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拜登政府对全美大部分地区叫停“租客驱逐令”

拜登政府对全美大部分地区叫停“租客驱逐令”

JOSH BOAK, LISA MASCARO, JONATHAN LEMIRE, 美联社 2021年08月04日
人们曾指责拜登政府居然就这么一直放任“房客驱逐令”的存在。

周二,美国疾控中心(CDC)发布了一项新的禁令,叫停了“驱逐租客”的行为,期限将持续到 10 月 3 日。此前,人们曾指责拜登政府居然就这么一直放任“房客驱逐令”的存在,让无依无靠的租户们在大流行期间无家可归,拜登政府也因而想要平息人们愈发尖锐的批评。

由于新冠病毒的德尔塔变种已经扩散,各州发放联邦救济房租的进展又很缓慢,新的暂停令可能有助于让数百万人有容身之处。新的暂停令将适用于病毒传播“数量大、风险高”的郡县,暂时禁止这些地方的房东将租客驱逐出户,而这将覆盖美国90%人口居住的地区。

在美国最高法院决定“不予暂停房客驱逐令”后,拜登政府发布的这一新公告做出了与之相反的决定。尽管面临着法律上的不确定性,一些进步派的立法者依然选择采取新措施,这也是他们在推动白宫采取更多行动、以防止约360万美国人在疫情期间无家可归的努力中取得的一项新的胜利。

周二下午,美国总统拜登在白宫举行的新闻发布会上,简短宣布了新的“暂停驱逐租客”命令,并将相关责任交给了疾控中心。

“我希望能出台一项新的命令,暂停驱逐租客,”拜登告诉记者。

这一延期可能有助于弥合与自由派民主党议员之间的分歧,他们呼吁总统采取行政手段,让租客留在家中,因为新冠病毒的德尔塔变种正在蔓延,而先前“禁止驱逐租客”的命令已在上周末失效。

新的政策出台之前,拜登团队就曾采取了一系列行动,向民主党和国家保证,他们可以找到一种方法,通过联邦援助来控制由驱逐租客造成的潜在威胁。但大部分议员表示这还不够,拜登的压力也越来越大。

民主党众议员科里•布什 (Cori Bush) 一直在国会大厦外露营,这位新晋的女议员,当她还是一位年轻母亲的时候,曾住在自己的车里。她发起了一场激烈的抗议活动,敦促白宫阻止房东大规模驱逐租客。越来越多的民主党领导人加入了她的行列。

“5天来,我们一直在这里,要求我们的政府采取行动,救救我们的性命,”她在推特上写道。 “今天,我们的运动终于取得了成效。”

众议院议长南希•佩洛西表示,这是“大快人心”的一天。

“对于全美各地的无数家庭来说,眼下被驱逐、被赶到大街上的恐惧已经解除。社会伸出了援手!”佩洛西在一份声明中说。

政府官员此前曾表示,最高法院的一项裁决禁止他们在没有国会支持的情况下制定新的暂停令,并称,各州各市必须加快步伐、为即将被驱逐的租客提供近470亿美元的救济。

拜登总统表示,他征求了法律专家的意见,询问是否还有其他路子能解决这一问题,而得到的答复则众口不一,尽管有些人表示,“值得为此一试。”拜登还表示,他不想由自己来告诉疾控中心——在应对大流行方面发挥带头作用的公共卫生机构——应该怎么做。

“我希望疾控中心回去后可以考虑一下其他可能的选择,”他说。

美国疾控中心通过了一项法律授权,可以在新冠病毒感染率高、且出现大量新增病例的地区实施新的、和以往不同的“暂停驱逐租客”措施。

并且,拜登坚称联邦资金依然充足,约470亿美元的资金先前已被批准用于解决新冠危机,现在可以将其利用起来,以帮助困难中的租客和房东。

“资金已经到位。”拜登说。

白宫表示,国家和地方政府在资金利用方面进展缓慢,白宫正在督促他们提高效率。

8月3日,财政部长珍妮特•耶伦向众议院民主党人通报了正在进行的工作,以确保联邦住房援助能够惠及租户和房东。据知情人士表示,耶伦提供了数据,让议员们更好地了解他们所在的选区和州在发放救济品方面的表现。

另据一位不愿透露姓名人士表示,尽管议员们认为拜登应该自己采取行动,延长暂停驱逐令的期限,但耶伦还是试图鼓励民主党人合作起来。

这位人士表示,耶伦在电话中提到,她同意“大家应当调动资源”,还赞赏了民主党人的努力,以及她“彻底解决问题”的希望。

随着驱逐危机的加剧,白宫经常提及拜登正在法律的约束下尽其所能。拜登政府曾多次拒绝再次延长驱逐令,因为最高法院似乎可能会阻止这一决定。当最高法院以5票赞成、4票反对的结果允许驱逐禁令持续到7月底时,多数派法官布雷特•卡瓦诺写道,国会必须采取行动进一步延长禁令。

随着最初的驱逐令到期,拜登政府强调,许多美国民众将能够在已经批准用于援助及其他项目的资金支持下继续居住。白宫指出,州一级阻止驱逐的努力,将使美国三分之一的地区在下个月免于驱逐租客。

尽管如此,拜登仍面临着强烈的抨击,甚至部分来自于民主党。批评者认为,拜登在致力于结束“租客驱逐令”方面的进展过于缓慢,部分民众仍面临着相当紧急的无家可归的风险。

佩洛西曾说,大规模驱逐的前景“深不可测”。美国国会黑人核心小组(Congressional Black Caucus)、西班牙裔核心小组(Congressional Hispanic Caucus)和其他进步派议员都加大了对白宫的压力,要求立即延长法案的期限。

上周晚些时候,拜登宣布将允许该禁令到期,推动国会采取行动。但是,议员们无法迅速争取到选票,因为就连民主党人也质疑将驱逐令再延长几个月。

由于工作转变,许多工人失去了收入。作为应对新冠疫情的一部分,美国疾病控制与预防中心实施了最初的驱逐令,旨在阻止病毒在露宿街头和收容所的人群中传播。

民主党议员认为,他们对拜登“暂停驱逐令”的举措感到意外,这造成了内部的恐慌和愤怒,其与拜登政府之间暴露出罕见的裂痕。美国疾病控制与预防中心曾于6月底表示,或不会将驱逐令延长到7月底之后。

众议院金融服务委员会(Financial Services Committee)主席沃特斯几天来一直在私下与耶伦谈话,并敦促耶伦利用她的影响力,敦促各州将资金利用起来。但沃特斯也呼吁疾控中心自己采取行动。

在疾控中心于8月3日发布声明之后,沃特斯也发布了一则声明,感谢拜登“听取并鼓励疾控中心采取行动”。沃特斯表示,禁令的延长是数百万家庭一直在等待的“生命线”。(财富中文网)

编译:陈聪聪,杨二一

周二,美国疾控中心(CDC)发布了一项新的禁令,叫停了“驱逐租客”的行为,期限将持续到 10 月 3 日。此前,人们曾指责拜登政府居然就这么一直放任“房客驱逐令”的存在,让无依无靠的租户们在大流行期间无家可归,拜登政府也因而想要平息人们愈发尖锐的批评。

由于新冠病毒的德尔塔变种已经扩散,各州发放联邦救济房租的进展又很缓慢,新的暂停令可能有助于让数百万人有容身之处。新的暂停令将适用于病毒传播“数量大、风险高”的郡县,暂时禁止这些地方的房东将租客驱逐出户,而这将覆盖美国90%人口居住的地区。

在美国最高法院决定“不予暂停房客驱逐令”后,拜登政府发布的这一新公告做出了与之相反的决定。尽管面临着法律上的不确定性,一些进步派的立法者依然选择采取新措施,这也是他们在推动白宫采取更多行动、以防止约360万美国人在疫情期间无家可归的努力中取得的一项新的胜利。

周二下午,美国总统拜登在白宫举行的新闻发布会上,简短宣布了新的“暂停驱逐租客”命令,并将相关责任交给了疾控中心。

“我希望能出台一项新的命令,暂停驱逐租客,”拜登告诉记者。

这一延期可能有助于弥合与自由派民主党议员之间的分歧,他们呼吁总统采取行政手段,让租客留在家中,因为新冠病毒的德尔塔变种正在蔓延,而先前“禁止驱逐租客”的命令已在上周末失效。

新的政策出台之前,拜登团队就曾采取了一系列行动,向民主党和国家保证,他们可以找到一种方法,通过联邦援助来控制由驱逐租客造成的潜在威胁。但大部分议员表示这还不够,拜登的压力也越来越大。

民主党众议员科里•布什 (Cori Bush) 一直在国会大厦外露营,这位新晋的女议员,当她还是一位年轻母亲的时候,曾住在自己的车里。她发起了一场激烈的抗议活动,敦促白宫阻止房东大规模驱逐租客。越来越多的民主党领导人加入了她的行列。

“5天来,我们一直在这里,要求我们的政府采取行动,救救我们的性命,”她在推特上写道。 “今天,我们的运动终于取得了成效。”

众议院议长南希•佩洛西表示,这是“大快人心”的一天。

“对于全美各地的无数家庭来说,眼下被驱逐、被赶到大街上的恐惧已经解除。社会伸出了援手!”佩洛西在一份声明中说。

政府官员此前曾表示,最高法院的一项裁决禁止他们在没有国会支持的情况下制定新的暂停令,并称,各州各市必须加快步伐、为即将被驱逐的租客提供近470亿美元的救济。

拜登总统表示,他征求了法律专家的意见,询问是否还有其他路子能解决这一问题,而得到的答复则众口不一,尽管有些人表示,“值得为此一试。”拜登还表示,他不想由自己来告诉疾控中心——在应对大流行方面发挥带头作用的公共卫生机构——应该怎么做。

“我希望疾控中心回去后可以考虑一下其他可能的选择,”他说。

美国疾控中心通过了一项法律授权,可以在新冠病毒感染率高、且出现大量新增病例的地区实施新的、和以往不同的“暂停驱逐租客”措施。

并且,拜登坚称联邦资金依然充足,约470亿美元的资金先前已被批准用于解决新冠危机,现在可以将其利用起来,以帮助困难中的租客和房东。

“资金已经到位。”拜登说。

白宫表示,国家和地方政府在资金利用方面进展缓慢,白宫正在督促他们提高效率。

8月3日,财政部长珍妮特•耶伦向众议院民主党人通报了正在进行的工作,以确保联邦住房援助能够惠及租户和房东。据知情人士表示,耶伦提供了数据,让议员们更好地了解他们所在的选区和州在发放救济品方面的表现。

另据一位不愿透露姓名人士表示,尽管议员们认为拜登应该自己采取行动,延长暂停驱逐令的期限,但耶伦还是试图鼓励民主党人合作起来。

这位人士表示,耶伦在电话中提到,她同意“大家应当调动资源”,还赞赏了民主党人的努力,以及她“彻底解决问题”的希望。

随着驱逐危机的加剧,白宫经常提及拜登正在法律的约束下尽其所能。拜登政府曾多次拒绝再次延长驱逐令,因为最高法院似乎可能会阻止这一决定。当最高法院以5票赞成、4票反对的结果允许驱逐禁令持续到7月底时,多数派法官布雷特•卡瓦诺写道,国会必须采取行动进一步延长禁令。

随着最初的驱逐令到期,拜登政府强调,许多美国民众将能够在已经批准用于援助及其他项目的资金支持下继续居住。白宫指出,州一级阻止驱逐的努力,将使美国三分之一的地区在下个月免于驱逐租客。

尽管如此,拜登仍面临着强烈的抨击,甚至部分来自于民主党。批评者认为,拜登在致力于结束“租客驱逐令”方面的进展过于缓慢,部分民众仍面临着相当紧急的无家可归的风险。

佩洛西曾说,大规模驱逐的前景“深不可测”。美国国会黑人核心小组(Congressional Black Caucus)、西班牙裔核心小组(Congressional Hispanic Caucus)和其他进步派议员都加大了对白宫的压力,要求立即延长法案的期限。

上周晚些时候,拜登宣布将允许该禁令到期,推动国会采取行动。但是,议员们无法迅速争取到选票,因为就连民主党人也质疑将驱逐令再延长几个月。

由于工作转变,许多工人失去了收入。作为应对新冠疫情的一部分,美国疾病控制与预防中心实施了最初的驱逐令,旨在阻止病毒在露宿街头和收容所的人群中传播。

民主党议员认为,他们对拜登“暂停驱逐令”的举措感到意外,这造成了内部的恐慌和愤怒,其与拜登政府之间暴露出罕见的裂痕。美国疾病控制与预防中心曾于6月底表示,或不会将驱逐令延长到7月底之后。

众议院金融服务委员会(Financial Services Committee)主席沃特斯几天来一直在私下与耶伦谈话,并敦促耶伦利用她的影响力,敦促各州将资金利用起来。但沃特斯也呼吁疾控中心自己采取行动。

在疾控中心于8月3日发布声明之后,沃特斯也发布了一则声明,感谢拜登“听取并鼓励疾控中心采取行动”。沃特斯表示,禁令的延长是数百万家庭一直在等待的“生命线”。(财富中文网)

编译:陈聪聪,杨二一

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention on Tuesday issued a new moratorium on evictions that would last until October 3, as the Biden administration sought to quell intensifying criticism that it was allowing vulnerable renters to lose their homes during a pandemic.

The new moratorium could help keep millions in their homes as the coronavirus’ delta variant has spread and states have been slow to release federal rental aid. It would temporarily halt evictions in counties with “substantial and high levels” of virus transmissions and would cover areas where 90% of the U.S. population lives.

The announcement was something of a reversal for the Biden administration after saying that a Supreme Court ruling prevented a moratorium. But the choice to impose a new measure in the face of legal uncertainty was also a win for the progressive lawmakers who pushed the White House to do more to prevent some 3.6 million Americans from losing their homes during the COVID-19 crisis.

President Joe Biden stopped short Tuesday afternoon of announcing the new ban on evictions during a press conference at the White House, ceding the responsibility to the CDC.

“My hope is it’s going to be a new moratorium,” Biden told reporters.

The extension could help heal a rift with liberal Democratic lawmakers who were calling on the president to take executive action to keep renters in their homes as the delta variant of the coronavirus spread and a prior moratorium lapsed over the weekend.

The new policy came amid a scramble of actions by the Biden team to reassure Democrats and the country that it could find a way to limit the damage from potential evictions through the use of federal aid. But pressure mounted as key lawmakers said it was not enough.

Top Democratic leaders joined Rep. Cori Bush, D-Mo., who has been camped outside the U.S. Capitol, the freshman congresswoman who once lived in her car as a young mother, leading a passionate protest urging the White House to prevent widespread evictions.

“For 5 days, we’ve been out here, demanding that our government acts to save lives,” she tweeted. “Today, our movement moved mountains.”

House Speaker Nancy Pelosi said it was a day of "extraordinary relief.”

“The imminent fear of eviction and being put out on the street has been lifted for countless families across America. Help is Here!” Pelosi said in a statement.

Administration officials had previously said a Supreme Court ruling stopped them from setting up a new moratorium without congressional backing, saying states and cities must be more aggressive in releasing nearly $47 billion in relief for renters on the verge of eviction.

The president said he sought input from legal scholars about whether there were options and said the advice was mixed, though some suggested, "It’s worth the effort." Biden also said he didn't want to tell the CDC, which has taken the public health lead in responding to the pandemic, what to do.

“I asked the CDC to go back and consider other options that may be available,” he said.

The CDC has identified a legal authority for a new and different moratorium for areas with high and substantial increases in COVID-19 infections.

Biden also insisted there is federal money available — some $47 billion previously approved during the COVID-19 crisis — that needs to get out the door to help renters and landlords.

“The money is there,” Biden said.

The White House has said state and local governments have been slow to push out that federal money and is pressing them to do so swiftly.

Treasury Secretary Janet Yellen briefed House Democrats Tuesday about the work underway to ensure the federal housing aid makes it to renters and landlords. She provided data so that lawmakers could see how their districts and states are performing with distributing the relief, according to a person on the call.

The treasury secretary tried to encourage Democrats to work together, even as lawmakers said Biden should act on his own to extend the eviction moratorium, according to someone on the private call who insisted on anonymity to discuss its contents.

Yellen said on the call, according to this person, that she agrees "we need to bring every resource to bear” and that she appreciated the Democrats' efforts and wants "to leave no stone unturned.”

As the eviction crisis mounted, the White House frequently said Biden was doing all he could under legal constraints. The administration had repeatedly resisted another extension because the Supreme Court appears likely to block it. When the court allowed the eviction ban to remain in place through the end of July by a 5-4 vote, one justice in the majority, Brett Kavanaugh, wrote that Congress would have to act to extend it further.

As the initial moratorium expired, the administration emphasized many Americans will be able to stay housed with money already approved for aid and other efforts underway. The White House noted that state-level efforts to stop evictions would spare a third of the country from evictions over the next month.

Still, Biden faced stinging criticism, including from some in his own party, that he was was slow to address the end of the moratorium. Some people were at immediate risk of losing their homes.

Pelosi had called the prospect of widespread evictions “unfathomable.” The Congressional Black Caucus, the Congressional Hispanic Caucus and other progressive lawmakers intensified pressure on the White House to issue an immediate extension.

Late last week, Biden announced he was allowing the ban to expire, pushing Congress to act, but lawmakers were unable to swiftly rally the votes as even Democrats questioned prolonging the eviction ban for a few more months.

The CDC put the initial eviction ban in place as part of the COVID-19 response when jobs shifted and many workers lost income. The ban was intended to hold back the spread of the virus among people put out on the streets and into shelters.

Democratic lawmakers said they were caught by surprise by Biden’s decision to end the moratorium, creating frustration and anger and exposing a rare rift with the administration. The CDC indicated in late June that it probably wouldn't extend the eviction ban beyond the end of July.

Rep. Maxine Waters, the powerful chair of the Financial Services Committee, has been talking privately for days with Yellen and urged the treasury secretary to use her influence to prod states to push the money out the door. But Waters also called on the CDC to act on its own.

After the CDC's announcement Tuesday, Waters released a statement thanking Biden “for listening and for encouraging the CDC to act! This extension of the moratorium is the lifeline that millions of families have been waiting for."

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