立即打开
世界最大的加密货币交易所,竟存在内幕交易?

世界最大的加密货币交易所,竟存在内幕交易?

TOM SCHOENBERG,彭博社 2021年09月18日
审查正在逐步加强。

美国对世界上最大的加密货币交易所——币安(Binance)的调查出现扩大趋势。最新迹象表明,监管机构正在调查潜在的内幕交易和市场操纵。审查正在逐步加强。

知情人士表示,美国官员一直在调查币安或其员工是否通过利用客户获利。由于调查的保密性,这些知情人士要求匿名。其中一位还提到,美国商品期货交易委员会(Commodity Futures Trading Commission,简称CFTC)的调查人员参与了此次调查,他们最近几周一直在接触潜在证人。

尽管币安并不隶属于任何一个国家,但其运行着规模庞大的交易业务,每日客户在政府监管机构的监督之外买入、卖出价值数百亿美元的数字代币,而这就让币安对数百万笔交易有充分的接触和了解。美国有关部门质该公司是否利用了这一渠道(为自己牟利),包括在执行客户订单之前先进行交易等。

币安的发言人在一份声明中表示,该公司对内幕交易实行“零容忍”政策,并有着“严格的道德准则”,防止任何可能伤害其客户或加密行业的不当行为。该发言人表示,币安的安全团队对调查不当行为和追究员工责任有长期的指导方针,解雇是最小的间接影响。

CFTC的一位发言人则拒绝对此事置评。

合规问题

对于币安及其直言不讳的创始人赵长鹏(Changpeng Zhao,化名CZ)来说,合规一直是公司的痼疾。由于“缺乏适当的许可证明”,越来越多的国家要求该公司及其附属公司停止在本国境内提供服务。据彭博社(Bloomberg)报道称,美国司法部(Justice Department)和国税局(Internal Revenue Service)已经对币安是否涉嫌洗钱和逃税展开了刑事调查。

但是,币安未被指控有不当行为,调查或将不会导致任何官方行动。CFTC和司法部已经对币安进行了数月的调查,可能还需要等待一段时间才能决定是否采取强制措施。

币安并不是唯一一个被美国监管机构盯上的公司。华盛顿一直在关注和警惕加密市场的快速增长,包括美国财政部、美联储和美国证券交易委员会在内的多家机构的担忧逐渐提升。他们认为,加密市场或成为非法活动的温床,一些公司在未能保障消费者权益的情况下转向传统金融服务。

CFTC已经针对币安是否允许美国居民买卖与比特币等虚拟代币相关的衍生品展开调查,并持续寻求相关信息。

一位知情人士表示,CFTC定期与其他联邦机构分享调查结果,该机构已经获取了币安的内部数据和通信记录,这些信息或包括币曾试图与美国客户签约的证据。币安并未在美国官方机构注册,这意味着根据CFTC的要求,其没有资格与美国公民进行衍生品交易。

“高度关注”

赵长鹏经常在推特和媒体采访中吹捧加密货币的价值。在他7月份发布的一篇博文中,他提到,在币安问题中,人们对监管越来越“高度关注”。他重申了币安禁止内幕交易的政策以及其他针对不当行为的防治措施。

他提到,币安对处理新代币发行的部门和交易所的其他员工实行了隔离措施。他还补充说,自去年以来,币安的全球合规团队及其顾问委员会的规模增长了500%,并计划到2021年底将其规模扩大一倍。

在新加坡工作的赵长鹏此前曾表示,币安有着非常严密的监控系统,以保证美国交易员无法参与其业务活动。他一再表示,公司一直致力于遵守其业务所在国的规定。

其中一位知情人士说,CFTC最近询问潜在证人的话题之一,就是币安数据服务器的位置。虽然尚无法确定CFTC为何对此感兴趣,但据分析,这可能与管辖权问题有关,也可能与该机构能否对币安行使权力有关。美国法院此前曾驳回对币安的诉讼,理由是其在美国既没有办事处,也没有管理人员。

2019年,在赵长鹏的帮助之下,币安美国(Binance.US)成立,成为一家专门为美国客户服务的独立公司。但是,当年8月初,在领导公司仅3个月之后,布莱恩·布鲁克斯突然辞去了币安美国首席执行官的职务。布鲁克斯是特朗普政府时期的代理货币监理人,他提到了公司战略方向上的分歧。

CFTC此次对币安的调查在芝加哥进行,调查对象包括部分参与监管机构起诉币安的竞争对手——BitMEX的官员。

上个月,BitMEX同意支付1亿美元与CFTC和金融犯罪执法网络(Financial Crimes Enforcement Network)达成和解,以处理其允许美国居民交易衍生品以及缺乏适当的反洗钱政策的指控。BitMEX并没有承认或是否认这些指控。(财富中文网)

编译:杨二一

美国对世界上最大的加密货币交易所——币安(Binance)的调查出现扩大趋势。最新迹象表明,监管机构正在调查潜在的内幕交易和市场操纵。审查正在逐步加强。

知情人士表示,美国官员一直在调查币安或其员工是否通过利用客户获利。由于调查的保密性,这些知情人士要求匿名。其中一位还提到,美国商品期货交易委员会(Commodity Futures Trading Commission,简称CFTC)的调查人员参与了此次调查,他们最近几周一直在接触潜在证人。

尽管币安并不隶属于任何一个国家,但其运行着规模庞大的交易业务,每日客户在政府监管机构的监督之外买入、卖出价值数百亿美元的数字代币,而这就让币安对数百万笔交易有充分的接触和了解。美国有关部门质该公司是否利用了这一渠道(为自己牟利),包括在执行客户订单之前先进行交易等。

币安的发言人在一份声明中表示,该公司对内幕交易实行“零容忍”政策,并有着“严格的道德准则”,防止任何可能伤害其客户或加密行业的不当行为。该发言人表示,币安的安全团队对调查不当行为和追究员工责任有长期的指导方针,解雇是最小的间接影响。

CFTC的一位发言人则拒绝对此事置评。

合规问题

对于币安及其直言不讳的创始人赵长鹏(Changpeng Zhao,化名CZ)来说,合规一直是公司的痼疾。由于“缺乏适当的许可证明”,越来越多的国家要求该公司及其附属公司停止在本国境内提供服务。据彭博社(Bloomberg)报道称,美国司法部(Justice Department)和国税局(Internal Revenue Service)已经对币安是否涉嫌洗钱和逃税展开了刑事调查。

但是,币安未被指控有不当行为,调查或将不会导致任何官方行动。CFTC和司法部已经对币安进行了数月的调查,可能还需要等待一段时间才能决定是否采取强制措施。

币安并不是唯一一个被美国监管机构盯上的公司。华盛顿一直在关注和警惕加密市场的快速增长,包括美国财政部、美联储和美国证券交易委员会在内的多家机构的担忧逐渐提升。他们认为,加密市场或成为非法活动的温床,一些公司在未能保障消费者权益的情况下转向传统金融服务。

CFTC已经针对币安是否允许美国居民买卖与比特币等虚拟代币相关的衍生品展开调查,并持续寻求相关信息。

一位知情人士表示,CFTC定期与其他联邦机构分享调查结果,该机构已经获取了币安的内部数据和通信记录,这些信息或包括币曾试图与美国客户签约的证据。币安并未在美国官方机构注册,这意味着根据CFTC的要求,其没有资格与美国公民进行衍生品交易。

“高度关注”

赵长鹏经常在推特和媒体采访中吹捧加密货币的价值。在他7月份发布的一篇博文中,他提到,在币安问题中,人们对监管越来越“高度关注”。他重申了币安禁止内幕交易的政策以及其他针对不当行为的防治措施。

他提到,币安对处理新代币发行的部门和交易所的其他员工实行了隔离措施。他还补充说,自去年以来,币安的全球合规团队及其顾问委员会的规模增长了500%,并计划到2021年底将其规模扩大一倍。

在新加坡工作的赵长鹏此前曾表示,币安有着非常严密的监控系统,以保证美国交易员无法参与其业务活动。他一再表示,公司一直致力于遵守其业务所在国的规定。

其中一位知情人士说,CFTC最近询问潜在证人的话题之一,就是币安数据服务器的位置。虽然尚无法确定CFTC为何对此感兴趣,但据分析,这可能与管辖权问题有关,也可能与该机构能否对币安行使权力有关。美国法院此前曾驳回对币安的诉讼,理由是其在美国既没有办事处,也没有管理人员。

2019年,在赵长鹏的帮助之下,币安美国(Binance.US)成立,成为一家专门为美国客户服务的独立公司。但是,当年8月初,在领导公司仅3个月之后,布莱恩·布鲁克斯突然辞去了币安美国首席执行官的职务。布鲁克斯是特朗普政府时期的代理货币监理人,他提到了公司战略方向上的分歧。

CFTC此次对币安的调查在芝加哥进行,调查对象包括部分参与监管机构起诉币安的竞争对手——BitMEX的官员。

上个月,BitMEX同意支付1亿美元与CFTC和金融犯罪执法网络(Financial Crimes Enforcement Network)达成和解,以处理其允许美国居民交易衍生品以及缺乏适当的反洗钱政策的指控。BitMEX并没有承认或是否认这些指控。(财富中文网)

编译:杨二一

U.S. investigations into Binance have expanded, with authorities now examining possible insider trading and market manipulation -- the latest sign that scrutiny of the world’s largest cryptocurrency exchange is intensifying.

As part of the inquiry, U.S. officials have been looking into whether Binance or its staff profited by taking advantage of its customers, said people with knowledge of the matter who asked not to be identified because the probe is confidential. The review involves Commodity Futures Trading Commission investigators, who in recent weeks have been reaching out to potential witnesses, one of the people said.

Though it’s not based in any one country, Binance runs a massive trading operation where everyday clients buy and sell digital tokens worth tens of billions of dollars outside the oversight of government watchdogs. That gives the exchange a view into millions of transactions, and U.S. authorities are questioning whether the firm exploited that access, including by trading on customer orders before executing them.

In a statement, a Binance spokesperson said the firm has a “zero-tolerance” policy for insider trading and a “strict ethical code” to prevent any misconduct that could hurt its customers or the crypto industry. Binance’s security team has long-standing guidelines for investigating wrongdoing and holding workers accountable, with termination being the minimal repercussion, the spokesperson added.

A CFTC spokeswoman declined to comment.

Compliance headaches

Compliance has been a constant headache for Binance and its outspoken founder, Changpeng Zhao, who goes by CZ. A growing list of nations have demanded that the company and affiliates cease offering services within their borders, claiming they lack proper licenses. In the U.S., the Justice Department and Internal Revenue Service have launched criminal probes into whether Binance has been a conduit for money laundering and tax evasion, Bloomberg has reported.

Binance hasn’t been accused of wrongdoing and the investigations may not lead to any official action. The CFTC and the Justice Department have been examining the firm for months and it could be some time before the agencies decide whether to pursue enforcement actions.

Binance is far from alone in getting unwanted attention from U.S. authorities. Washington has watched the rapid growth of crypto with alarm, with agencies ranging from the Treasury Department to the Federal Reserve and the Securities and Exchange Commission increasingly worried that the market is a hotbed of illicit activity and that firms are veering into traditional financial services without protecting consumers.

The CFTC was already probing whether Binance let U.S. residents buy and sell derivatives linked to Bitcoin and other virtual tokens, and the regulator is continuing to seek information as part of that line of inquiry.

The CFTC, which routinely shares its findings with other federal agencies, has sought internal Binance data and communications that could indicate the firm may have tried to sign up U.S. customers, one of the people said. Binance isn’t registered with U.S. authorities, meaning it’s supposed to bar Americans from trading derivatives, which the CFTC regulates.

‘Hyper-focus’

Zhao, who regularly touts crypto on Twitter and in media interviews, said in a July blog post that there has been a “hyper-focus on regulation when it comes to Binance.” He highlighted Binance’s policies to prevent insider trading and, as another protection against misconduct, said the firm walls off the unit that handles the issuance of new tokens from the rest of the exchange’s staff. Binance’s global compliance team and its advisory board have grown 500% since last year, he added, with plans to double their size by the end of 2021.

Zhao, who has been working out of Singapore, has previously said that Binance has sophisticated surveillance systems to keep U.S.-based traders off its exchange. He has repeatedly said that the firm is committed to following rules in the countries in which it operates.

Among topics the CFTC has recently asked potential witnesses about is the location of Binance’s data servers, one of the people said. While it couldn’t be determined why the CFTC was interested, it could be tied to jurisdictional issues and whether the agency can assert authority over Binance. U.S. courts have previously tossed out litigation against the firm on the grounds that it has neither offices nor managers in the states.

In 2019, Zhao helped incorporate Binance.US, a separate company that caters to American clients. Brian Brooks abruptly resigned as Binance.US’s chief executive officer in early August after leading the company for just three months. Brooks, who was acting comptroller of the currency during the Trump administration, cited differences over the firm’s strategic direction.

The CFTC investigation into Binance is being run out of Chicago and includes some of the same officials who worked on the regulator’s case against BitMEX, a rival crypto exchange.

Last month, BitMEX agreed to pay $100 million in a settlement with the CFTC and the Financial Crimes Enforcement Network to resolve claims that it let U.S. residents trade derivatives and that it lacked proper anti-money-laundering controls. BitMEX didn’t admit or deny the allegations.

最新:
  • 热读文章
  • 热门视频
活动
扫码打开财富Plus App