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要制定人生目标?先想清楚这些问题

Elissa Sangster 2016年05月25日

目标、路径、人脉,在给自己规划未来时,这三个要素都要考虑到。

当今世界上事事瞬息万变,每个人都要有明确的目标。目标可以相对灵活,但心中应该有个大致规划,然后根据家庭和工作的具体情况相应调整。一般来说,每个人的奋斗目标每年都有变动。所以,多花点时间看看脚下的路对不对很重要。如果你自己不用心掌握,很可能就会跟着别人走。职业道路上还是要亲手把握航向。

制定五年计划要考虑以下三个要点。

找好目标

如果前进的方向没弄清楚,就不知道在为什么努力。想一想目标是什么,设想一年、三年和五年后的生活,你希望到时在做什么工作,哪些突出的技能和个性能让你脱颖而出?女性尤其喜欢保持低调。她们往往更看重工作的结果,专心完成任务,不常花时间考虑未来发展。

辨明路径

一旦确定了目标,就要想清楚怎样去实现。为了达成所想你会采取哪些行动?大多数企业都会设定五年计划,个人也需要合理规划。如果你打算长期留在一家企业,制定个人的五年计划时参考一下公司的规划也未尝不可。

规划职业发展时有几个关键问题一定要考虑:为了进步需不需要在某个领域或者多个领域积累经验?平级换岗到另一个部门会不会有助于达到目标?需不需要上夜校或者周末进修,或是参加公司内部培训?想不想去商学院攻读工商管理硕士学位?弄明白最终目标、相应策略以及为了实现理想要采取的行动,一步一步写下实现目标的计划,随时记录进展。

借助人脉

有时人们想不起来发展盟友、拜会导师和寻找支持者,其实与这些人保持良好关系在职场上大有裨益。首先要明确哪些人最能帮你达到目标,日常工作中与他们维持关系要成为重要内容。如果不认识关键人物,就去找人引荐。不妨考虑专业人士的圈子或者内部员工的组织,正式还是非正式组织不重要,先参与进去再说。多与重要人士交流,你会对公司和行业的理解会大为加深,今后拓展重要的人脉也会顺利得多。

制定长期职业规划的还有一个原因:你跟上司交流时多了谈资。领导会发觉你有远见,认为你是公司或机构里力求上进的员工。领导能这么看你很关键,年度业绩评估自然不用担心,长期看前途一片光明才是更重要的。(财富中文网)

审校:夏林

译者:Pessy

These days, everything moves so fast that you need to have established goals. They can be flexible, but you should have a general end game in mind. And every year, you should make adjustments to each goal to account for changes at home and on the job. Everyone’s vision of success tends to morph from year to year. So it’s really important to take the time to make sure the road you’re on is still the right one. If you’re not driving, after all, someone else might drive for you. You need to be behind the wheel of your own career.

Having a five-year plan requires some reflection on three key things:

Purpose

If you don’t know where you’re going, then you don’t know what you’re trying to accomplish. Think about your purpose. When you envision your life in one year, three years, and five years, what would you like to be doing in your career? What unique skills and traits do you have that will differentiate you? Women, in particular, keep their heads down. They tend to be more task-oriented and just focus on getting things done, rather than investing the necessary time to think about what’s on the horizon.

Path

Once you determine your purpose, you need to figure out how you’re going to get there. What are the actions you’ll take to reach your goal? Most businesses have a five-year plan. People need to plan just like organizations do. You might even want to align your five-year plan with your company’s long-term goals if you envision staying with the same employer.

To help chart your path, consider some key questions: Do you need to get more experience in a certain area, or multiple areas, in order to advance? Would a lateral move to another department in your company help you reach your goal? Do you need to take some evening or weekend classes or receive internal training? Do you want to go to business school to earn an MBA? Think about the end goal, your strategy, and the actions you have to take and write a step-by-step plan to get there and chart your progress.

People

Sometimes people fail to think about developing allies, mentors, and advocates who can propel them toward the next step in their careers. Identify who the critical people are between you and your goal, and include them in part of your day-to-day working plan. And if you don’t know these critical people, seek out introductions. Consider professional networks or internal employee groups—either formal or informal—you may want to join. They will provide insights so you have a better grasp on your company and industry, and will also help you make critical connections.

One important reason for developing a long-term career plan: It gives you something to talk about with your boss. You’ll be considered forward-thinking and as someone who wants to progress at your company or organization—not just in the next year tied to your annual review, but over the long haul.

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