当下，要想在毕业之后找到一份好工作，必须提早开始准备。华盛顿特区猎头公司Ready Set Launch的负责人贾恩·莱文认为：“求职应该从大学一年级的暑期实习开始。成功的实习经历是招聘经理最为关注的一点。”
其中，评价最高的实习计划包括贝恩公司（Bain & Company）、尼克罗迪恩动画工作室（Nickelodeon Animation Studios）、西南航空（Southwest Airlines）、高盛（Goldman Sachs）、西北互助人寿公司（Northwestern Mutual）和史密森尼学会（The Smithsonian Institute）。Vault.com副总裁塔拉·麦克弗雷称：“实习机会最好的地方就在于，它不限于任何特定行业或职业。不论是重量级的金融公司、颇有名望的职业服务公司、技术公司、剧院、博物馆、动物园、出版公司、非营利机构等等，机会无处不在。”
学校的就业服务办公室。听起来似乎是理所当然的事情，但意外的是，许多学生却忽略了这个资源。波士顿大学管理学院（Boston University's School of Management）本科生职业顾问黛博拉·费德里科说：“这里应该是你最先寻求帮助的地方。搞清楚他们有没有在线或打印形式的实习数据库。不仅是因为从这里求职的学生比实习工作求职网站相对要少得多，同时还因为在这里发布招聘的公司确实是打算在你的学校寻找合适的实习生。”
These days, landing a good job after graduation starts earlier than ever. "Your job hunt has to begin in your freshman year, with that first summer internship," says Jason Levin, head of Washington, D.C., executive coaching firm Ready Set Launch. "Success as an intern is the No. 1 thing hiring managers look for."
One way to find a place to shine next summer: Check out career site Vault.com's latest list of top internships, which profiles the best places for students to gain real-world experience, ranked by factors like networking opportunities, training, and past interns' satisfaction. The rankings also take into account great perks like free travel, housing, and gym memberships.
Among those offering the highest-rated programs are Bain & Company, Nickelodeon Animation Studios (VIA), Southwest Airlines (LUV), Goldman Sachs (GS), Northwestern Mutual, and the Smithsonian Institute. "The great thing about internships is that they aren't limited to any particular industry or role," notes Tara McCaffrey, a Vault.com vice president, "There are opportunities at finance heavy hitters, prestigious professional services firms, technology companies, theatres, museums, zoos, publishing companies, nonprofits, and everywhere in between."
The top-rated programs accept only a very limited number of candidates, so it's smart to cast a wide net and apply for as many internships as possible. Here's where else to start looking:
Your school's career services office. This might seem like a no-brainer, but a surprising number of students overlook it. "This should be your first stop," says Deborah Federico, an undergraduate career counselor at Boston University's School of Management. "Find out if they have either an online or print database of internships. Not only will the pool of applicants be relatively small, compared to internship search sites, but the companies posting openings are there because they want to find someone from your school."
Online internship databases. One of Federico's favorites is Simply Hired, because it lets aspiring interns search by geographical location. "You can also set up multiple searches, get daily email alerts with any internship that matches your search criteria, or sort your search by company name to zero in on internships at your favorite companies," she says.
Craigslist. "Yes, Craiglist!," says Federico. "Despite the many sketchy posts on the site, lots of my students have found very good internships there, particularly at smaller companies."
Your network of friends and relatives. "Many of my students have found great internships through neighbors, aunts, uncles, cousins, and best friends' parents," Federico says. Start by talking with them, and then branch out into contacting alumni of your college.