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夸大工作压力会惹人嫌

LINDSEY LEAKE
2024-05-30

佐治亚大学特里商学院的一项最新研究显示,所谓的“压力吹嘘”会加剧同事的职业倦怠。

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我们或多或少都经历过工作压力,有时与同事分享自己面临的压力,可以减轻你肩上的重担。但如果你一味地吹嘘自己承担的压力,把压力当作荣誉勋章,你的同事可能会认为你不仅不讨人喜欢,而且还不称职。

这是佐治亚大学特里商学院(University of Georgia Terry College of Business)一项最新研究的结论。此外,根据三月份发表在《人事心理学》(Personnel Psychology)杂志上的研究,所谓的“压力吹嘘”会加剧同事的职业倦怠。

这项研究的主要作者杰西卡·罗德尔博士在相关新闻稿中表示:“我们都见过这种行为,我们有时候可能也会犯这样的错误。我很好奇人们为什么会这样做,我想也许我们谈论自己的压力是因为我们想证明自己足够优秀。但我们发现这往往适得其反。”

压力有多种形式,这项研究特别将其视为 “当一个人感到自己的要求超过了自己的能力时的心理状态”。这是一个大问题。美国心理学会(American Psychological Association)的“2023年美国工作调查”显示,77%的受访者在过去一个月中经历过与工作有关的压力。57%的受访者因此产生了一系列负面影响,包括情绪耗竭(31%)、工作效率下降(20%)和感觉自己效率低下(18%)等。

根据Research and Markets的分析,到2025年,全球职场压力管理市场的规模预计将达到113亿美元。但由于罗德尔和她的团队认为以往的研究主要集中在职场压力对个人的影响,因此他们试图评估职场压力对他人的影响,以及他人会如何解读。

员工不愿意帮助吹嘘压力的同事

在研究的第一部分,360名参与者被要求对一位假想的同事进行评价,这位同事刚刚开完会,在这次会议上,他被评为上一年度的最佳绩效员工之一。在这一情景中,假想同事被问及会议进行得如何。研究参与者被随机分配到四种回答中的一种:

• 压力吹嘘组。 “嘿!很好。只是我又多了一份差事。而且我已经压力山大了......你根本不知道我的压力有多大。”

• 对照组。 “嘿!很好。又开完了一次会。但我也很高兴能回来。我听说明年的会议可能会在费城举行......那一定很酷。”

• 替代对照组:谈论压力。 “嘿!很好。只是我又多了一份差事。我想我压力太大了。最近的事情给我带来了很大压力。”

• 替代对照组:自我推销。 “嘿!很好。这个奖确实体现了我的成就。我充分准备材料,经常成功地完成工作”。

将压力吹嘘组与对照组进行比较后,研究人员发现,压力吹嘘组会对同事对其热情和能力的看法产生负面影响。此外,参与者在工作中帮助爱吹嘘压力的同事的可能性更低。

罗德尔表示:“人们以为这样做能让他们在同事面前看起来更优秀,但实际上会伤害自己。”

在替代对照组中,吹嘘压力的员工被认为,与甚少讨论压力的同事相比不讨人喜欢。他们感知的能力上的差异在统计学上并不显著。吹嘘压力的员工也被认为不如自我推销的员工称职。但吹嘘压力的人比自我推销者更讨人喜欢。

佐治亚大学特里商学院管理系教授杰西卡·罗德尔博士表示:“当有人不断谈论和吹嘘自己承受的压力时,会让人觉得有压力是件好事。”PEOPLEIMAGES VIA GETTY IMAGES

吹嘘压力会对同事产生“螺旋式传染效应”

研究的另一部分要求218人评估他们在现实生活中与工作压力吹嘘者打交道的经历,以及这对他们自身心理健康的影响。研究人员发现,吹嘘压力与听到这种吹嘘的同事压力增大并产生职业倦怠之间存在相关性。罗德尔说,这些结果很难说是良性的,而且会对工作环境产生更大的影响。

她说道:“当有人不断谈论和吹嘘自己承受的压力时,会让人觉得有压力是件好事。这只会影响到周围的同事。同事们最终会感觉压力更大,倦怠感加剧或者离职。可以把它想象成从一个人到另一个人的螺旋式传染效应。”

对于某些人来说,吹嘘压力可能是一种善意的发泄方式。罗德尔表示:“如果你真得感到压力很大,可以寻找合适的倾诉对象,与之分享和倾诉。”

然而,长期压力会导致从心脏病到失眠等各种生理和心理问题。Aircare Health公司联合创始人兼CEO贾克琳·温莱特上周在加利福尼亚州达纳岬举行的《财富》健康头脑风暴大会小组讨论中表示,在工作场所建立社区意识有助于识别同事是否陷入困境。

温莱特表示:“患有心理健康问题、诊断和疾病的人,往往无法主动寻求帮助。他们需要身边有一群人能理解他们的问题,以发现他们正在面临困境。当然,他们不可能在真空中做到这一点。”(财富中文网)

翻译:刘进龙

审校:汪皓

我们或多或少都经历过工作压力,有时与同事分享自己面临的压力,可以减轻你肩上的重担。但如果你一味地吹嘘自己承担的压力,把压力当作荣誉勋章,你的同事可能会认为你不仅不讨人喜欢,而且还不称职。

这是佐治亚大学特里商学院(University of Georgia Terry College of Business)一项最新研究的结论。此外,根据三月份发表在《人事心理学》(Personnel Psychology)杂志上的研究,所谓的“压力吹嘘”会加剧同事的职业倦怠。

这项研究的主要作者杰西卡·罗德尔博士在相关新闻稿中表示:“我们都见过这种行为,我们有时候可能也会犯这样的错误。我很好奇人们为什么会这样做,我想也许我们谈论自己的压力是因为我们想证明自己足够优秀。但我们发现这往往适得其反。”

压力有多种形式,这项研究特别将其视为 “当一个人感到自己的要求超过了自己的能力时的心理状态”。这是一个大问题。美国心理学会(American Psychological Association)的“2023年美国工作调查”显示,77%的受访者在过去一个月中经历过与工作有关的压力。57%的受访者因此产生了一系列负面影响,包括情绪耗竭(31%)、工作效率下降(20%)和感觉自己效率低下(18%)等。

根据Research and Markets的分析,到2025年,全球职场压力管理市场的规模预计将达到113亿美元。但由于罗德尔和她的团队认为以往的研究主要集中在职场压力对个人的影响,因此他们试图评估职场压力对他人的影响,以及他人会如何解读。

员工不愿意帮助吹嘘压力的同事

在研究的第一部分,360名参与者被要求对一位假想的同事进行评价,这位同事刚刚开完会,在这次会议上,他被评为上一年度的最佳绩效员工之一。在这一情景中,假想同事被问及会议进行得如何。研究参与者被随机分配到四种回答中的一种:

• 压力吹嘘组。 “嘿!很好。只是我又多了一份差事。而且我已经压力山大了......你根本不知道我的压力有多大。”

• 对照组。 “嘿!很好。又开完了一次会。但我也很高兴能回来。我听说明年的会议可能会在费城举行......那一定很酷。”

• 替代对照组:谈论压力。 “嘿!很好。只是我又多了一份差事。我想我压力太大了。最近的事情给我带来了很大压力。”

• 替代对照组:自我推销。 “嘿!很好。这个奖确实体现了我的成就。我充分准备材料,经常成功地完成工作”。

将压力吹嘘组与对照组进行比较后,研究人员发现,压力吹嘘组会对同事对其热情和能力的看法产生负面影响。此外,参与者在工作中帮助爱吹嘘压力的同事的可能性更低。

罗德尔表示:“人们以为这样做能让他们在同事面前看起来更优秀,但实际上会伤害自己。”

在替代对照组中,吹嘘压力的员工被认为,与甚少讨论压力的同事相比不讨人喜欢。他们感知的能力上的差异在统计学上并不显著。吹嘘压力的员工也被认为不如自我推销的员工称职。但吹嘘压力的人比自我推销者更讨人喜欢。

佐治亚大学特里商学院管理系教授杰西卡·罗德尔博士表示:“当有人不断谈论和吹嘘自己承受的压力时,会让人觉得有压力是件好事。”

吹嘘压力会对同事产生“螺旋式传染效应”

研究的另一部分要求218人评估他们在现实生活中与工作压力吹嘘者打交道的经历,以及这对他们自身心理健康的影响。研究人员发现,吹嘘压力与听到这种吹嘘的同事压力增大并产生职业倦怠之间存在相关性。罗德尔说,这些结果很难说是良性的,而且会对工作环境产生更大的影响。

她说道:“当有人不断谈论和吹嘘自己承受的压力时,会让人觉得有压力是件好事。这只会影响到周围的同事。同事们最终会感觉压力更大,倦怠感加剧或者离职。可以把它想象成从一个人到另一个人的螺旋式传染效应。”

对于某些人来说,吹嘘压力可能是一种善意的发泄方式。罗德尔表示:“如果你真得感到压力很大,可以寻找合适的倾诉对象,与之分享和倾诉。”

然而,长期压力会导致从心脏病到失眠等各种生理和心理问题。Aircare Health公司联合创始人兼CEO贾克琳·温莱特上周在加利福尼亚州达纳岬举行的《财富》健康头脑风暴大会小组讨论中表示,在工作场所建立社区意识有助于识别同事是否陷入困境。

温莱特表示:“患有心理健康问题、诊断和疾病的人,往往无法主动寻求帮助。他们需要身边有一群人能理解他们的问题,以发现他们正在面临困境。当然,他们不可能在真空中做到这一点。”(财富中文网)

翻译:刘进龙

审校:汪皓

We’ve all experienced stress in the workplace at one time or another, and sometimes commiserating with your colleagues can lift some of that weight off your shoulders. But when you consistently boast about your burdens, wearing stress as a badge of honor, your coworkers may view you as not only less likable but also less competent.

That’s according to new research from the University of Georgia Terry College of Business. In addition, so-called “stress bragging” can induce higher levels of burnout among coworkers on the receiving end of the boasting, per the study published in March in the journal Personnel Psychology.

“This is a behavior we’ve all seen, and we all might be guilty of at some point,” lead author Jessica Rodell, PhD, said in a news release about her research. “When I was wondering about why people do this, I thought maybe we are talking about our stress because we want to prove we’re good enough. We found out that often backfires.”

Stress comes in many forms; this study in particular examines it as “the psychological state when one feels that their demands exceed their capacity.” And it’s a major problem. The American Psychological Association’s 2023 Work in America Survey showed 77% of respondents experienced work-related stress in the past month. For 57%, this led to a range of negative impacts, from emotional exhaustion (31%) to lower productivity (20%) to feelings of being ineffective (18%).

By 2025, the market for global workplace stress management is expected to reach $11.3 billion, according to a Research and Markets analysis. But because Rodell and her team felt previous research focused on individual ramifications of workplace stress, they sought to assess how it affects and is interpreted by others.

Employees less inclined to help stress-bragging coworkers

In the first part of the study, 360 participants were asked to evaluate an imaginary coworker who had just returned from a conference at which they were recognized as one of the previous year’s top performers. In this scenario, the hypothetical coworker was asked how the conference went. Study participants were randomly assigned one of four responses:

• Stress bragging. “Hey! It was good. Just one more thing on my full plate. And I was already stressed to the max…you have no idea the stress that I am under.”

• Control. “Hey! It was good. It was just another conference. But I’m also glad to be back. I heard next year’s might be in Philly…that would be cool.”

• Alternative control: Talking about stress. “Hey! It was good. It was just one more thing on my plate. And I think I’m just stressed. Things have been quite stressful as of late.”

• Alternative control: Self-promotion. “Hey! It was good. This award really reflects my accomplishments. I prepare materials thoroughly and often succeed in bringing work assignments to a good end.”

When comparing the stress bragging group to the control group, researchers found perceived stress bragging negatively impacts people’s perceptions of their coworker’s warmth and competence. Furthermore, participants were less likely to say they’d help the stress-bragging colleague at work.

“People are harming themselves by doing this thing they think is going to make them look better to their colleagues,” Rodell said.

Concerning the alternative controls, employees who bragged about stress were viewed as less likable than those who merely discussed it. The difference between their perceived competency wasn’t statistically significant. Employees who bragged about stress were also seen as less competent than the self-promoters. However, the stress braggarts were viewed as more likable than the self-promoters.

“When somebody is constantly talking about and bragging about their stress, it makes it seem like it is a good thing to be stressed,” said Jessica Rodell, PhD, a professor in the Department of Management at the University of Georgia Terry College of Business.

Stress bragging has ‘spiraling contagious effect’ on coworkers

Another part of the study asked 218 people to assess their real-life experience with workplace stress braggarts and the impact it had on their own mental health. The researchers found a correlation between stress bragging and heightened stress and burnout on the receiving coworker. These results are hardly benign, Rodell said, and can have larger implications for the work environment.

“When somebody is constantly talking about and bragging about their stress, it makes it seem like it is a good thing to be stressed,” she said. “It just spills over onto the coworker next to them. They wind up feeling more stressed, which leads to higher burnout or withdrawal from their work. Think of it as this spiraling contagious effect from one person to the next.”

For some, stress bragging may be a well-intentioned way to blow off steam. “If you genuinely feel stressed, it’s OK to find the right confidant to share with and talk about it,” Rodell said.

Chronic stress, however, can lead to physical and psychological problems, from heart disease to insomnia. Building a sense of community at your workplace can help identify when a colleague is struggling, Jaclyn Wainwright, cofounder and CEO of Aircare Health, said last week during a panel discussion at Fortune’s Brainstorm Health conference in Dana Point, Calif.

“People who are suffering from mental health problems, diagnoses, disorders, they often have an inability to raise their hand and ask for help,” Wainwright said. “They almost require a group of people around them to understand that they are not OK, to recognize that they are struggling. And they certainly can’t have that happen in a vacuum.”

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