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商业 - 房地产

2013年美国楼市复苏五大急先锋

Nin-Hai Tseng 2014年01月02日

美国楼市崩盘六年后,房地产市场不断复苏,摆脱了创纪录的止赎房屋数量和螺旋下跌的房价,让楼市崩溃的景象变得更为遥远。其中,本文介绍的5个地区性楼市在2013年出现了最为强劲的反弹。

    我们都想忘掉陷入崩溃的美国楼市。六年后的今天,房地产市场不断复苏,摆脱了创纪录的止赎房屋数量和螺旋下跌的房价,让楼市崩溃的景象变得更为遥远。2013年10月份,房屋新建许可证颁发数量达到了五年半以来的最高点,美国全国房价比上年同期上涨了12.5%(2012年的房价涨幅为6%)。其中某些地区的反弹幅度较大。本文介绍的是2013年复苏力度最强的五个市场,感谢房地产网站Trulia、Zillow等房地产专业机构提供的数据。

    旧金山

    旧金山是科技中心,吸引了一些最优秀和最聪明的人。他们中间有些人的薪水高达百万美元。2005-2011年,旧金山的房价下跌了35%左右。但从2011年起,这里的房价开始迅速上涨。最新的标准普尔/ Case-Shiller房价指数(S&P/Case-Shiller Home Price Indices)显示,2013年9月份旧金山房价同比涨幅达到了25.7%。

    虽然尚未完全复苏,但旧金山已经是美国房价最高的地区之一,开发商已经在考虑套现。Trulia经济学家杰德•科尔克表示,2013年旧金山地区提交的房屋新建申请数量有望达到之前几年的两倍。

    奥斯汀

    美国楼市崩盘时,德克萨斯州受到的打击没有其他州那么严重;同时,和其他州一样,德州也出现了房价反弹水平居全国前列的地区,比如说,奥斯汀。

    奥斯汀被称为“硅山”,戴尔(Dell)等科技企业的总部就设在这里,这一点有助于为当地不断增长的楼市提供支撑。一年来,德州中部的房屋销量上升了8%。和旧金山不同的是,奥斯汀地区的房价相对来说仍然可以接受。Trulia提供的数据显示,奥斯汀约一半房屋的售价都在美国中等收入家庭的承受范围之内,而在旧金山,这个数字只有14%。

    加利福尼亚州橘子县

    阳光明媚的橘子县是冲浪圣地,也是电视真人秀《橘子郡贵妇的真实生活》(The Real Housewives of Orange County)的拍摄地。就在四年前,当地丧失抵押赎回权的房屋数量还处于历史最高点。而今,橘子县的房价已从最低点反弹了30%。不过,这个市场当然还有问题。受经济衰退影响,这几年橘子县基本上没有新建过住宅,各种价位的待售房屋因此不断减少,特别是价格低于50万美元的住宅。这种情况一定会造成房价上涨,而这种现象在整个加州都很普遍。对加州楼市来说,这样的情况有利也有弊。

    休斯顿

    人们说,在德州,所有的东西都会大一号,楼市反弹也不例外。整体来看,德州受到的冲击不像其他地区那么大。因此,德州楼市反弹的速度也比美国其他地区快得多,而这主要得归功于当地的能源行业。在美国所有大型都市中,休斯顿的就业水平率先恢复到衰退之前,当地楼市也从就业增长中受益。2013年10月份,休斯顿房价中值同比上涨了8.9%,达到17.75万美元;平均房价也提高了7.9%,达到了239773美元。

    丹佛

    2013年夏季,丹佛的房价突破了衰退前的最高点。在能源和科技行业带动下,一系列行业实现了增长,为丹佛的经济注入了动力,进而帮助当地楼市开始走强。

    广受关注的美国楼市健康指数表明,2013年5月,丹佛的房价指数比基准月份高140.98%,稍稍超过2006年8月份140.28%的前高点。继达拉斯之后,丹佛也成为美国首批房价创新高的城市之一。(财富中文网)

    译者:Charlie  

    We would all prefer to forget the U.S. housing market crash. Six years later, it has grown more distant as the market continues to recover from record foreclosures and spiraling home prices. In October, permits for future home construction rose to their highest rate in nearly five-and-a-half years; home prices nationwide rose 12.5% in October from a year earlier (by comparison, they grew by 6% in 2012). Some markets have recovered more than others, though. Here's a look at the five strongest recoveries of 2013, thanks to data from Trulia, Zillow, and other housing experts.

    San Francisco

    This tech hub has lured some of the best and brightest, some of whom are now making million-dollar salaries. Home prices in San Francisco declined by about 35% between 2005 and 2011, but prices have risen rapidly since then. In September, prices soared 25.7% from a year earlier, according to the latest S&P/Case-Shiller Home Price Indices.

    Though prices haven't fully recovered, homes in San Francisco are among the most expensive in the country, and builders are looking to cash in. The area is on track to have almost twice as many building permits filed this year as it has had in previous years, says Jed Kolko, economist with Trulia, an online real estate website.

    Austin

    Texas was not hit as hard as others when the housing market crashed, but parts of the state have undergone the strongest recoveries, just the same -- namely, Austin.

    Known as "Silicon Hills," the area is home to Dell and other tech companies that have helped support its growing housing market. Sales in central Texas have risen 8% during the past year. And, unlike San Francisco, the Austin area is still relatively affordable. About half of all homes for sale in Austin are within reach of middle income Americans, compared to 14% in San Francisco, according to Trulia.

    Orange County, Calif.

    The land of sun and surf and Real Housewives suffered record foreclosures just four years ago, but home prices today are up 30% from their lows. The market certainly has its problems, however. Because the recession essentially halted home construction for several years, Orange County is dealing with a shrinking pool of homes for sale at all price points, especially under $500,000. That can surely push prices higher -- a common story throughout California that has both helped and hurt its housing market.

    Houston

    They say everything is bigger in Texas, the housing recovery included. Overall, the state was not hurt as badly as other regions. And so its recovery was much swifter than the rest of the country, thanks largely to its energy industry. Houston was the first major metro region to regain all the jobs it lost in the recession, and its housing market has benefited from the jobs growth. Median home prices rose 8.9% in October from a year earlier, to $177,500, and the average price hit $239,773, up 7.9% during the same period.

    Denver

    Over the summer, home prices in the Mile-High City surpassed pre-recession highs. Growth in an array of industries led by energy and technology has fueled Denver's economy, which, in turn, helped strengthen its housing market.

    In May, a widely watched index that tracks the health of the U.S. housing market showed Denver's home price index level was 140.98% higher than it was in its benchmark month -- close to its previous level of 140.28% from August 2006. It joined Dallas in one of the first instances of any city reaching such new heights.

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