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商业 - 科技

盘点史上最大的十起黑客攻击企业事件

Jeff John Roberts 2017年07月13日

到目前为止,黑客袭击已涉及数十亿个消费者账户,使受袭企业遭受了数万亿美元的损失,而且噩梦不可能在短时间内结束。

谁被黑客攻击过?正如7月1日出版的《财富》杂志封面故事所探讨的一样,也许问“谁没被黑客攻击过”更容易得到答案。以下列出的是过去5年里发生过重大数据泄露事件的大公司和机构的一些例子。正如你所看到,没有哪个行业没被黑客攻击过。到目前为止,黑客袭击已涉及数十亿个消费者账户,使受袭企业遭受了数万亿美元的损失。网络犯罪工具正变得越来越便宜,数量越来越多,这意味着被黑客攻击的噩梦不可能在短时间内结束。

领英网,2012年

2012年,领英网称650万个用户账户遭到了黑客攻击。2016年,事情变得更糟糕了,超过1.17亿个账户的用户名和密码信息被黑客出售。以下列出了5家网络安全公司。

该行业目前的规模为840亿美元,预计在未来五年内会翻一番。

塔吉特公司,2013年

2013年12月,1.1亿名客户的个人信息和财务信息被曝光。随后,作为这一大型数据泄露事件所带来的后果之一,首席执行官格雷格·斯泰因哈费尔宣布辞职。

摩通大道公司,2014年

黑客们攻击了摩根大通公司的一个服务器,并窃取了银行数百万账户的数据。据称,这些账户被用于诈骗计划,造成了约1亿美元的损失。

家得宝公司,2014年

黑客窃取了超过5000万名用户的电子邮件和信用卡数据。这一数据泄露事件使这一连锁零售店花费了至少1.79亿美元与消费者和信用卡公司达成和解。

索尼公司,2014年

为了报复索尼出品的电影模糊了朝鲜领导人金正恩的面容,被认为与朝鲜有关的黑客在索尼影视娱乐公司的服务器上肆意妄为了一番。

希尔顿酒店,2015年

据报道,黑客入侵了该连锁酒店的支付系统,并从全国各地的希尔顿酒店和喜达屋连锁酒店窃取了客户的信用卡数据。

律师事务所,2015年

中国黑客入侵了科瓦斯·斯怀恩·摩尔国际律师事务所和威嘉律师事务所的电子邮箱账户,掌握了即将进行的公司合并计划。据称,他们通过出售这一消息赚取了400万美元。

环球同业银行金融电讯协会,2016年

据报道,朝鲜黑客利用SWIFT支付系统的漏洞,从孟加拉国中央银行的纽约联邦储备银行账户中窃取了8100万美元。

乐购公司,2016年

黑客攻击了大型连锁超市乐购旗下的乐购银行,窃取了这家银行9000多个账户的总共约320万美元的资金,乐购不得不向顾客进行赔偿。

Chipotle公司, 2017年

据报道,一个东欧犯罪团伙利用网络欺诈手段盗取了数百万Chipotle客户的信用卡信息。这次事件是专门针对餐馆的一系列骗局中的一个。(财富中文网)

译者:Amelia Huang

Who has been hacked? It might be easier to ask who hasn't been hacked, as Fortune explores in the cover story of our Jul. 1 issue. The list below is just a sample of big companies and institutions struck by major data breaches in the past five years. As you can see, no industry has been spared. By now, the damage has afflicted billions of consumer accounts and is costing the companies tens or hundreds of millions. Alas, cyber-crime tools are getting cheaper and more prolific—which means the hacking nightmare is unlikely to end anytime soon.

LinkedIn, 2012

In 2012, the professional network said 6.5 million accounts had been hacked. In 2016, it emerged that the breach was much worse: Hackers were selling name and password info for more than 117 million accounts.

Here's a Look at 5 Cybersecurity Companies

The $84 billion industry is expected to double in the next five years.

Target, 2013

In December 2013, 110 million customers’ personal and financial information was ­exposed. CEO Gregg Steinhafel later resigned as part of the fallout from the massive breach.

JPMorgan, 2014

Hackers hijacked one of ­JPMorgan Chase’s servers and stole data about millions of the bank’s accounts, which they allegedly used in fraud schemes yielding some $100 million.

Home Depot, 2014

Hackers stole email and credit card data from more than 50 million customers. The breach cost the retail chain at least $179 million in settlements with consumers and credit card companies.

Sony, 2014

Hackers believed to be associated with North Korea rampaged through the servers of Sony Pictures Entertainment in retaliation for a film comedy showing North Korean leader Kim Jong-un’s face ­being melted off.

Hilton Hotels, 2015

Hackers got inside the chain’s payment system and reportedly stole customer credit card data from dozens of ­Hilton and Starwood chains from across the country.

Law Firms, 2015

Chinese hackers accessed email accounts at firms Cravath Swaine & Moore and Weil Gotshal & Manges—and learned about upcoming corporate mergers. They allegedly made $4 million trading on the information.

Swift, 2016

North Korean hackers reportedly exploited weaknesses in the SWIFT payment system to steal $81 million from the Bangladesh Central Bank’s account at the New York Federal Reserve.

Tesco, 2016

Hackers drained a total of around $3.2 million from more than 9,000 accounts in Tesco Bank, the bank run by the giant grocery chain. Tesco was forced to reimburse customers for the stolen money.

Chipotle, 2017

An Eastern European criminal gang reportedly used phishing to steal the credit card information of millions of Chipotle customers. The breach was part of a larger scam targeting restaurants.

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