JP Mangalindan 2013年12月26日






    了解公司的架构同样很重要:是不是所有人都在一个地方工作,或者说是不是有一些员工是进行远程办公的?西姆斯解释说,一些公司,比如应用开发商37Signals或者问答网站StackExchange是由很多远程办公人员构成的。这些公司的企业文化往往有别于那些所有人集中在一起办公的公司【37Signals创始人杰森•弗里德曾就这个主题写出了《远程》(Remote )一书】。如此以来,在这样的环境中工作常常涉及大量的沟通,同时也要求擅长独立开展工作。

    企业文化是否允许失败?所有人都会犯错,但每家公司应对错误的方式不尽相同。一些规模较小的公司通过快速迭代获得成功。如果公司能够快速行动——硅谷企业家埃里克•莱斯曾在2011年出版的著作《精益创业》(The Lean Startup)一书中介绍过这种方法——那么只要你能汲取教训,改正错误,失败就是可以被接受的。但其他规模更大的公司通常拥有固定的发布日期,而且不允许产品代码中存在漏洞。西姆斯说:“了解生产和稳定性的标准指引着一件产品的创造流程。”



    So you've been hired as a software engineer. Congratulations.

    That was half the challenge. The other? Hitting the ground running from day one. Because whether you're coding from the plush comforts of Google's (GOOG) Mountain View headquarters, toiling at an early-stage San Francisco startup of 10, or plugging away elsewhere, the demand for software engineers is as high as it has ever been. If you excel at this job, who knows what opportunities will come your way for the next?

    Zach Sims, co-founder of the education startup Codecademy, offer several tips for ensuring that new job becomes a showcase for your talent.

    Set expectations early. Figure out which tools your employer relies on. Companies use technology stacks that often dictate how they work internally. Some, like MongoDB, help to develop open source technologies. And managing source code may happen via Bitbucket,GitHub, or a system like Subversion. Knowing these tools and how your team uses them is essential to functioning well on a team.

    It's also important to understand the company's structure: Does everyone work in one place, or do some employees work remotely? Some companies, including web app maker 37Signals or question-and-answer network StackExchange, are composed of lots of remote workers, explains Sims. These cultures tend to be different from those where everyone is located in the same office. (To wit, 37Signals founder Jason Fried penned the book Remote on the subject). As such, working in this kind of environment tends to require over-communication and being adept at working independently.

    Okay to fail? Everyone makes mistakes, but each company handles them differently. Some smaller companies iterate their way to success. If the company moves quickly, an approach Valley entrepreneur Eric Ries explained in the 2011 book The Lean Startup, failure is acceptable so long as you learn and can fix your mistakes. But other, larger companies usually have solid ship deadlines and can't permit bugs in production code. "Knowing the standard for production and stability guides how a product goes through the creation process," says Sims.

    Find a mentor. Rising stars within a company don't often impress without a mentor guiding them, and software engineers are no exception. Sims recommends finding someone inside the company or outside who clearly has more experience, but also is "just ahead of the curve from them" as opposed to some advanced wunderkind. Says Sims: "To design a learning process for a beginner, you need to remember and understand what it's like to not know everything."