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企业在疫情中作出的这项改变,值得大学学习

企业在疫情中作出的这项改变,值得大学学习

Suzanne Marie Musho 2021年11月25日
设计的影响力是真实存在的。美国企业对此十分了解。各大学院和大学也该意识到这一点,并以此助力学生走向成功。

纽约理工学院长岛校区增设户外“微型公园”,配备无线上网功能和休息区域。图片来源:COURTSEY OF NEW YORK INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY

随着新冠新增病例激增现象的消退,越来越多的公司都在要求雇员回归办公室,或至少有这样的打算。然而对众多员工来说,这些办公室将再也不是2020年3月时的模样。

包括科技领袖Salesforce和Spotify在内的无数公司,对办公室进行了大刀阔斧的调整,例如家具和桌椅布局等,以更好地推动员工协作。然而,这只不过是美国企业使用设计这个工具来最大程度提升员工满意度和生产力的最新案例。多年来,一些颇具前瞻性的美国企业摒弃了传统的办公室准则,使用能够强化人际关系、提升职场生活品质的贴心空间来替代传统的小隔间和枯燥的会议室。

另一方面,说到针对其教职员工和学生的空间设计,学院和大学在历史上便一直落后于美国企业。这些高等教育机构在设计空间时关注的并非是学生体验,而是捐赠者和管理者。它们的设计讲究的是地位和权威,而不是舒适的环境、功能和公平的获取机会。

在新冠疫情之前,学生除了适应校园环境之外别无选择。然而疫情改变了这一切,因为它永久地改变了学校、企业、医院以及基本上社会其他各个角落对和谐物理空间的定义。

如今,大学管理者迎来了罕有的突破性机会,来打造能够让学生真正感到舒适的校园内部环境。高等教育机构应该询问学生对校园的需求,并确保其首要任务是改善公平性和接触机会。

不妨看看企业布局设计所带来的价值。办公用品公司范罗士(Fellowes)《职场健康度趋势报告》显示,近90%的受调雇员希望雇主提供更加健康的职场空间,从坐站两用办公桌和人体工学座椅一直到康体室。

其中很多雇主都倾听了雇员的意见,在办公室设计规划时以员工为中心。谷歌、普华永道(PricewaterhouseCoopers)、耐克以及其他企业巨头都为雇员建造了静室,以便员工能够在工作日期间放松大脑,甚至睡个午觉。

其他公司则将绿色空间融入办公环境。亚马逊的西雅图办公室最近修建了多个穹顶,每一个穹顶都种植了成千上万的植物。2015年,Facebook宣布建造了一个带有步行道的9英亩(约36000平方米)绿色屋顶,这样,雇员便可以在合作的同时享受室外美景。

这类变化会直接影响雇员的满意度、士气和生产力。人力资源公司Future Workplace的调查显示,在能够接触到自然光和景观的员工中,有70%称其绩效有所改善。

企业投资这些设计实乃明智之举。如果雇员能够在职场环境中惬意、满意地工作,那么他们便会将其视为一种享受,工作也会更认真。雇员会积极响应雇主给予他们的尊重。大学学生亦是如此。如果研究实验室、教室、餐厅以及校园建筑能够给予他们重视并让其有安全感,那么他们便可以更加有效地专注于学习,并期待学习,然后在学术上有所建树。

已经有证据表明,学生的周边环境会影响其自身状况以及学业表现。2019年的一份调查发现,经常接触绿色空间的大学生会出现情绪和压力水平的改善。伊利诺伊大学(University of Illinois)的建筑师发现,能够从教室看见绿色景观的高校学生在注意力广度测试中得分更高。

纽约理工学院(New York Institute of Technology)正在与学生合作,拉进学生与自然的距离。学院的长岛校园,在布局中融入无线上网功能和室外休息区域的户外“微型公园”,将让学生在学习和社交时获得安全感。室内装潢的改善亦吸取了来自于大自然的灵感。我们的纽约校园也正在进行改造。在这里,供学生们打发时间的空间——包括学生休息室和咖啡厅——将主打可持续设计,重点突出自然照明和特色绿植景观。

最重要的是,我们在整个流程中都在与学生治理协会和设计委员会合作,以倾听他们的想法,了解其需求。毕竟,各学院已经在校园建筑方面共计投资了数百亿美元。从财务方面来看,院方有义务确保这些改善项目能够带来强有力的回报。换句话说,询问学生在体验校园之后有什么样的想法,应成为一种常态化的举措。

设计的影响力是真实存在的。美国企业对此十分了解。各大学院和大学也该意识到这一点,并以此助力学生走向成功。(财富中文网)

本文作者苏珊娜·玛丽·穆绍是美国建筑师协会(AIA)和美国国家建筑注册委员会(NCARB)成员、纽约理工学院房地产开发和可持续资本规划专业首席建筑师兼副院长,该校在纽约市、长岛等地区设有分校。

译者:冯丰

审校:夏林

随着新冠新增病例激增现象的消退,越来越多的公司都在要求雇员回归办公室,或至少有这样的打算。然而对众多员工来说,这些办公室将再也不是2020年3月时的模样。

包括科技领袖Salesforce和Spotify在内的无数公司,对办公室进行了大刀阔斧的调整,例如家具和桌椅布局等,以更好地推动员工协作。然而,这只不过是美国企业使用设计这个工具来最大程度提升员工满意度和生产力的最新案例。多年来,一些颇具前瞻性的美国企业摒弃了传统的办公室准则,使用能够强化人际关系、提升职场生活品质的贴心空间来替代传统的小隔间和枯燥的会议室。

另一方面,说到针对其教职员工和学生的空间设计,学院和大学在历史上便一直落后于美国企业。这些高等教育机构在设计空间时关注的并非是学生体验,而是捐赠者和管理者。它们的设计讲究的是地位和权威,而不是舒适的环境、功能和公平的获取机会。

在新冠疫情之前,学生除了适应校园环境之外别无选择。然而疫情改变了这一切,因为它永久地改变了学校、企业、医院以及基本上社会其他各个角落对和谐物理空间的定义。

如今,大学管理者迎来了罕有的突破性机会,来打造能够让学生真正感到舒适的校园内部环境。高等教育机构应该询问学生对校园的需求,并确保其首要任务是改善公平性和接触机会。

不妨看看企业布局设计所带来的价值。办公用品公司范罗士(Fellowes)《职场健康度趋势报告》显示,近90%的受调雇员希望雇主提供更加健康的职场空间,从坐站两用办公桌和人体工学座椅一直到康体室。

其中很多雇主都倾听了雇员的意见,在办公室设计规划时以员工为中心。谷歌、普华永道(PricewaterhouseCoopers)、耐克以及其他企业巨头都为雇员建造了静室,以便员工能够在工作日期间放松大脑,甚至睡个午觉。

其他公司则将绿色空间融入办公环境。亚马逊的西雅图办公室最近修建了多个穹顶,每一个穹顶都种植了成千上万的植物。2015年,Facebook宣布建造了一个带有步行道的9英亩(约36000平方米)绿色屋顶,这样,雇员便可以在合作的同时享受室外美景。

这类变化会直接影响雇员的满意度、士气和生产力。人力资源公司Future Workplace的调查显示,在能够接触到自然光和景观的员工中,有70%称其绩效有所改善。

企业投资这些设计实乃明智之举。如果雇员能够在职场环境中惬意、满意地工作,那么他们便会将其视为一种享受,工作也会更认真。雇员会积极响应雇主给予他们的尊重。大学学生亦是如此。如果研究实验室、教室、餐厅以及校园建筑能够给予他们重视并让其有安全感,那么他们便可以更加有效地专注于学习,并期待学习,然后在学术上有所建树。

已经有证据表明,学生的周边环境会影响其自身状况以及学业表现。2019年的一份调查发现,经常接触绿色空间的大学生会出现情绪和压力水平的改善。伊利诺伊大学(University of Illinois)的建筑师发现,能够从教室看见绿色景观的高校学生在注意力广度测试中得分更高。

纽约理工学院(New York Institute of Technology)正在与学生合作,拉进学生与自然的距离。学院的长岛校园,在布局中融入无线上网功能和室外休息区域的户外“微型公园”,将让学生在学习和社交时获得安全感。室内装潢的改善亦吸取了来自于大自然的灵感。我们的纽约校园也正在进行改造。在这里,供学生们打发时间的空间——包括学生休息室和咖啡厅——将主打可持续设计,重点突出自然照明和特色绿植景观。

最重要的是,我们在整个流程中都在与学生治理协会和设计委员会合作,以倾听他们的想法,了解其需求。毕竟,各学院已经在校园建筑方面共计投资了数百亿美元。从财务方面来看,院方有义务确保这些改善项目能够带来强有力的回报。换句话说,询问学生在体验校园之后有什么样的想法,应成为一种常态化的举措。

设计的影响力是真实存在的。美国企业对此十分了解。各大学院和大学也该意识到这一点,并以此助力学生走向成功。(财富中文网)

本文作者苏珊娜·玛丽·穆绍是美国建筑师协会(AIA)和美国国家建筑注册委员会(NCARB)成员、纽约理工学院房地产开发和可持续资本规划专业首席建筑师兼副院长,该校在纽约市、长岛等地区设有分校。

译者:冯丰

审校:夏林

More and more companies are bringing employees back to the office–or at least plan to–after the surge of Covid-19 cases subsides. But for many workers, those offices will look a lot different than they did in March 2020.

Numerous companies, including tech leaders like Salesforce and Spotify, have changed everything from the furniture to the desk layouts to better promote collaboration. It's just the latest example of corporate America using design as a tool to maximize workers' satisfaction and productivity. For years, forward-looking corners of corporate America have bucked conventional office norms, replacing traditional cubicles and sterile conference rooms with thoughtful spaces that reinforce human relationships and foster quality of workplace life.

Colleges and universities, on the other hand, have historically lagged behind corporate America in designing spaces for their constituents. Rather than focusing on the student experience, institutions of higher education have designed spaces with donors and administrators in mind. They've pursued designs that exude status and prestige rather than comfort, function, and equitable access.

Before Covid-19, students had no choice but to make do with their campus environments. But the pandemic changed that, permanently altering the meaning of harmonious physical space for schools, businesses, hospitals, and virtually every other nook of our society.

Now, university administrators have the rare, groundbreaking opportunity to create on-campus environments students genuinely feel comfortable in. It's time that institutions of higher education ask their students what they want out of their campuses and ensure that improving equity and access are their top priorities.

Consider the value of design in corporate settings. According to the Fellowes Workplace Wellness Trend Report, nearly 90% of surveyed employees would like their employer to provide healthier workspaces, from sit-stand desks and ergonomic seating to wellness rooms.

Many of those employers have listened, putting workers at the center of their office design plans. Google, PricewaterhouseCoopers, Nike, and other corporate giants have built quiet spaces for employees to take mental breaks–and even naps–during the workday.

Others have incorporated green spaces into the office environment. Amazon's Seattle location recently built several large domes into its workspace, each of which houses tens of thousands of plants. In 2015, Facebook unveiled a nine-acre green roof with a walking loop so employees can simultaneously collaborate and enjoy the outdoors.

These sorts of changes can directly impact employee satisfaction, morale, and productivity. Seventy percent of workers with access to natural light and views report improved performance, according to a survey from HR firm Future Workplace.

It's smart for businesses to invest in these designs. If employees feel comfortable and content in their workplace, they enjoy their work and put in quality effort. They respond well to the respect their employers show them. The same can be expected of college students. If they feel valued and secure in their research libraries, lecture halls, cafes, and campus quads, they can focus more effectively on studying, look forward to learning, and thrive academically.

Already, there's evidence that students' surroundings shape their wellbeing and academic performance. One 2019 study found that college students' frequent exposure to green spaces was linked to improved mood and reduced stress levels. Architects at the University of Illinois found that high schoolers with green views from their classrooms scored higher on tests that measured their attention spans.

The New York Institute of Technology is working with students to bring them closer to nature. On our Long Island campus, outdoor "parklets" with wireless capabilities and outdoor seating areas etched into the landscape will allow students to feel safe studying and socializing. Indoor enhancements also draw inspiration from nature. Our vertical New York City campus is also enjoying a reinvention. Here, spaces where students spend their time–including student lounges and cafés–will be sustainably designed to prioritize natural light and feature greenery.

Most importantly, throughout our process, we've worked with student government associations and design committees to hear their ideas and understand their needs. After all, colleges already invest billions in campus architecture, collectively. They have a fiscal responsibility to ensure these improvements provide strong returns. In other words, asking students what they want from their experience should become commonplace.

The power of design is real. Corporate America knows that. It's time colleges and universities discover the same to foster student success.

Suzanne Marie Musho AIA, NCARB is the chief architect and vice president for real estate development and sustainable capital planning at New York Institute of Technology, which has campuses in New York City and Long Island, among other locations.

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