这一点很容易理解。既然大学已经进入这个领域，公司为什么还要去投资培养年轻的商业人士？然而，MBA的出现还是引起了许多人的担忧。管理学大师彼得•德鲁克在1950年的一期《财富》杂志（Fortune ）中对此有过描述，文章的标题是《商学院》（The Graduate Business School）。
六十年后，许多事情发生了改变。首先，在德鲁克的文章中只字未提女性，而通用汽车（GE）的管理者们也只是说“来自哈佛商学院（Harvard Business School）的那些聪明的小伙子们”。但如今，在哈佛商学院2015届学生中，女性比例占到41%。过去几年，宾夕法尼亚大学沃顿商学院（University of Pennsylvania's Wharton School）的女性学生比例也一直保持在40%以上。
此外，如今MBA学生比20世纪50年代的学生更年长。德鲁克写道，当时，“研究生通常直接来自大学。就算他们有工作经验，也只不过是在夏令营当过顾问；或者卖过订阅的《周六晚邮报》（Saturday Evening Post）。他们从未像成年人一样在成年人的世界里生活过，也从未独立过，总之他们缺乏商业经验。”德鲁克对此并不满意。
The 1950s were a heady time for the American economy. The grim years of World War II were fading in the rearview mirror, and growing corporations realized they needed a new breed of manager who could oversee conglomerates spanning borders and dozens of brands.
But rather than cultivate their own talent, companies looked to the burgeoning academic programs in management -- those granting a Master of Business Administration (MBA) -- for help.
It was a straightforward idea. Why invest in training young, budding businessmen when universities were already in that space? Still, the rise of the MBA inspired handwringing, which was chronicled in a 1950 Fortune feature by management guru Peter Drucker called "The Graduate Business School."
Among the critiques: Management was about doing, not academic study. MBA programs created "crown princes" marked for the top who knew little about the businesses they would run. Society needed entrepreneurs, not business administrators. What was the purpose of an MBA, anyway?
Such questions no longer made universities shy from business programs -- money poured into them after all -- but Drucker wrote that "It would be no exaggeration to say that the business schools, while they have won the war, do not know what to do with their victory. The business schools have 'arrived' without quite knowing what their job is, or how to accomplish it."
How can the businessman know his function in society, Drucker wondered, "if their own professional schools do not know what it is?"
Sixty-three years later, some things have changed. For starters, women -- completely absent in Drucker's piece, where GE (GE) managers talked of the "bright lads from the Harvard Business School" -- comprised 41% of HBS's class of 2015. Women have made up north of 40% of the University of Pennsylvania's Wharton School for the past few years.
MBA students are also generally older than they were in 1950. Then, "The typical graduate student comes directly from college," Drucker wrote. "If he has any work experience at all it is as a counselor in a summer camp; or maybe he has sold subscriptions to the Saturday Evening Post. He has never lived as an adult in an adult world, has never been on his own, and, above all, he lacks business experience." Drucker was not pleased.
Six decades later, most programs take his point to heart and now require a few (two-five) years of work experience. "Companies started asking for it. Companies started demanding it," says Elissa Ellis-Sangster, executive director of the Forte Foundation, which works with business schools and corporations to increase the representation of women in business careers. "Having that work experience matures them a little more."
Other questions, though, are still being debated. Drucker explained the "crown prince" problem by noting that at business schools, "there is an inherent tendency toward the turning out of men who aim at making an end run around a large organization directly to the top, rather than proving their abilities and qualities in working their way up in competition with the rest of the organization."
This makes sense. After all, why take time off work to go to school unless you think you'll gain more than those years of seniority? Nonetheless, other employees naturally resented these men marked for greatness. And that undermined morale.
In general, today's female MBA students don't have a "crown princess" aura, Ellis-Sangster insists; "They have to be coached and advised on how to promote themselves."