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专栏 - 日月谈

积累关键经验,助推事业发展

2013年01月21日

莫拉·法伦,财富中文网专栏作家,曾经担任联信及霍尼韦尔亚太分公司学习发展部主管;她在“软技巧”领域的真知灼见引人入胜。“日”和“月”,两者互为对立。一个热烈似火,一个冷清如水。在汉字里,又恰好组成了一个“明”字。公司和人的问题亦是如此:对立起来,两者都有缺憾;唯有相辅相成,才能阴阳调和。点击查看莫拉的过往作品。
经济形势和商业环境瞬息万变。职场人士必须积累丰富而全面的经验,才能游刃有余地应对这些变化,促进自身事业的发展。

    经济和商业环境正在迅速发生改变。它对个人职业和事业的影响很大。在这样一个飞速发展的环境中,职业也在发生变化。有些职业在未来将不复存在。其他一些职业未来的要求也将与现在有很大区别。如何为未来做好准备?

    到不同的环境和组织中去历练自己,接受挑战。保持灵活性,以开放的态度接纳不同的机会和境遇,是培养职业经验的最佳方式。在不同的领域工作,可以学习如何管理变化,如何为适应新环境和随之而来的挑战进行有效调整。学习从不同的角度看待这个世界。

    在事业发展的不同节点,评估自身的技能、经验、长处和短处。找出进一步发展事业需要什么样的新经验。这些经验通常是全职工作。此外,特别任务组、特殊项目、短期任务和其他机会都能增加经验的深度和广度,提升你的能力。经验的先后次序往往不那么重要。

    将一项技术能力作为基础。他可以是销售、营销、运营、IT、财务、变化管理、人力发展、人力资源、战略规划和法律等等。

    与整个组织内部的人员建立起关系(比方说,在职能部门内部、跨职能部门和跨业务线)。它能为你提供新的洞察力,并有机会接触到其他有才干的人。直接了解他们面临的挑战能够增进你对整个组织的认识。

    关键经验包括:

    --运营领导力

    --重振一项业务

    --在总部或地区办公室担任幕僚职务(staff role)。

    --在公布损益的业务子公司担任分管职务(line role)。

    --在一个初创部门工作

    --在一个成熟部门工作

    --在新兴市场工作

    --在发达市场工作

    --在合资企业工作

    --承担业务盈亏责任

    --经历过机构变革,如实施6西格玛(Six Sigma)、新的组织运营系统或重组

    --经历过并购流程

    --职能转换。比方说,从一个部门或一项职能调到另一个部门或另一项职能

    The economic and business environment is changing rapidly. This has a big impact on jobs and careers. In such a dynamic environment jobs are changing too. Some jobs won’t exist in the future. Other jobs will have requirements that look quite different from the requirements of today. How can you prepare yourself for the future?

    By experiencing a variety of different environments and organizational challenges. Being flexible and open to different opportunities and situations is the best way to develop career-building experiences. When you work in different areas you learn how to manage change and adjust effectively to new situations and the challenges they bring. You learn to look at the world from different perspectives.

    By assessing your skills, capabilities, experience, strengths and weaknesses at different points in your career. And then figure out which types of new experiences are needed for further career development. These experiences are often full-time jobs. In addition, task forces, special projects, short-term assignments and other opportunities can all contribute to your depth and breadth of experience and build your capabilities. The sequence of experiences is often not critical.

    By having a technical capability as a foundation on which to build. This could be an expertise in sales, marketing, operations, IT, finance, change management, people development, human resources, strategic planning, the law.

    By building relationships with people throughout the organization (for example, within your function, across-functions, and across business lines). This will provide you with new insights and exposure to other talented people. Learning first-hand about the challenges they have faced increases your in-depth knowledge of the organization.

    Critical Experiences include:

    --Operational leadership

    --Turning around a business

    --Work in a staff role in headquarters or a regional office

    --Work in a line role, in a business unit which reports a profit or loss

    --Work in a start-up business

    --Work in a mature business

    --Work in an emerging market

    --Work in a developed market

    --Work in a joint venture

    --Have P&L (profit and loss) responsibility

    --Work through an organizational change, such as implementation of Six Sigma, a new organization operating system or a re-organization

    --Work through a merger or acquisition process

    - Functional mobility. For example, move from one department or function to another department or function

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