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美股历史上七宗最大的IPO

美股历史上七宗最大的IPO

Laura Lorenzetti 2014年10月27日
回顾美国股市史上规模最大的几宗IPO,有些上榜公司可能会刷新你的认知。

    今年,美国的首次公开募股(IPO)交易总规模创下了一个历史记录。迄今为止,本年度在美上市企业通过IPO共筹集了736亿美元,较2013年增长逾84%。

    在下列几桩庞大的IPO交易中,有一家公司[参见:阿里巴巴(Alibaba)]的IPO显然对以上数字构成了提振,但美国IPO市场的景气还是反映了整体市场的实力。今年第三季度IPO筹资规模高于自1999年末以来的任何一个季度。不仅如此,根据Renaissance Capital整理的数据显示,今年进行IPO的公司股价表现都不错,迄今较发行价平均上涨8.3%。

    虽然今年是新股发行表现突出的一年,但只有一家公司入围史上规模最大的IPO之列。整体而言,今年在美上市的企业通过IPO募集的资金规模不俗。比如说,阿里巴巴破纪录的250亿美元IPO超过第三季度其他所有公司的IPO总和。史上其他六个轰动一时的IPO交易最早可以追溯到1996年。

    以下为美国史上最大的七桩IPO交易。

    1. 阿里巴巴集团:250亿美元

    This year has been a record showing for initial public offerings in the U.S. Companies have raised $73.6 billion so far this year, a more than 84% gain from 2013.

    The figures are certainly helped along by one of the massive offerings below (see: Alibaba), but the boom nevertheless reflects the strength of the overall market. The third quarter saw the highest proceeds from IPOs of any quarter since the end of 1999. Not only that, this year’s offerings have performed well, returning an average 8.3% from their offer price, according to data compiled by Renaissance Capital.

    Even though this has been a standout year for new issues, it has featured only one of the biggest IPOs ever. On the whole, IPOs this year have raised much more modest sums. For example, Alibaba’s record-breaking $22 billion offering was larger than all the other IPOs combined during the third quarter. The other six blockbuster offerings stretch back as far as 1996.

    Here are the 7 biggest IPOs ever.

    1. Alibaba Group: $25 billion

    中国电子商务公司阿里巴巴集团的IPO2014年独占鳌头。该公司最初将其IPO价格定为每股68美元,以期筹集218亿美元。没想到在上市首日获得市场热烈追捧(开盘价较IPO发售价跃升36.3%),承销商纷纷行使超额配股权,最终使得阿里巴巴IPO融资规模升至250亿美元。这使其超过了中国农业银行243亿美元的IPO记录,问鼎全球有史以来最大的IPO。

    在上市首日飙升后,阿里巴巴集团股价表现平平,目前较9月18日首日上市以来累计下跌2.4%。

    Alibaba Group BABA 0.80% has been the headline leading IPO of 2014. The Chinese e-commerce company initially priced its shares at $68 a piece to raise $21.8 billion. After a huge first-day reception, when shares opened 36.3% higher than their offering price, the banks released their overallotment option, making Alibaba's final IPO total worth $25 billion. That makes it the world's biggest offer ever, a title previously held by Agricultural Bank of China's $24.3 billion IPO.

    The company's shares have not performed as well as the first-day pop. Alibaba's stock is down 2.4% since its Sept. 18 debut.

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