的76亿美元。(财富中文网)

译者:刘进龙/汪皓

Gross domestic product increased at a 3.5% annual rate instead of the previously reported 3.2% pace, the Commerce Department said in its third GDP estimate on Thursday.

Growth was the strongest since the third quarter of 2014 and followed the second quarter's anemic 1.4% pace.

Output was also lifted by upward revisions to business investment in structures and intellectual property products, underscoring the economy's solid fundamentals, which contributed to the Federal Reserve raising interest rates last week.

Economists polled by Reuters had expected that third-quarter GDP growth would be revised up to a 3.3% rate.

When measured from the income side, the economy grew at a 4.8% pace, instead of the previously reported 5.2% clip. That was the fastest pace of increase in gross domestic income since the second quarter of 2014 and followed a 0.7% rate of increase in the second quarter.

Consumer spending, which accounts for more than two-thirds of U.S. economic activity, increased at a 3.0% rate in the third quarter and not the 2.8% pace reported last month. That was still a slowdown from the second quarter's robust 4.0% pace.

Spending on nonresidential structures, which include oil and gas wells, increased at a 12.0% rate, the fastest pace since the first quarter of 2014. Nonresidential outlays were previously reported to have increased at a 10.1% pace.

The export growth estimate was revised a touch lower to a 10.0% rate from the previously reported 10.1% pace. It was the fastest pace since the fourth quarter of 2013. The spike in exports largely reflected a surge in soybean exports after a poor soy harvest in Argentina and Brazil.

Businesses accumulated inventories at a $7.1 billion rate in the last quarter, rather than the $7.6 billion pace reported last month.

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