亲爱的纳什维尔职场菜鸟 ：你提了一个好问题，许多经验丰富的求职者们都曾经苦苦思索过这个问题。丹•布莱克是安永会计师事务所（EY，原为Ernst & Young）的美洲区招聘主管，同时还担任着美国大学与雇主协会（National Association of Colleges and Employers，NACE）的现任主席。他对这个话题深有同感，坚持不懈能够向面试官展示你的主动性，涎皮赖脸就仅仅只会惹人厌烦，而这两者间的界限“非常微妙，很难精确地划出这条界线”。这个财政年度，安永会计师事务所计划聘请大约10,600名员工，其中包括大约6,300名和你一样的新一届毕业生。比起2013年，这家公司的校园招聘人数增加了5％。
Dear Annie:I'm graduating from college at the end of May and have already been interviewed by two companies that might want to hire me, with two more interviews (at different employers) scheduled in mid-March. I could really use some guidance from you and your readers on how to go forward after these meetings. For example, I sent thank-you notes by email to the hiring managers I've met so far, but a friend says a handwritten note would have made me stand out more. Should I do that next time?
Also, how soon after the interview is it acceptable to ask whether I'm still being considered for the job, and how often should I get back in touch if I don't hear anything? I'm trying to seem enthusiastic but not desperate. Suggestions, please? — Newbie in Nashville
Dear N.N.:Great question, and one that plenty of seasoned jobseekers puzzle over, too. Dan Black agrees with you that the line between being persistent, which shows initiative, and being pesky, which is just annoying, "is a very fine one. It can be hard to locate." Black is director of recruiting for the Americas at EY (formerly Ernst & Young), and current president of the National Association of Colleges and Employers (NACE). This fiscal year, EY plans to hire about 10,600 people, including some 6,300 new grads like you, a 5% increase over 2013 in campus hiring.
The time to get a feel for how soon you should hear back from the employer, he says, is during the interview. "We always try to tell candidates when they can expect to hear from us, and how to contact us with questions, whether that's by email or by phone," he says. "But if the interviewer doesn't mention that to you, you should ask, at the end of the conversation when you have a chance to ask questions."
Dan Finnigan, CEO of social recruiting platform Jobvite, agrees. "It's also critical to abide by whatever the answer is," he says. "If the recruiter or interviewer suggests contacting them by email, for instance, don't call on the phone." Timing matters, too. "If the employer mentions that they expect to make a decision in a week, then follow up within that week," he says. "Otherwise, ask if you can get back in touch within two weeks" about whether you're still in the running -- and then do it, or "they will remember that you didn't follow through." A timely follow-up "is never seen as pesky," Black adds.
You did the smart thing by sending thank-you notes. "HR people and hiring managers expect them as part of the etiquette of the process," notes Black. "And you certainly don't want to be the only candidate who didn't send one." He recommends keeping it "short and sweet, reiterating your interest in the job and, if possible, referring back briefly to some area of common ground that came up during the interview."
However, whether a thank-you should be handwritten or via email is, as you've noticed, a point of debate. On the one hand, a handwritten note "will get you noticed, because so few people send them anymore," says Finnigan. On the other hand, though, email is probably fine, because snail mail missives "aren't as timely, and some people don't read their mail." A handwritten note could also make you seem old-fashioned, or as if you aren't on top of technology, he says. The important thing, in his view, is to send a thank-you quickly -- preferably within 24 hours, while you and your resume are still fresh in the interviewer's mind.