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美国的新冠疫苗接种者将会获得“免疫护照”

美国的新冠疫苗接种者将会获得“免疫护照”

David.Z.Morris 2021年01月02日
理论上,持有免疫证件人群可以自由出入高风险场合。

国洛杉矶当地正在与健康信息平台Healthvana合作,新冠疫苗接种者可以在该平台上获取其接种跟踪服务。在完成第一剂接种后,患者便会收到平台的随访提醒,再次择期接种第二剂。目前美国可供接种的疫苗有辉瑞和Moderna两种。

Healthvana表示,接种者还可以通过该平台获取自己的“免疫护照”。这种证件类似于疫苗通行证,随着疫苗接种工作大范围铺开,各类传播风险较高的公共场合也可以根据人群免疫情况采取相应措施。

目前洛杉矶的疫情风险已达最高级。一般情况下,接种者在首次注射完成后会拿到一张纸质提醒卡,并由医疗机构保存其接种记录,但洛杉矶县官员告诉彭博社,现有的医疗管理条件并无能力同时追踪数百万患者的接种情况,也无法即时提醒患者补种第二剂。因此,Healthvana这样的电子健康信息平台就能起到重要的补充作用。

美国现时批准紧急使用两种疫苗只有在第二次注射后才能完全有效。根据早前同类型多剂量疫苗接种情况研究,相当大比例的接种者,尤其是老年人、残疾人及少数人种,均没有自行接种后续所需剂量。根据美国卫生局预测,要想控制疫情,全美有效接种率必须达到80%,如果不能有效接种,则其疫情防治也会大打折扣。

通过Healthvana平台,每位接种者都可获得一个特定电子序列,该序列可以被导入Apple Wallet这类系统中。目前可被Apple Wallet认证且存储的信息包括学生证件号、航空公司登机牌,以及活动门票等等。

理论上,持有免疫证件人群可以自由出入高风险场合。Healthvana表示该公司正在于各类机构讨论后续的具体实践,但尚没有官方机构或是相关国家政策就该情况作出说明,各私营部门也还没有达成普遍共识。(财富中文网)

编译:陈怡轩

美国洛杉矶当地正在与健康信息平台Healthvana合作,新冠疫苗接种者可以在该平台上获取其接种跟踪服务。在完成第一剂接种后,患者便会收到平台的随访提醒,再次择期接种第二剂。目前美国可供接种的疫苗有辉瑞和Moderna两种。

Healthvana表示,接种者还可以通过该平台获取自己的“免疫护照”。这种证件类似于疫苗通行证,随着疫苗接种工作大范围铺开,各类传播风险较高的公共场合也可以根据人群免疫情况采取相应措施。

目前洛杉矶的疫情风险已达最高级。一般情况下,接种者在首次注射完成后会拿到一张纸质提醒卡,并由医疗机构保存其接种记录,但洛杉矶县官员告诉彭博社,现有的医疗管理条件并无能力同时追踪数百万患者的接种情况,也无法即时提醒患者补种第二剂。因此,Healthvana这样的电子健康信息平台就能起到重要的补充作用。

美国现时批准紧急使用两种疫苗只有在第二次注射后才能完全有效。根据早前同类型多剂量疫苗接种情况研究,相当大比例的接种者,尤其是老年人、残疾人及少数人种,均没有自行接种后续所需剂量。根据美国卫生局预测,要想控制疫情,全美有效接种率必须达到80%,如果不能有效接种,则其疫情防治也会大打折扣。

通过Healthvana平台,每位接种者都可获得一个特定电子序列,该序列可以被导入Apple Wallet这类系统中。目前可被Apple Wallet认证且存储的信息包括学生证件号、航空公司登机牌,以及活动门票等等。

理论上,持有免疫证件人群可以自由出入高风险场合。Healthvana表示该公司正在于各类机构讨论后续的具体实践,但尚没有官方机构或是相关国家政策就该情况作出说明,各私营部门也还没有达成普遍共识。(财富中文网)

编译:陈怡轩

Patient health information platform Healthvana has partnered with Los Angeles County to provide COVID-19 vaccination tracking to recipients. Primarily, the system will send patients follow-up reminders to return for the required second dose of the Pfizer-BioNTech or Moderna vaccines.

But Healthvana also says its records create a verifiable proof of vaccination. That proof, sometimes discussed as a "vaccine passport," could allow safer protocols for public gatherings or other settings where transmission risk is high as the vaccine becomes more widely available.

In Los Angeles, where the spread of the novel coronavirus has reached crisis levels, the Healthvana records will supplement paper reminder cards given to recipients of a first vaccine dose. Though vaccine records are also kept by medical facilities, county officials tell Bloomberg that medical administrators don’t have the capacity to track the timing of millions of necessary follow-up doses and inform patients directly.

That matters because the two COVID-19 vaccines currently approved for emergency use in the U.S. are only fully effective after a second dose. Studies based on other multi-dose vaccines show that a large proportion of patients, particularly the elderly, disabled, and members of minority groups, do not return for a second dose. That could slow the progress to the vaccination threshold of roughly 80% that health authorities say is needed to control the pandemic in the U.S.

The Healthvana system also creates proof of a completed vaccination sequence that can be stored digitally in an Apple Wallet or similar systems. Those systems already provide authenticated and secure storage of official records such as student IDs, airline boarding passes, and event tickets.

Secure digital vaccine records could in theory be used to safely allow access to places or activities, such as airlines or public events, where there is a high risk of coronavirus transmission. Healthvana says it is in discussions with such facilities about using its certifications for that purpose. However, there is currently no official state or national U.S. policy—or broad private-sector consensus—about how such a system might work.

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