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10年:10个人的成功传奇

Katherine Reynolds Lewis 2013年06月25日

人的成长轨迹不同,成功也有早有晚。有的人年少成名,不到10岁就名满天下;有的人大器晚成,耄耋之年才品尝到成功的滋味。但不管怎样,只要满怀激情地把有限的人生投入到自己真正喜欢的事业,早晚会有一番作为。

懵懂童年:秀兰•邓波儿

    不到10岁的秀兰•邓波儿在长达四年的时间里一直是最有票房号召力的明星。20世纪30年代晚期,她在20世纪福克斯公司(20th Century Fox)每部电影中的片酬达到史无前例的5万美元。她定义了“童星”一词,而这也是她自传的书名。

    但过早的成功往往伴随着把童年奉献给辛苦工作、而不是玩耍的代价。在普通孩子四处游玩和涂鸦的年纪,邓波儿每年就要参演4部电影。

    “年少的冲锋者们愿意在年纪轻轻时就牺牲了自由和选择,”位于纽黑文市的咨询顾问、《像个老板样》(It's Okay to Be the Boss)的作者布鲁斯•塔尔干说。“他们在年幼时就把大把的时间和精力投入到专心致志的追求中。”

    虽然邓波儿在22岁时息影,但早年的那种牺牲为她提供了平台和知名度,使她得以活跃于政坛,担任公司董事,成为老布什执政时期美国驻捷克斯洛伐克的大使。

Childhood: Shirley Temple

    Before the age of 10, Shirley Temple enjoyed four years as the top box-office draw in America, earning an unprecedented $50,000 per film from 20th Century Fox in the late 1930s. She gave definition to the term child star, which was the title of her autobiography.

    But early success often comes with the cost of devoting your childhood to hard work rather than play. Temple acted in four films a year at an age when ordinary children swing in the playground and master cursive writing.

    "The early young chargers are willing to sacrifice freedom and choice at a young age," says Bruce Tulgan, New Haven-based consultant and author of It's Okay to Be the Boss. "They put in a huge amount of time and energy in a focused pursuit at a very young age."

    Although Temple retired from movie-making at age 22, that early sacrifice gave her the platform and name recognition to become active in politics, serve on corporate boards, and fill the role of U.S. ambassador to Czechoslovakia during the administration of President George H.W. Bush.

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