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当心!这类饮料喝多了会早死

Laura Stampler 2019年05月19日

哈佛大学的一项新研究发现含糖苏打水和运动饮料与过早死亡有关——女性尤其如此。

如果您的牙医账单没有让你害怕到抛弃含糖饮料,哈佛大学公共卫生学院的一项新研究也许能够成功做到这点。

美国心脏协会(American Heart Association)的杂志《Circulation》近期发表的研究表明,含糖苏打水、运动饮料及其他饮料和过早死亡有关——女性尤其如此。

虽然这些饮料和患结肠癌及乳腺癌导致死亡风险升高有关,但和心脏病引起的过早死风险增加尤其密切相关。

该研究的主要作者瓦桑提·马利克告诉美国全国广播公司财经频道(CNBC):“整体情况开始真正浮出水面。”他指出,每多喝一瓶含糖饮料,这个人死于心血管疾病的风险会增加10%。(喝完一瓶150卡路里的含糖苏打水,这个人摄入的添加糖就达到了一天糖分总摄入量建议值的75%。)

研究人员还发现,每天饮用两份及以上含糖饮料的人因为心血管疾病早死的风险比那些不经常放纵的人高出31%。

“这个数字不是随机的。”马利克说。他与其他研究人员一起分析了80647名女性从1980年至2014年间的数据,以及37716名男性1986年至2014年期间的数据。“这些研究结果表现出很多一致性。”

健怡可口可乐的数据呢?

虽然如果每天只饮用一杯含人工代糖的饮料,过早死亡的风险会低一些,但研究人员发现,如果女性每天饮用至少四杯含人工代糖的饮料,早死的风险会更高。

女性过早死亡的风险高于男性的原因尚不清楚。

“这可能只是男女之间的生理或代谢差异。”马利克告诉《今日美国》(USA Today)。“也可能是研究方法造成的,因为和男性相比,女性上报的摄入量可能比实际少。”

如果这项研究让你想喝一杯,我们可以建议简单地喝杯水吗?(财富中文网)

译者:Agatha

If your dental bill hasn’t scared you into foregoing sugary drinks, perhaps a new study from Harvard’s School of Public Health will do the trick.

Research published in the American Heart Association’s journal Circulation recently linked sugary sodas, sports drinks, and other beverages to premature death—particularly for women.

Although the drinks were linked to increased risk of death from colon and breast cancer, the associated risk was significantly higher for dying prematurely from heart disease.

“The big picture is really starting to emerge,” the study’s lead author Vasanti Malik told CNBC, which noted that a person’s risk of dying from cardiovascular disease rises 10% for every extra sugary drink the person consumes. (One 150 calorie soda accounts for 75% of a person’s suggested amount of added sugar intake.)

Researchers also found that people who drink two or more servings of sugar-sweetened drinks a day have a 31% higher risk to die early from cardiovascular disease than those who indulge less frequently.

“This is not random,” said Malik, who, alongside other researchers, analyzed data from 80,647 women from 1980-2014 to 37,716 men from 1986 to 2014. “There’s a whole lot of consistency across these findings.”

But what about the Diet Coke-heads among us?

Although consuming one artificially sweetened beverage a day lowered risk of premature death, researchers found that women who drink four or more artificially sweetened drinks a day had an increased risk of early death.

The reason for why women have a higher risk of premature death than men wasn’t immediately clear.

“It could simply be the physiological or metabolic differences between men and women,” Malik told USA Today. “It could also be something methodological, where women tend to underreport energy intake a little bit more than men.”

If this research makes you want a drink, might we suggest a stiff glass of water?

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