答案或许是肯定的。在《哈佛商业评论》（Harvard Business Review）去年发表的一份调查报告中，生物学家克里斯托弗•兰德尔发现，早晨精力最充沛的人更能明确自己的长期目标，更有把握实现自己的目标。另外，也有研究显示，这类人在学校的成绩普遍更加优秀。
肖恩•阿克尔认为，在早上完成一些事情，能够带来“一连串的成功”。肖恩•阿克尔著有《快乐的优势》（The Happiness Advantage）一书，他自己之前也属于“夜猫子”型，后来有意识地让自己养成了早起的习惯。现在，他每天睁开眼第一件事，是写下让他心存感激的三件事，然后锻炼身体，再写一封简短的电子邮件，与家人或朋友联络感情。他说自己非常喜欢早上做这些事，并且发现“如果你心里有所期待，那么从床上爬起来就不是什么难事。”然后，“在大脑记录下一件成功完成的事情之后，很自然地，你会继续做下一步，并一直进行下去。”但如果你在头天晚上10点才完成一天中第一件重要的事情，而老板却要求你参加第二天早上8点的会议，那么很显然，已经没有足够的时间去完成其他事情了。
You know the type: As you're groping around the office kitchen looking for coffee, your perky colleague bounds in to tell you that her bike ride this morning was "awesome." Plus, she finished the presentation you two have to give next week. It's in your inbox (time-stamped 7:45 a.m.) should you ever make it to your desk.
Sure, she's energetic (if annoying). But do morning people have a professional advantage over others?
The answer may be yes. As part of research published last year by Harvard Business Review, biologist Christoph Randler found that people who were most energetic in the mornings were more likely to identify long-range goals for themselves and feel in charge of making things happen. Other research has shown that such people get better grades in school.
While night owls may be more creative, "they're out of sync with the typical corporate schedule," Randler told HBR. "When it comes to business success, morning people hold the important cards."
Accomplishing things in the morning sets off a "cascade of success," says Shawn Achor, author of The Happiness Advantage, and a "night owl" who "consciously changed my morning habits so I could get up earlier." He now starts his days by writing down three things he's grateful for, exercising, and sending a quick email to reconnect with a family member or friend. He says he enjoys all these activities, and finds that "if you're thinking about things you're looking forward to, that makes it easy to get out of bed." Then, "once your brain records a victory, it's more likely to take the next step and the next step." If your first major victory comes at 10 p.m. but your boss expects you to be at an 8 a.m. meeting, there's just not much time for getting things done.
'Pay yourself first'
Financial advisors tell people to transfer money to savings as soon as they get paid, because there will always be a reason why you can't put $500 toward your emergency fund at the end of the month. Likewise, there will always be a reason not to exercise at 5 p.m. A growing body of research suggests that will power functions like a muscle. It fails when used too much. By putting important-but-not-urgent activities like exercise, religious practices, or strategic thinking early in the day, you can knock these tasks off your list before your will power is exhausted by boring meetings or the siren song of the office vending machine.
Randeep Rekhi has an 8 to 5 job and also runs an online wine store called WineDelight.com. "The physical location for the business is in California and I'm in Colorado, so the easiest way to communicate with other employees is via G-Talk, thus I'm always on it in case I'm needed," he says. "This can get distracting at times, but working very early in the morning is great because all the other employees are asleep." Even if your colleagues are all early risers, they likely want to use this time to focus, too -- and may feel sheepish putting a conference call on someone's calendar at 6:30 a.m.