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加州州长纽瑟姆在罢免选举中获胜,对小企业意味着什么?

加州州长纽瑟姆在罢免选举中获胜,对小企业意味着什么?

Meagan Leonhardt 2021年09月17日
加文·纽瑟姆在新冠疫情期间采取了许多措施来帮助小企业主,包括对获得联邦贷款的企业延长减税优惠,并向小企业和非营利组织发放了数十亿美元的资助。

9月14日,美国加利福尼亚州的州长加文·纽瑟姆在罢免选举中获胜,给当地数以百万计质疑其新冠疫情限制政策的小企业主沉重一击。

在最新一轮罢免中,许多小企业主站出来反对纽瑟姆,指责他在新冠疫情之初发布的严格的居家政策影响了企业的运营。此外,这位州长在去年11月居家隔离令执行期间前往French Laundry餐厅,引起了许多人的抗议。据Yelp去年发布的数据显示,新冠疫情爆发六个月之后,加州约有4万家小企业关闭,在全美排在首位。众所周知,特斯拉(Tesla)的首席执行官埃隆·马斯克曾经反对加州的封锁措施,之后于2020年搬到了得克萨斯州。

总体而言,纽瑟姆将罢免选举中的胜利,作为执行新冠疫情防控政策的依据,他在9月14日发表的一份声明中表示,虽然人们在罢免选举中投下了反对票,但同时也投下了赞同票:“我们都支持科学。我们支持疫苗。我们支持结束本次疫情。”

美国全国广播公司(NBC)9月14日的出口民调发现,45%的受访者认为纽瑟姆的公共健康措施是正确的,有32%认为这些政策过于严格。投票支持罢免纽瑟姆的选民,在最重要的理由上也存在分歧:他们中约有27%表示经济问题是首要原因;23%表示无家可归是主要原因;17%认为犯罪状况是他们支持罢免州长的原因。

硅谷和好莱坞的许多名人以及民主党领袖都支持纽瑟姆。例如,Netflix的首席执行官里德·黑斯廷斯、慈善家乔治·索罗斯和Facebook首席执行官马克·扎克伯格的妻子普莉希拉·陈博士都支持纽瑟姆击退罢免案。与此同时,美国总统乔·拜登和副总统贺锦丽(Kamala Harris)均为这位加州州长站台。

但许多人依旧认为纽瑟姆的政策存在问题。政治行动委员会拯救加州(Rescue California)的主席汤姆·戴尔·贝卡罗在9月15日对福克斯新闻频道(Fox News)说:“未来小企业会面临什么命运?更高的税费、更多街头犯罪、更多无家可归者。虽然加文·纽瑟姆取得了胜利,但这些问题依旧没有解决。”该委员会支持罢免纽瑟姆。戴尔·贝卡罗称,加州所面临的问题会对小企业造成冲击。

目前,加州已经取消了全州社交隔离限制,但近几个月要求州政府员工、医护人员、教师和学校雇员接种新冠疫苗。有人猜测,在罢免选举之后,加州会可能与旧金山和洛杉矶的部分省市一样,要求州内的餐厅、酒吧等企业提供新冠疫苗接种凭证。

戴尔·贝卡罗等人还就该州新成立企业的数量批评纽瑟姆。与新冠疫情之前相比,加州新企业的数量相对较低。例如,美国人口普查局(U.S. Census Bureau)的数据显示,2019年7月,纽瑟姆上任州长六个月之后,新企业申请数量减少了3.3%。然而,到年底,申请数量持续增加,在整个新冠疫情期间,虽然每个月新成立的企业数量有所波动,但总体呈现增加的趋势。

纽瑟姆在新冠疫情期间采取了许多措施来帮助小企业主,包括对获得联邦贷款的企业延长减税优惠,并向小企业和非营利组织发放了数十亿美元的资助。

虽然9月14日的选举结果意味着纽瑟姆可以继续担任州长,但明年就要迎来州长改选。参与罢免选举的一些竞争对手,包括领先的共和党候选人拉里·埃尔德,已经摩拳擦掌准备与他展开角逐。埃尔德在9月14日承认失败的选举中说:“我们要优雅地接受失败。或许我们输掉了这场战斗,但我们将赢得整场战争。”(财富中文网)

翻译:刘进龙

审校:汪皓

9月14日,美国加利福尼亚州的州长加文·纽瑟姆在罢免选举中获胜,给当地数以百万计质疑其新冠疫情限制政策的小企业主沉重一击。

在最新一轮罢免中,许多小企业主站出来反对纽瑟姆,指责他在新冠疫情之初发布的严格的居家政策影响了企业的运营。此外,这位州长在去年11月居家隔离令执行期间前往French Laundry餐厅,引起了许多人的抗议。据Yelp去年发布的数据显示,新冠疫情爆发六个月之后,加州约有4万家小企业关闭,在全美排在首位。众所周知,特斯拉(Tesla)的首席执行官埃隆·马斯克曾经反对加州的封锁措施,之后于2020年搬到了得克萨斯州。

总体而言,纽瑟姆将罢免选举中的胜利,作为执行新冠疫情防控政策的依据,他在9月14日发表的一份声明中表示,虽然人们在罢免选举中投下了反对票,但同时也投下了赞同票:“我们都支持科学。我们支持疫苗。我们支持结束本次疫情。”

美国全国广播公司(NBC)9月14日的出口民调发现,45%的受访者认为纽瑟姆的公共健康措施是正确的,有32%认为这些政策过于严格。投票支持罢免纽瑟姆的选民,在最重要的理由上也存在分歧:他们中约有27%表示经济问题是首要原因;23%表示无家可归是主要原因;17%认为犯罪状况是他们支持罢免州长的原因。

硅谷和好莱坞的许多名人以及民主党领袖都支持纽瑟姆。例如,Netflix的首席执行官里德·黑斯廷斯、慈善家乔治·索罗斯和Facebook首席执行官马克·扎克伯格的妻子普莉希拉·陈博士都支持纽瑟姆击退罢免案。与此同时,美国总统乔·拜登和副总统贺锦丽(Kamala Harris)均为这位加州州长站台。

但许多人依旧认为纽瑟姆的政策存在问题。政治行动委员会拯救加州(Rescue California)的主席汤姆·戴尔·贝卡罗在9月15日对福克斯新闻频道(Fox News)说:“未来小企业会面临什么命运?更高的税费、更多街头犯罪、更多无家可归者。虽然加文·纽瑟姆取得了胜利,但这些问题依旧没有解决。”该委员会支持罢免纽瑟姆。戴尔·贝卡罗称,加州所面临的问题会对小企业造成冲击。

目前,加州已经取消了全州社交隔离限制,但近几个月要求州政府员工、医护人员、教师和学校雇员接种新冠疫苗。有人猜测,在罢免选举之后,加州会可能与旧金山和洛杉矶的部分省市一样,要求州内的餐厅、酒吧等企业提供新冠疫苗接种凭证。

戴尔·贝卡罗等人还就该州新成立企业的数量批评纽瑟姆。与新冠疫情之前相比,加州新企业的数量相对较低。例如,美国人口普查局(U.S. Census Bureau)的数据显示,2019年7月,纽瑟姆上任州长六个月之后,新企业申请数量减少了3.3%。然而,到年底,申请数量持续增加,在整个新冠疫情期间,虽然每个月新成立的企业数量有所波动,但总体呈现增加的趋势。

纽瑟姆在新冠疫情期间采取了许多措施来帮助小企业主,包括对获得联邦贷款的企业延长减税优惠,并向小企业和非营利组织发放了数十亿美元的资助。

虽然9月14日的选举结果意味着纽瑟姆可以继续担任州长,但明年就要迎来州长改选。参与罢免选举的一些竞争对手,包括领先的共和党候选人拉里·埃尔德,已经摩拳擦掌准备与他展开角逐。埃尔德在9月14日承认失败的选举中说:“我们要优雅地接受失败。或许我们输掉了这场战斗,但我们将赢得整场战争。”(财富中文网)

翻译:刘进龙

审校:汪皓

California Gov. Gavin Newsom prevailed in the state’s recall election on Tuesday, presenting a major blow to the millions of small-business owners in California who took issue with Newsom’s restrictive policies.

During the latest recall cycle, many small-business owners came out against Newsom, saying his strict stay-at-home policies issued early in the pandemic hurt their operations. Additionally, the governor’s visit to the French Laundry restaurant in the middle of these orders last November caused many to cry foul. Six months into the pandemic, almost 40,000 California small businesses closed, the highest level in any state, according to data released from Yelp last year. Tesla CEO Elon Musk famously moved to Texas in 2020 after fighting with the state over lockdown measures.

On the whole, Newsom took his victory at the polls as a mandate on his pandemic policies, noting in a statement on September 14 that while people voted no on the recall, it was a yes vote, too: “We said yes to science. We said yes to vaccines. We said yes to ending this pandemic,” Newsom said.

Exit polls conducted by NBC on September 14 found that 45% said Newsom’s public health measures were right, while 32% found the policies too strict. Those who voted to oust Newsom were split on the most important reasons to do so, with about 27% reporting the economy was the top issue; 23% saying homelessness was a top priority; and 17% pointing to crime as the reason for their vote against the governor.

Many of those in Silicon Valley and Hollywood, as well as Democratic leaders, threw their support behind Newsom. For instance, Netflix CEO Reed Hastings, philanthropist George Soros, and Dr. Priscilla Chan, wife of Facebook’s Mark Zuckerberg, all donated to help Newsom beat back the recall. Meanwhile, both President Joe Biden and Vice President Kamala Harris stumped for the California governor.

Yet many still see issues with Newsom’s policies. “What’s ahead for small business? Higher taxes, more crime in the streets, more homelessness—and all of that remains despite Gavin Newsom’s victory,” Tom Del Beccaro, chairman of Rescue California, a PAC in support of the recall, told Fox News on September 15. Small businesses are left with the brunt of the problems facing California, Del Beccaro said.

Currently, there are no statewide social distancing restrictions in California, but the state has implemented vaccine requirements for state employees, health care workers, teachers, and school employees in recent months. Some speculated that like San Francisco and some Los Angeles municipalities, California will move to require restaurants, bars, and other businesses statewide to require proof of vaccination in the wake of the recall vote.

Del Beccaro and others have criticized Newsom regarding the level of business formation in the state, which has been relatively low prior to the pandemic. For example, in July 2019—six months into Newsom’s term as governor, the number of new business applications declined by 3.3%, according to the U.S. Census Bureau. However, by the end of the year, applications were trending up, and throughout the pandemic, new business creation has been volatile month to month, but the overall trend is on the rise.

Throughout the pandemic, Newsom has made some moves to help small-business owners, including extending tax breaks to those who received federal loans and issuing billions in grants to small businesses and nonprofits.

And while September 14’s results mean that Newsom will get to keep his position, the governor is up for reelection next year. Already, some of his opponents during this recall race, including leading Republican candidate Larry Elder, are gearing up. “Let’s be gracious in defeat,” he said on September 14 during his concession remarks. “We may have lost the battle, but we are going to win the war.”

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