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那些杀伤力完全不亚于新冠病毒的灾难,人们该如何解决?

那些杀伤力完全不亚于新冠病毒的灾难,人们该如何解决?

Petra Nemcova 2021年06月04日
对于灾害救援机构来说,我们面临着的问题在于,如何成功和安全地调动志愿者。

如果人们不能迅速地根据新冠疫情进行调整,那么灾害救援和恢复的关键工作将面临存亡威胁。为什么灾害救援工作如今变得比以往任何时候都更重要?

全球各界都在应对这场公共卫生危机,与此同时,灾害发生的频率和强度也在不断上升,继而造成了危机的叠加。日内瓦红十字会与红新月会国际联合会(International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies)在2020年发表了一篇报告,其中的重要发现明确提到,尽管疫情理所当然地吸引了全球的注意力,但气候灾害的破坏力可能并不亚于新冠病毒。报告的作者称,“自3月份也就是世界卫生组织宣布新冠病毒成为疫情以来,超过100场灾害波及了全球5000多万民众,其中很多都与气候和天气相关。”

我们和同行机构,不管是世界中央厨房(World Central Kitchen)或SBP,都面临着一个紧迫的问题:我们如何在双重人道主义危机期间,通过我们在全球受气候灾害影响社区的工作,来兑现我们在疫情前许下的承诺?

全美的非营利性机构亦面临着筹集紧急资金的存亡威胁,而对于灾害救援机构来说,我们面临的问题在于,如何成功和安全地调动志愿者。美联社称,“尽管今年的慈善捐赠数额创下了历史纪录,但疫情的影响让全美的非营利性机构举步维艰,因为它们面临着成本以及求助需求的激增,然而其自身的支持系统却基本上处于停摆状态,包括志愿者和现场筹资活动。”

在All Hands and Hearts,我们深知自己不得不依靠15年的灾害救援经验来进行转型,并在3月中旬的运营暂停之后安全地重启全球业务。此举意味着要合理地运用预算,并通过灵活的方式来处理关键工作,以及最为重要的是,保证自身的安全。

由于在前端有了这些支撑,我们通过推出DM12计划调整了传统的居民志愿者模式。该计划旨在调动中小群体志愿者来从事更广泛的服务,并最终打造“泡沫”。其初衷是提升安全性,并允许我们能够更加紧密、直接地与参与者合作,来应对新冠疫情的变化。

与我们的同行一样,我们非常清醒地意识到各地的安全问题,从洛杉矶地区(我们与洛杉矶地区食物银行和社区组织援助机构建立了合作关系,以协助那些热心志愿者向脆弱人群提供关键服务)一直到巴哈马群岛(依然没有走出2019年9月多里安飓风的灾害阴影)。在多里安飓风灾害发生一周年之际,佛罗里达州News 10发布的一篇新闻报道称,“新冠疫情放缓了多里安飓风灾害后的恢复进展。”我们不仅回到了巴哈马的工作岗位,还通过增添一个新项目来加大对该地区的投入。我们用实际行动践行理想:在自然灾害发生后尽早赶往现场,同时为了提供持续的援助而加班加点。

灾害救援工作因疫情而变得更加复杂,同时双重危机的叠加给那些异常脆弱的地区造成的冲击尤为严重。例如,泛美健康组织的一篇评估报告称,“拉美和加勒比地区有70%的医院非常容易受到自然灾害的影响。灾害风险管理、卫生紧急事件和政府财政之间的关系十分紧密,而且复合风险的理念在眼下比以往任何时候都更加突出。”

我们与同行都会努力兑现我们的承诺:与全球受自然灾害影响的社区合作,共同面对这个漫长而且如今变得更加复杂的恢复之路。(财富中文网)

佩特拉•尼姆科娃是 All Hands and Hearts的联合创始人。

译者:冯丰

审校:夏林

如果人们不能迅速地根据新冠疫情进行调整,那么灾害救援和恢复的关键工作将面临存亡威胁。为什么灾害救援工作如今变得比以往任何时候都更重要?

全球各界都在应对这场公共卫生危机,与此同时,灾害发生的频率和强度也在不断上升,继而造成了危机的叠加。日内瓦红十字会与红新月会国际联合会(International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies)在2020年发表了一篇报告,其中的重要发现明确提到,尽管疫情理所当然地吸引了全球的注意力,但气候灾害的破坏力可能并不亚于新冠病毒。报告的作者称,“自3月份也就是世界卫生组织宣布新冠病毒成为疫情以来,超过100场灾害波及了全球5000多万民众,其中很多都与气候和天气相关。”

我们和同行机构,不管是世界中央厨房(World Central Kitchen)或SBP,都面临着一个紧迫的问题:我们如何在双重人道主义危机期间,通过我们在全球受气候灾害影响社区的工作,来兑现我们在疫情前许下的承诺?

全美的非营利性机构亦面临着筹集紧急资金的存亡威胁,而对于灾害救援机构来说,我们面临的问题在于,如何成功和安全地调动志愿者。美联社称,“尽管今年的慈善捐赠数额创下了历史纪录,但疫情的影响让全美的非营利性机构举步维艰,因为它们面临着成本以及求助需求的激增,然而其自身的支持系统却基本上处于停摆状态,包括志愿者和现场筹资活动。”

在All Hands and Hearts,我们深知自己不得不依靠15年的灾害救援经验来进行转型,并在3月中旬的运营暂停之后安全地重启全球业务。此举意味着要合理地运用预算,并通过灵活的方式来处理关键工作,以及最为重要的是,保证自身的安全。

由于在前端有了这些支撑,我们通过推出DM12计划调整了传统的居民志愿者模式。该计划旨在调动中小群体志愿者来从事更广泛的服务,并最终打造“泡沫”。其初衷是提升安全性,并允许我们能够更加紧密、直接地与参与者合作,来应对新冠疫情的变化。

与我们的同行一样,我们非常清醒地意识到各地的安全问题,从洛杉矶地区(我们与洛杉矶地区食物银行和社区组织援助机构建立了合作关系,以协助那些热心志愿者向脆弱人群提供关键服务)一直到巴哈马群岛(依然没有走出2019年9月多里安飓风的灾害阴影)。在多里安飓风灾害发生一周年之际,佛罗里达州News 10发布的一篇新闻报道称,“新冠疫情放缓了多里安飓风灾害后的恢复进展。”我们不仅回到了巴哈马的工作岗位,还通过增添一个新项目来加大对该地区的投入。我们用实际行动践行理想:在自然灾害发生后尽早赶往现场,同时为了提供持续的援助而加班加点。

灾害救援工作因疫情而变得更加复杂,同时双重危机的叠加给那些异常脆弱的地区造成的冲击尤为严重。例如,泛美健康组织的一篇评估报告称,“拉美和加勒比地区有70%的医院非常容易受到自然灾害的影响。灾害风险管理、卫生紧急事件和政府财政之间的关系十分紧密,而且复合风险的理念在眼下比以往任何时候都更加突出。”

我们与同行都会努力兑现我们的承诺:与全球受自然灾害影响的社区合作,共同面对这个漫长而且如今变得更加复杂的恢复之路。(财富中文网)

佩特拉•尼姆科娃是 All Hands and Hearts的联合创始人。

译者:冯丰

审校:夏林

The essential work of disaster relief and recovery faced an existential threat if it didn’t swiftly adapt to the COVID-19 pandemic. Why has disaster relief work become more essential now than ever?

The global community is dealing with a public health crisis, and at the same time, the frequency and intensity of disasters is increasing—a collision of crises. Key findings from a 2020 report from the Geneva-based International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies made clear that while the world’s attention is rightfully on the pandemic, climate disasters can be just as devastating. According to the report’s authors, “more than 100 disasters—many of which were climate- and weather-related—have affected more than 50 million people around the world since March,” when the WHO declared COVID-19 a pandemic.

The question for us and our peer organizations, whether it be World Central Kitchen or SBP, was pressing: how could we work in communities around the world affected by climate disasters during this dual humanitarian crisis in order to meet pre-pandemic commitments?

Nonprofit organizations nationally also face the existential threat of raising critical dollars, and for disaster relief organizations, we face the issue of successfully and safely galvanizing volunteers. According to the Associated Press, “Despite record amounts of charitable donations this year, the effects of the pandemic are suffocating nonprofits across the country as organizations face soaring costs and demand for help, yet are largely without their own support systems, including volunteers and in-person fundraising events.”

At All Hands and Hearts, we knew we had to rely on our 15 years of disaster relief experience to pivot and safely restart global operations after an operational pause in mid-March. This meant being fiscally smart, adapting with nimble approaches to the essential work, and, above all, being safe.

With these pillars at the forefront, we adapted our traditional residential volunteer model by launching DM12, an initiative to mobilize small-to-medium-sized cohorts of volunteers to engage in extended service commitments—essentially creating “bubbles.” It is designed to increase safety and allows us to work more personally and directly with participants to navigate COVID-19 changes.

Like our peers, we are incredibly mindful of safety everywhere, from the Los Angeles area, where our partnership with the Los Angeles Regional Food Bank and Community Organized Relief Effort (CORE) was created to assist motivated volunteers in delivering their critical services to vulnerable populations, to the Bahamas, still affected by the destruction of Hurricane Dorian in September 2019. A news report from News 10 in Florida painted a clear picture at the one-year anniversary of the storm, saying, “The coronavirus pandemic has slowed recovery efforts following the destruction of Hurricane Dorian.” We not only returned to work in the Bahamas, but doubled down by expanding to two programs. We fully intend to live up to our ideal of “arriving early after a natural disaster and staying late for a sustained response.”

The work of disaster relief, compounded by the pandemic, also disproportionately impacts regions of the world that are particularly vulnerable to this dual crisis. For example, according to a Pan American Health Organization assessment, “nearly seven out of 10 hospitals in Latin America and the Caribbean are in areas vulnerable to natural hazards. There is a close relation between disaster risk management, health emergencies, and government finance, and the notion of compound risk is more present today than ever.”

We and our peer organizations can all endeavor to hold to our promises of partnering with communities around the world affected by natural disasters on the long, and now more complex, road to recovery.

Petra Nemcova is the cofounder of All Hands and Hearts.

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