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商业 - 科技

6类顶级黑客大盘点

Erika Fry 2013年03月04日

每年,黑客给企业和其他大型机构造成上千万美元的经济损失和生产力下降的后果。黑客防不胜防,其中又以本文介绍的六大类黑客破坏性最强。

    如果说互联网有一个永恒的主题的话,那就是总有某些人在某处被黑客以某种方式攻击了。上个月,针对银行发起的网络攻击再次成为头条新闻,受害者包括BB&T公司、花旗集团(Citigroup)和太阳信托银行(SunTrust)。不过最近由波尼蒙研究所(Ponemon Institute)所做的一项调研显示,各公司每周平均受到两次攻击,每年由于网络犯罪损失的金额高达890万美元。安全分析师称,企业首先要了解藏在暗处的到底是何种威胁。尽管许多黑客用的只是相对基础的工具,比如网络钓鱼或恶意软件,但他们运用这些工具的目的各有不同。下面我们为大家盘点了六类最有攻击力的黑客。

    If the Internet has one enduring constant, it's that somewhere, somehow, somebody is being hacked. Last month cyberassaults on banks, including BB&T (BBT, Fortune 500), Citigroup(C, Fortune 500), and SunTrust (STI, Fortune 500), made headlines. But a recent Ponemon Institute survey reported that the average company is attacked twice a week and loses $8.9 million a year to cybercrime. Security analysts say the first thing businesses must know is just what types of threats are lurking in the shadows. While many hackers use relatively basic tools, such as phishing or malware, they often wield them with different motives. Here are six of the most effective actors.

    政府撑腰的黑客

    身份:伊朗,以色列,俄罗斯,美国

    目的:情报,国家机密,破坏活动

    目标:外国政府,恐怖分子,各种产业

    特征:精心组织的破坏计算机系统的多层次攻击

    经典案例:受到震网病毒攻击后,伊朗核工厂五分之一的离心机崩溃了。它是一种蠕虫病毒,据称由美国和以色列情报机构开发,能侵入控制伊朗浓缩装置的电脑。而伊朗随后就发起了反击,使用户无法访问摩根大通银行(J.P.Morgan)、PNC银行,富国银行(Wells Fargo)及其他金融机构的网站。

    1. State sponsored

    Who: Iran, Israel, Russia, U.S.

    Objectives: Intelligence, state secrets, sabotage

    Targets: Foreign governments, terrorists, industry

    Signature: Multi-tiered, precisely orchestrated attacks that breach computer systems

    Classic Case: One-fifth of Iran's nuclear centrifuges crashed after Stuxnet, a worm reportedly developed by U.S. and Israeli intelligence, penetrated computers at an Iranian enrichment facility. Iran allegedly retaliated by disrupting access to the websites of J.P.Morgan (JPM, Fortune 500), PNC (PNC, Fortune 500), Wells Fargo (WFC, Fortune 500), and others.

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