有时候，这种行为很难被发现，因为它们非常消极，并且隐藏在表面之下。领导力咨询公司戴尔•卡耐基公司（Dale Carnegie & Associates）的董事长兼首席执行官彼得•韩铎建议：“找出是什么在干扰员工。如果整个团队出现了问题，是什么原因？有时候可能就是那些表面惟命是从，但实际却无所作为的员工。”
如果有人有足够的勇气，尝试改造消极对抗的员工，那么，弄清楚造成这种情况的原因非常重要。特里•R•培根表示：“消极对抗的人其实是要试图实现一个目的：要么是在他掌控的局面中获得控制权，要么是为了避免冲突。”特里•R•培根是光辉学院（Korn/Ferry Institute）的驻校学者，其著作包括《权力的要素》（The Elements of Power）与《影响力的要素》（Elements of Influence） 等。
Sometimes, you can't spot the behavior because it's so passive and under the surface. "Look for a disturbance in the force," advises Peter Handal, chairman and chief executive of leadership consulting firm Dale Carnegie & Associates. "If this team isn't working right, what's the problem? Sometimes it might be somebody who, on the surface, looks very agreeable but underneath isn't being productive."
You may need to resort to "skip-level meetings," in which you meet directly with the problem employee's subordinates. This technique alerted Bradt to one situation in which his direct report was agreeing to certain work goals to his face but then telling his staff to work on different priorities. "I found out he was blocking all my communication to his team," he recalls.
For the brave souls who try to rehabilitate a passive-aggressive employee, it's important to understand what is driving the behavior. "People who are behaving passive aggressively are trying to do one of two things: Gain control in a situation where they don't have it, or avoid conflict," says Terry R. Bacon, a scholar in residence at the Korn/Ferry Institute and author of The Elements of Power and Elements of Influence.
The first step is to try to bring the conflict or dispute out into the open, gently. If you hear that someone is pooh-poohing your ideas behind your back, say something like, "When I presented that idea in the meeting, I thought it was a pretty good idea at the time, but I wonder if there would be some alternatives that would be better. What do you think?" Bacon suggests.
"Try to get them to problem solve so they will tell you what it is they are objecting to," Bacon says. If you still encounter resistance and denial, you could say, "I know you said you supported it, but I got the sense that you were uncomfortable about it in some way. I really would like to understand how you really feel."
If you can get the other person to acknowledge that there is an issue, you'll have already won half the battle. Next, turn them into an ally for your cause by giving them some measure of control. "Use confrontation as a last resort," Bacon advises.
Bradt recommends that you give problem employees your full support in every way, but then watch to see whether their attitude turns around. If the individual doesn't declare a change of heart within six to eight weeks, he's probably a lost cause.
If you have someone who's dragging their feet on projects, add a chaperone to the mix and make public whatever promises they give to get work done. For instance, if a passive aggressive worker promises to get you data by a specific date, confirm that commitment with the employee in front of someone who needs that data.
"When you make the agreement public like that, it's harder for the person to duck it," Bacon says.