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《愤怒》:一本关于特朗普的新书

《愤怒》:一本关于特朗普的新书

Rey Mashayekhi 2020年09月14日
11月的美国总统大选当前,这本新书显得相当抢眼。

《愤怒》是记者鲍勃•伍德沃德的新书。他已经出版了13本畅销作品,其中包括《恐惧:特朗普在白宫》。图片来源:COURTESY OF SIMON & SCHUSTER

鲍勃•伍德沃德又出手了。这位传奇记者曾经与《华盛顿邮报》(Washington Post)的前同事卡尔•伯恩斯坦一起披露了导致美国前总统尼克松下台的水门事件,此后又有多部记录总统施政活动的作品。近日,他关于特朗普执政期的第二本书《愤怒》(Rage)即将问世。第一本《恐惧:特朗普在白宫》(Fear: Trump in the White House)已于2018年出版。

11月大选当前,这本新书显得相当抢眼,书中披露的内容有可能影响公众对这名总统的看法。

《愤怒》将于9月15日出版,涉及伍德沃德对特朗普总统18次采访的细节,以及与政府官员的对话,既精彩又独特。该书的部分内容已经先行曝光,其中包括特朗普在处理新冠肺炎疫情问题上的惊人回应、他对种族关系和美国军方高层的看法、他与朝鲜领导人金正恩的关系细节,以及前政府高官对特朗普执政的严厉抨击。

以下是一些已经登上新闻头条的内容。

特朗普有意淡化新冠病毒的危险

《愤怒》节选中最令人愤怒的片段或许是特朗普承认,他当时试图尽可能淡化迅速传播的病毒危险,而这种疾病迄今已经导致近20万美国人死亡。

“我始终想低调处理。”特朗普在3月19日对伍德沃德说。在此数周前,他曾经对记者表示,新冠病毒最终“会奇迹般地消失”。

无论总统对公众是怎么说的,伍德沃德的书清楚地揭示了一个事实,即:特朗普对这种传染性强、通过空气传播的疾病有充分的了解,并且意识到了它带来的威胁。在1月下旬的一次最高机密通报会上,国家安全顾问罗伯特•C.•奥布莱恩告诉特朗普,新冠病毒将是“你总统任期内面临的最大的国家安全威胁”。

特朗普在2月7日向伍德沃德承认,此病毒“比严重流感更致命”。“这是个要命的东西。”他当时对伍德沃德说。而与此同时,他却公开宣称新冠病毒的危害并不比季节性流感更大。

此外,尽管特朗普知道这种“通过空气传播”的潜在致命病毒的危险,却对请求他推广使用口罩的呼声置若罔闻,而且直到3月初仍然在召开竞选集会。

特朗普未能意识到白人特权问题和美国黑人的困境

乔治•弗洛伊德遇害事件引发了人们对警察暴力和种族公平问题的反思,全美掀起了自20世纪60年代以来最大规模的抗议活动。6月19日,伍德沃德就白人特权问题向特朗普提问。这两名白人男性是同一代人,生来享受特权,想必特朗普能够意识到自身的优势,知道“理解黑人的痛苦和愤怒”的必要性。

然而特朗普对伍德沃德答道:“噢不,你不会真的信那一套吧?瞧你说的。哇。不,我根本没有那种感觉。”

特朗普接着提到了黑人失业率等经济指标,并重申,他为黑人做的事比自亚伯拉罕•林肯以来的任何一位总统都多。在后来的一次交谈中,他告诉伍德沃德:“我为黑人群体做了很多事情。但说实话,我感觉不到一点爱。”

特朗普对“该死的将军们”恶言相加,而高级官员们也对总统有所保留

以三军统帅身份批评军方领导层,这名总统欠斟酌。

据伍德沃德说,特朗普曾经对白宫贸易顾问彼得•纳瓦罗抱怨:“别提我那帮该死的将军们了,一群婊子。比起贸易协定,他们更关心他们的联盟。”这番话无疑罔顾了美国军方无权过问贸易谈判的事实。

伍德沃德提到,国防部前部长、退役将军吉姆•马蒂斯和国家情报局前局长丹•科茨对此甚为不满。有报道称,马蒂斯在前往华盛顿国家大教堂为特朗普领导下的国家命运祈祷时对科茨说:“或许有那么一天,我们不得不采取集体行动”,以对抗“危险的、不称职的、毫无道德观念的”总统。

报道还称,科茨同意马蒂斯的看法,并表示:“在[特朗普]看来,谎言不是谎言。他就是这么想的。他不知道真相与谎言有什么区别。”特朗普对俄罗斯的顺从也让科茨感到困惑,据悉,他“很怀疑”特朗普有什么把柄抓在弗拉基米尔•普京手里。

书中还提到了安东尼•福奇博士。身为指导政府应对新冠病毒的顶级传染病专家,他的建议却常常受制于政府的举措。据说,福奇称特朗普的领导“毫无章法”,他的注意力持续时间“为负”,并补充说:“[特朗普]唯一的目标是获得连任。”

尽管特朗普和金正恩在2017年时差点开战,但两人已经互通了20多封信函

伍德沃德深入报道了这名美国总统与朝鲜领导人出乎寻常的关系。特朗普曾经嘲笑金正恩是“小火箭人”,但两人后来言归于好,这一点,从特朗普任期内他们交换的27封信函可见一斑。

伍德沃德说,两国领导人的信函里满纸奉承,金正恩多次称呼特朗普为“阁下”,称赞他是“强大而卓越的政治家”。金正恩还写道,两人的历史性会晤是一段“珍贵的记忆”,建立了“彼此间深厚而特殊的友谊”。

这番恭维显然奏效了。特朗普向伍德沃德吹嘘金正恩对他的尊重,说这名朝鲜领导人“极具才智”。谈到外界因为他与金正恩的关系而担心他会做出过多让步,特朗普不屑一顾。他对伍德沃德说,中央情报局“不懂”如何处理朝鲜问题。

尽管如此,两国间的关系已经相当紧张,以至于触发了美国政府中部分人对美朝武装冲突的实质性担忧。在讨论这个话题时,特朗普透露了新近研制的迄今尚未公开的武器系统。

“我建立了一套我国从未有过的核武器系统。”他告诉伍德沃德。“我们有你见所未见、为所未闻的东西。我们有普京和习近平从来没听说过的东西。”伍德沃德说,他后来证实,新秘密核武系统的确存在,但无法获得更多细节。

贾里德•库什纳表示,理解特朗普任期的关键是《爱丽丝漫游仙境》

库什纳是特朗普总统的女婿,也是幕僚中最有影响力的人,被《愤怒》多次引述。伍德沃德在书里引用库什纳的话说,刘易斯•卡罗尔创作于19世纪、并于1951年改编成迪斯尼动画电影的经典奇幻小说《爱丽丝漫游仙境》(Alice in Wonderland)是理解特朗普及其总统任期的重要文本。

库什纳特别阐释了柴郡猫,认为通过这个角色可以很好地理解政府杂乱无章的机械化运作。“如果你不知道自己要去哪里,那么随便哪条路都能达到目的地。”(财富中文网)

译者:胡萌琦

鲍勃•伍德沃德又出手了。这位传奇记者曾经与《华盛顿邮报》(Washington Post)的前同事卡尔•伯恩斯坦一起披露了导致美国前总统尼克松下台的水门事件,此后又有多部记录总统施政活动的作品。近日,他关于特朗普执政期的第二本书《愤怒》(Rage)即将问世。第一本《恐惧:特朗普在白宫》(Fear: Trump in the White House)已于2018年出版。

11月大选当前,这本新书显得相当抢眼,书中披露的内容有可能影响公众对这名总统的看法。

《愤怒》将于9月15日出版,涉及伍德沃德对特朗普总统18次采访的细节,以及与政府官员的对话,既精彩又独特。该书的部分内容已经先行曝光,其中包括特朗普在处理新冠肺炎疫情问题上的惊人回应、他对种族关系和美国军方高层的看法、他与朝鲜领导人金正恩的关系细节,以及前政府高官对特朗普执政的严厉抨击。

以下是一些已经登上新闻头条的内容。

特朗普有意淡化新冠病毒的危险

《愤怒》节选中最令人愤怒的片段或许是特朗普承认,他当时试图尽可能淡化迅速传播的病毒危险,而这种疾病迄今已经导致近20万美国人死亡。

“我始终想低调处理。”特朗普在3月19日对伍德沃德说。在此数周前,他曾经对记者表示,新冠病毒最终“会奇迹般地消失”。

无论总统对公众是怎么说的,伍德沃德的书清楚地揭示了一个事实,即:特朗普对这种传染性强、通过空气传播的疾病有充分的了解,并且意识到了它带来的威胁。在1月下旬的一次最高机密通报会上,国家安全顾问罗伯特•C.•奥布莱恩告诉特朗普,新冠病毒将是“你总统任期内面临的最大的国家安全威胁”。

特朗普在2月7日向伍德沃德承认,此病毒“比严重流感更致命”。“这是个要命的东西。”他当时对伍德沃德说。而与此同时,他却公开宣称新冠病毒的危害并不比季节性流感更大。

此外,尽管特朗普知道这种“通过空气传播”的潜在致命病毒的危险,却对请求他推广使用口罩的呼声置若罔闻,而且直到3月初仍然在召开竞选集会。

特朗普未能意识到白人特权问题和美国黑人的困境

乔治•弗洛伊德遇害事件引发了人们对警察暴力和种族公平问题的反思,全美掀起了自20世纪60年代以来最大规模的抗议活动。6月19日,伍德沃德就白人特权问题向特朗普提问。这两名白人男性是同一代人,生来享受特权,想必特朗普能够意识到自身的优势,知道“理解黑人的痛苦和愤怒”的必要性。

然而特朗普对伍德沃德答道:“噢不,你不会真的信那一套吧?瞧你说的。哇。不,我根本没有那种感觉。”

特朗普接着提到了黑人失业率等经济指标,并重申,他为黑人做的事比自亚伯拉罕•林肯以来的任何一位总统都多。在后来的一次交谈中,他告诉伍德沃德:“我为黑人群体做了很多事情。但说实话,我感觉不到一点爱。”

特朗普对“该死的将军们”恶言相加,而高级官员们也对总统有所保留

以三军统帅身份批评军方领导层,这名总统欠斟酌。

据伍德沃德说,特朗普曾经对白宫贸易顾问彼得•纳瓦罗抱怨:“别提我那帮该死的将军们了,一群婊子。比起贸易协定,他们更关心他们的联盟。”这番话无疑罔顾了美国军方无权过问贸易谈判的事实。

伍德沃德提到,国防部前部长、退役将军吉姆•马蒂斯和国家情报局前局长丹•科茨对此甚为不满。有报道称,马蒂斯在前往华盛顿国家大教堂为特朗普领导下的国家命运祈祷时对科茨说:“或许有那么一天,我们不得不采取集体行动”,以对抗“危险的、不称职的、毫无道德观念的”总统。

报道还称,科茨同意马蒂斯的看法,并表示:“在[特朗普]看来,谎言不是谎言。他就是这么想的。他不知道真相与谎言有什么区别。”特朗普对俄罗斯的顺从也让科茨感到困惑,据悉,他“很怀疑”特朗普有什么把柄抓在弗拉基米尔•普京手里。

书中还提到了安东尼•福奇博士。身为指导政府应对新冠病毒的顶级传染病专家,他的建议却常常受制于政府的举措。据说,福奇称特朗普的领导“毫无章法”,他的注意力持续时间“为负”,并补充说:“[特朗普]唯一的目标是获得连任。”

尽管特朗普和金正恩在2017年时差点开战,但两人已经互通了20多封信函

伍德沃德深入报道了这名美国总统与朝鲜领导人出乎寻常的关系。特朗普曾经嘲笑金正恩是“小火箭人”,但两人后来言归于好,这一点,从特朗普任期内他们交换的27封信函可见一斑。

伍德沃德说,两国领导人的信函里满纸奉承,金正恩多次称呼特朗普为“阁下”,称赞他是“强大而卓越的政治家”。金正恩还写道,两人的历史性会晤是一段“珍贵的记忆”,建立了“彼此间深厚而特殊的友谊”。

这番恭维显然奏效了。特朗普向伍德沃德吹嘘金正恩对他的尊重,说这名朝鲜领导人“极具才智”。谈到外界因为他与金正恩的关系而担心他会做出过多让步,特朗普不屑一顾。他对伍德沃德说,中央情报局“不懂”如何处理朝鲜问题。

尽管如此,两国间的关系已经相当紧张,以至于触发了美国政府中部分人对美朝武装冲突的实质性担忧。在讨论这个话题时,特朗普透露了新近研制的迄今尚未公开的武器系统。

“我建立了一套我国从未有过的核武器系统。”他告诉伍德沃德。“我们有你见所未见、为所未闻的东西。我们有普京和习近平从来没听说过的东西。”伍德沃德说,他后来证实,新秘密核武系统的确存在,但无法获得更多细节。

贾里德•库什纳表示,理解特朗普任期的关键是《爱丽丝漫游仙境》

库什纳是特朗普总统的女婿,也是幕僚中最有影响力的人,被《愤怒》多次引述。伍德沃德在书里引用库什纳的话说,刘易斯•卡罗尔创作于19世纪、并于1951年改编成迪斯尼动画电影的经典奇幻小说《爱丽丝漫游仙境》(Alice in Wonderland)是理解特朗普及其总统任期的重要文本。

库什纳特别阐释了柴郡猫,认为通过这个角色可以很好地理解政府杂乱无章的机械化运作。“如果你不知道自己要去哪里,那么随便哪条路都能达到目的地。”(财富中文网)

译者:胡萌琦

Bob Woodward has done it again. The legendary journalist who (along with former Washington Post colleague Carl Bernstein) broke the Watergate scandal that brought down the Nixon presidency—and has since become a prolific author of books documenting presidential administrations—is set to release Rage, his second volume on the Trump White House. (The first, Fear: Trump in the White House, was published in 2018.)

And this one looks to be a doozy—with revelations that could potentially influence public opinion of the president ahead of November’s election.

Excerpts from Rage have emerged today ahead of the book’s publication on Sept. 15, and they offer fascinating—and, in some cases, extraordinary—details from 18 interviews that Woodward conducted with the President, as well as conversations with administration sources. Among the revelations to emerge include a startling admission from Trump about his handling of the coronavirus pandemic, his thoughts on race relations and America’s military leadership, details about his relationship with North Korean dictator Kim Jong-un, and damning observations from former high-ranking administration officials about the Trump presidency.

Here’s some of the reportage that is already making headlines.

Trump knowingly downplayed the threat posed by COVID-19

Perhaps the most inflammatory piece of news to emerge from the Rage excepts is Trump’s admission that he willingly tried to minimize the danger posed by the then-rapidly spreading coronavirus—a disease that has since gone on to kill nearly 200,000 Americans.

“I wanted to always play it down,” Trump told Woodward on March 19, mere weeks after he told reporters that the COVID-19 was eventually “going to disappear... like a miracle.”

Whatever the president was telling the public, Woodward’s book makes apparent the fact that he was fully briefed and aware of the threat presented by the highly infectious, airborne disease. At a top secret intelligence briefing in late January, national security adviser Robert C. O’Brien told Trump that COVID-19 would “be the biggest national security threat you face in your presidency.”

Trump acknowledged as much to Woodward on Feb. 7, describing the virus as “more deadly than even your strenuous flu”—even while he publicly declared COVID-19 as no more harmful than the seasonal flu. “This is deadly stuff,” he told Woodward at the time.

Still, despite recognizing the danger of a potentially lethal virus that “goes through the air,” Trump continued to evade calls for him to promote the use of face masks, and kept holding campaign rallies as late as early March.

Trump fails to acknowledge white privilege and the plight of Black Americans

On June 19—with the nation in the midst of the largest protest movement since the 1960s, and facing a reckoning on police violence and racial justice in the wake of the killing of George Floyd—Woodward asked Trump about white privilege. As white men of the same generation, both with privileged upbringings, surely Trump could understand his advantages and the need to “understand the pain and anger” felt by Black people.

“No,” Trump replied to Woodward. “You really drank the Kool-Aid, didn’t you? Just listen to you. Wow. No, I don’t feel that at all.”

Trump went on to note economic metrics, such as the unemployment rate among Blacks, in reiterating that he has done more for Black people than any president since Abraham Lincoln. In a later conversation, he told Woodward: “I’ve done a tremendous amount for the Black community. And honestly, I’m not feeling any love.”

Trump describes his 'f—ing generals' in lewd fashion, while top officials had their own reservations about the President

The president does not parse words in criticizing a military leadership that serves under him as commander-in-chief.

“Not to mention my fucking generals are a bunch of pussies,” Trump once told White House trade adviser Peter Navarro, according to Woodward. “They care more about their alliances than they do about trade deals.” This despite the fact that trade negotiations, of course, are outside the purview of the U.S. military.

The exasperation, according to Woodward, was mutual among the likes of former defense secretary and retired general Jim Mattis and former director of national intelligence Dan Coats. Such were Mattis’s concerns that he reportedly visited Washington National Cathedral to pray for the nation’s fate under Trump’s leadership, while also telling Coats: “There may come a time when we have to take collective action” against a “dangerous” and “unfit” president who “has no moral compass.”

Coats, likewise, reportedly agreed with Mattis, saying: “To [Trump], a lie is not a lie. It’s just what he thinks. He doesn’t know the difference between the truth and a lie.” And so perplexed was Coats about Trump’s deference to Russia, that he reportedly had “deep suspicions” that Vladimir Putin “had something” on the President.

Also quoted in the book is Dr. Anthony Fauci, who has seen his recommendations as the top infectious disease expert guiding the government’s response to COVID-19 constantly undercut by the administration’s actions. Fauci reportedly described Trump’s leadership as “rudderless” and his attention span as “like a minus number,” adding: “[Trump]’s sole purpose is to get reelected.”

Trump and Kim Jong-un have exchanged more than two dozen letters—despite nearly going to war with each other in 2017

Woodward reports extensively about President’s unorthodox relationship with the North Korean dictator, whom he once derided as “little rocket man.” But the pair have since patched things up—as evidenced by the 27 letters they have exchanged over the course of Trump’s presidency.

Woodward reports that the letters are filled with flattering language between the two leaders, with Kim repeatedly calling Trump “Your Excellency” and describing him as a “a powerful and preeminent statesman.” Kim also wrote of the pair’s historic meetings as a “precious memory” that established a “deep and special friendship between us.”

The flattery apparently worked, as Trump boasted to Woodward of Kim’s deference to him and described the North Korean dictator as “far beyond smart.” Trump also brushed off concerns that he had ceded too much leverage to Kim as a result of their relationship, telling Woodward that the CIA has “no idea” how to handle North Korea.

Still, tensions between the two countries rose to the point that there were genuine concerns among some in the administration about an armed conflict between the U.S. and North Korea. And in discussing those tensions, Trump apparently spilled the beans on a heretofore undisclosed, newly developed weapons system.

“I have built a nuclear—a weapons system that nobody’s ever had in this country before,” he told Woodward. “We have stuff that you haven’t even seen or heard about. We have stuff that Putin and Xi have never heard about.” Woodward says he was subsequently able to confirm the existence of that secret new weapons system, but was unable to procure additional details.

Alice in Wonderland is the key to understanding the Trump presidency, according to Jared Kushner

Kushner, the president’s son-in-law and one of the most influential figures inside his administration, is said to be quoted extensively in Rage. In the book, Woodward quotes Kushner as pointing to Alice in Wonderland—Lewis Carroll’s classic 19th century fantasy novel-turned-1951 Disney animated film—as an important text in understanding Trump and his presidency.

Kushner paraphrased the Cheshire Cat, in particular, as a particularly apt guide to grasping the haphazard mechanizations of the administration: “If you don’t know where you’re going, any path with get you there.”

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