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苹果发布自研芯片M1,铁心分手英特尔

苹果发布自研芯片M1,铁心分手英特尔

Aaron Pressman 2020年11月11日
这款芯片在真正意义上切断了苹果Macintosh系列对英特尔芯片长达14年的依赖。

11月10日,苹果公司发布了三款最新型号的电脑。它们在外观上与过往笔记本并无太大差别,但在内部配置上首次采用了万众瞩目的自研ARM芯片,在真正意义上切断了Macintosh系列对英特尔芯片长达14年的依赖。

苹果将这款新芯片命名为M1,该款芯片与iPhone和iPad上搭载的历史芯片十分类似,都采用了ARM处理器,并由台积电作为代工。苹果本次分别推出的升级版笔记本MacBook Air以及13英寸的MacBook Pro,还有升级版台式电脑Mac Mini都悉数采用了M1芯片。

苹果表示,新一代处理器的速度会比英特尔芯片快三倍,图形处理速度也会快六倍。同时,两款新笔记本的电池续航能力也会根据用户所使用的软件大小,相应上涨50%至100%左右。

不过,该芯片也会给用户带来一定程度的不便。大量软件需要被重写或是转换才能够适用于苹果的新处理器。苹果表示,像Adobe的Lightroom这样比较受欢迎的摄影程序将会很快推出新版本,但包括Photoshop在内的其他应用程序则要等到明年。也就是说,苹果宣称的性能提升到底真实与否,还需要一段时间的市场观察。

新款MacBook Air的和MacBook Pro的起价还是和以前一样,分别为999美元和1299美元。而新款Mac Mini则较上一款降了100美元,现在只需699美元。这些型号已经于11月10日开始接受预订,预计将于下周完成交付。

今年以来,苹果股价的増幅超逾60%,但目前看来,在新款笔记本发布后,市场没有产生明显的波动。与此同时,此前跌幅达到23%的英特尔,目前的股价也依然保持持平。

苹果电脑自2006年起就开始采用英特尔芯片,但近几年,英特尔的发展可谓步履蹒跚,7纳米工艺的发布也被屡次推迟,芯片生产遭受着周期性的短缺。面对困境,英特尔的首席执行官鲍勃·斯旺正在调整高级领导层,同时进行业务削减,以期重回正轨,但迄今为止他的努力收效甚微。

对于苹果的“分手”行为,英特尔依然坚持自己的芯片有着独特的优势。英特尔早前发表声明表示,“无论是在现在还是未来,英特尔的技术都为全球客户提供了他们最想要的最佳体验,同时也为开发者提供了最开放的平台。”

“苹果证明了一个事实:ARM处理器也可以用于个人PC,甚至能够用于数据中心。” CCS Insight的高级研究总监韦恩·拉姆强调,“这一个事实本身比‘失去苹果Mac系列订单’更值得英特尔加以警戒。”

虽然苹果目前发布的还是三款价格友好、性能简单的低端机,但苹果指出,在未来几年,公司会把包括Mac Pro(售价达5000美元)在内的各款功能更强大、价格更昂贵的机型也搭载上自研芯片。

其实业内对苹果在11月10日的动作早有预感。今年6月,苹果就承诺过要在年底前发布首款采用自研处理器的电脑。苹果的首席执行官蒂姆·库克在上个月的电话会议上表示“苹果正处于有史以来最多产的新品发布期”,换言之,苹果在未来可能还有大消息。

这已经是苹果今年秋季第三次发布新品,它在9月发布了新款iPad和Apple Watch 6,上个月又刚刚推出了iPhone12和新型智能音箱。(财富中文网)

编译:陈怡轩

11月10日,苹果公司发布了三款最新型号的电脑。它们在外观上与过往笔记本并无太大差别,但在内部配置上首次采用了万众瞩目的自研ARM芯片,在真正意义上切断了Macintosh系列对英特尔芯片长达14年的依赖。

苹果将这款新芯片命名为M1,该款芯片与iPhone和iPad上搭载的历史芯片十分类似,都采用了ARM处理器,并由台积电作为代工。苹果本次分别推出的升级版笔记本MacBook Air以及13英寸的MacBook Pro,还有升级版台式电脑Mac Mini都悉数采用了M1芯片。

苹果表示,新一代处理器的速度会比英特尔芯片快三倍,图形处理速度也会快六倍。同时,两款新笔记本的电池续航能力也会根据用户所使用的软件大小,相应上涨50%至100%左右。

不过,该芯片也会给用户带来一定程度的不便。大量软件需要被重写或是转换才能够适用于苹果的新处理器。苹果表示,像Adobe的Lightroom这样比较受欢迎的摄影程序将会很快推出新版本,但包括Photoshop在内的其他应用程序则要等到明年。也就是说,苹果宣称的性能提升到底真实与否,还需要一段时间的市场观察。

新款MacBook Air的和MacBook Pro的起价还是和以前一样,分别为999美元和1299美元。而新款Mac Mini则较上一款降了100美元,现在只需699美元。这些型号已经于11月10日开始接受预订,预计将于下周完成交付。

今年以来,苹果股价的増幅超逾60%,但目前看来,在新款笔记本发布后,市场没有产生明显的波动。与此同时,此前跌幅达到23%的英特尔,目前的股价也依然保持持平。

苹果电脑自2006年起就开始采用英特尔芯片,但近几年,英特尔的发展可谓步履蹒跚,7纳米工艺的发布也被屡次推迟,芯片生产遭受着周期性的短缺。面对困境,英特尔的首席执行官鲍勃·斯旺正在调整高级领导层,同时进行业务削减,以期重回正轨,但迄今为止他的努力收效甚微。

对于苹果的“分手”行为,英特尔依然坚持自己的芯片有着独特的优势。英特尔早前发表声明表示,“无论是在现在还是未来,英特尔的技术都为全球客户提供了他们最想要的最佳体验,同时也为开发者提供了最开放的平台。”

“苹果证明了一个事实:ARM处理器也可以用于个人PC,甚至能够用于数据中心。” CCS Insight的高级研究总监韦恩·拉姆强调,“这一个事实本身比‘失去苹果Mac系列订单’更值得英特尔加以警戒。”

虽然苹果目前发布的还是三款价格友好、性能简单的低端机,但苹果指出,在未来几年,公司会把包括Mac Pro(售价达5000美元)在内的各款功能更强大、价格更昂贵的机型也搭载上自研芯片。

其实业内对苹果在11月10日的动作早有预感。今年6月,苹果就承诺过要在年底前发布首款采用自研处理器的电脑。苹果的首席执行官蒂姆·库克在上个月的电话会议上表示“苹果正处于有史以来最多产的新品发布期”,换言之,苹果在未来可能还有大消息。

这已经是苹果今年秋季第三次发布新品,它在9月发布了新款iPad和Apple Watch 6,上个月又刚刚推出了iPhone12和新型智能音箱。(财富中文网)

编译:陈怡轩

Apple on November 10 debuted three new computers that don't look much different on the outside from the devices it's been selling for years. But on the inside, the new computers are powered by a chip of Apple's own design, ending a 14-year reliance on Intel for the brains of its Macintosh lineup.

The new chip, dubbed the M1, is similar to the processors in iPhones and iPads that Apple has designed itself for the past decade that rely on basic designs from ARM and manufacturing by Taiwan Semiconductor. Apple introduced two laptops, updated versions of the MacBook Air and 13-inch MacBook Pro, plus a desktop, an update of the Mac Mini, all using the M1 chip.

The processors in the new computers are about three times faster than the previous models running Intel chips with six times faster graphics performance, Apple said. The two new laptops also get about 50% to 100% longer battery life than Intel models, depending on the applications used.

Judging those performance claims will take time. Software must be rewritten to run natively on the new Macs or operate via a slower translated mode. Apple said some popular programs, like Adobe's Lightroom photography program, would be available soon, but other apps, like Adobe Photoshop, would not be ready until next year.

The new MacBook Air starts at the same price as the prior version of $999. The new MacBook Pro starts at $1,299, also the same as the prior version. And the new Mac Mini starts at $699, $100 less than the previous one. The models are available for preorder on November 10 and will be delivered next week.

Shares of Apple, which had already risen about 60% this year, were relatively unchanged after the announcement. Shares of Intel, which have previously lost 23%, were also flat.

Apple has used Intel chips to power its Mac line of laptop and desktop computers since 2006. But Intel’s manufacturing has stumbled for the past several years, delaying the development of faster chips and causing periodic shortages. Intel CEO Bob Swan is trying to get the chipmaker back on track by changing leadership and dumping underperforming businesses, but he has little to show for his efforts so far.

For its part, Intel has maintained that its chips have the advantage. Intel-based PCs "provide global customers the best experience in the areas they value most, as well as the most open platform for developers, both today and into the future," the company said in a statement.

"Apple’s moves will help validate ARM-based chips for personal computing and even in the data center," Wayne Lam, senior director of research at CCS Insight, noted after the announcement. "This, rather than the loss of the Mac business, is the longer-term concern for Intel."

The three models updated on Tuesday represented the low end of Apple's Mac computers, both in performance and price. Apple said it would transition its more powerful and expensive models, like the $5,000 Mac Pro, to its own chips over the next few years.

November 10's Apple announcement wasn't much of a surprise. In June, the company had promised to announce by year-end new Macintosh computers powered by its own processor designs. During Apple’s quarterly call with analysts last month, CEO Tim Cook said the company was “in the midst of our most prolific product introduction period ever,” hinting that more big announcements were to come.

The computer announcement was Apple's third virtual event of the fall. Last month it debuted new iPhones and a new smart speaker. And in September the company unveiled a new iPad and the Apple Watch Series 6.

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