这些结果与包括政府支出在内的中国整体研发趋势相契合。美国国家科学基金会（National Science Foundation）称，中国政府的研发支出仅次于美国。
在专利申请领域，中国份额也越来越大。来自中国和中国居民的专利申请数最多。世界知识产权组织（World Intellectual Property Organization）称，2012年中国的专利申请量已经超越了美国。
美国信息技术与创新基金会（The Information Technology and Innovation Foundation）是一家总部设在华盛顿特区的科技政策智库，该基金会的总裁罗伯特•阿特金森提醒称，中国的企业研发投入数据可能“有些水分”，因为中国对国有企业实施的“奖励制度”看重研发，因此中资企业会将一些在美国不会归为研发的活动列入研发支出项目。
Chinese companies are significantly ramping up their spending on research and development, according to a new report.
Companies based on the mainland of China have increased their spending by a factor of 15 over the past decade, according to a report from the management consulting firm “Strategy&,” and the number of Chinese firms on Strategy&’s 2014 Global Innovation 1000 has gone from eight in 2005 to 114 today.
The reason for the R&D growth: Chinese companies are shifting away from producing cheap goods for export and concentrating on higher quality economic growth.
“When we are looking at the regional cut, China continues to go gangbusters,” said Barry Jaruzelski, the report’s author and a senior partner with the firm.
“It’s been in the high double-digits for many, many years,” he added. “The rest of the world was double-digit, but lower — around 13 percent — and North America and Europe were positive, but much lower, at 3. 5 percent in North America and 2.5 percent in Europe.”
The findings dovetail with overall research and development trends in China, including government spending, which the National Science Foundation found, is second only behind the United States.
Patents, too, increasingly have a Chinese flavor, with the largest number of applicants coming from China and Chinese residents. The Chinese overtook the United States in 2012, according to the World Intellectual Property Organization.
“In terms of their development, they have advanced a lot over the past 20 years,” said Mosahid Khan, head of the intellectual property and statistics section at WIPO in Geneva. “They are sort of catching up with the United States and Japan on the technological frontier whether it be patents or R & D investment.”
Chinese companies are still are dwarfed by American-based firms when it comes to the $647 billion spent on global research and development. The Americans, as they have traditionally done, are the biggest spenders at $256.9 billion followed by European-based companies at $193.8 billion and then Japan which is third at $116.7 billion.
Still, the Chinese growth can’t be ignored. It has gone from almost negligible number in 2005 to $30 billion in 2014. Chinese firms increased their spending from a year ago by 46 percent.
Robert Atkinson, the president of The Information Technology and Innovation Foundation, a Washington, D.C., technology policy think tank, warned that some of the Chinese figures may be “somewhat overstated” due to a “rewards system” for state-owned enterprises which is based on them doing “a lot of R & D” and thus classifying some things as research and development which wouldn’t be treated as such in the United States.