亲爱的达拉斯老爹：您的问题很有意思。由于信息面试的目的是尽可能多地了解特定行业的情况，因此事先对这个行业知道的越多就越好。“所以，要调查那个行业的最新情况，也要了解与你会面的那个人的背景，”保罗•弗雷伯格说。他曾是麦肯锡公司（McKinsey）的顾问，现在经营着就业指导公司Shimmering Resumes，还著有《何时开始？：成功面试好上岗》（When Can You Start?: How to Ace the Interview and Win the Job）一书。
Dear Annie:I'm trying to change careers, hoping to apply my two decades of consumer-product marketing and branding experience to the health care field. I'm at the point where I'd like to set up some one-on-one meetings with networking contacts who are senior managers at health care companies, partly to see where they think my qualifications would fit in the industry, so I can focus my job hunt accordingly.
These are very busy people, so I want to make the most of whatever time they can give me. Coincidentally, my daughter, who is graduating this spring and wants to go into finance, is doing informational interviews with people in that field (on the advice of a career counselor at her college). We've come up with a short list of questions, but do you or your readers have any suggestions? Is there anything to avoid asking? -- Dallas Dad
Dear D.D.:Interesting question. Since your goal in an informational interview is to find out as much as you can about your chosen field, the more you already know about it, the better. "So be sure to research both the latest developments in the industry and the background of the person you're meeting," says Paul Freiberger, a former McKinsey consultant who now runs a career coaching firm called Shimmering Resumes and the author of When Can You Start?: How to Ace the Interview and Win the Job.
"Keep your questions open-ended," he adds. "Questions that can be answered with a simple yes or no are dead ends. In order to gain any real insight from it, you want the interview to expand into a working conversation between two people with shared interests. Open-ended questions push things in that direction."
Naturally, what you ask depends on what interests you most and will vary with each of your interviewees, but Freiberger suggests these queries as possible starting points:
Where do you see this industry (or profession) going in the next few years? What changes have you seen in the course of your career so far?
What specialized training or education is required to succeed in this field now? How has that changed?
Which skills have you found most helpful, and which ones will be most important in the future?
Could you describe your average workday and your key job responsibilities?
What are the best and worst things about working in this field today?
What resources help you keep up with the industry? Which trade or professional associations have you found most useful?
Has anything surprised you over the course of your career? What changes have you found most challenging?
Would you choose this field if you had it to do over again? Is there anything you would do differently?
What are the biggest technological changes influencing this business right now?
In what ways does your job affect your life outside work? How do you see work-life balance issues affecting colleagues?