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“狗狗币杀手”爆红,中国交易者成最大推手?

“狗狗币杀手”爆红,中国交易者成最大推手?

Grady McGregor, Yvonne Lau 2021年05月18日
柴犬币的24小时交易额已经超过80亿美元,反映了一个日益壮大的新加密货币交易者阶层的行为。

狗狗币(Dogecoin)在诞生之初只是一个玩笑,但如今该加密货币却价值不菲。5月8日,它遭遇了主持《周六夜现场》(Saturday Night Live)的埃隆•马斯克带来的威胁,现在可能又面临着一家以小狗为主题的新兴竞争对手的挑战。

柴犬币(Shiba Inu)推出不到一年,以柴犬这一狗的品种命名。它是一种加密货币,交易代码为“SHIB”,其将自己标榜为“狗狗币杀手”。截至5月12日,单枚柴犬币几乎一文不值,不到0.000029美元,但随着它相继被纳入两大加密货币交易平台欧易(OKEx)和币安网(Binance),其交易量在上周迅速飙升。中国的交易者助推了柴犬币的上涨,中国人创办的交易平台火币网颇受中国交易者的欢迎,它在上周贡献了最大的柴犬币交易量份额。

根据CoinMarketCap.com的数据,柴犬币的24小时交易额超过了80亿美元,其市值超过110亿美元。在上周被纳入热门交易平台之前,柴犬币的单日交易额最高仅超过5亿美元,而就在今年1月,其日交易额甚至还不到1美元。

就目前而言,柴犬币或许是一种“模因币”,几乎没有基础价格,也没有什么用例。但专家表示,不应忽视柴犬币的爆红,因为它反映了一个日益壮大的新加密货币交易者阶层的行为。

加密货币交易平台AAX的研究与战略主管本•卡塞林说:“我们不能够简单地彻底否定这种喧嚣炒作,而是要认识到,我们所看到的是大批刚接触加密货币的交易者在涌入这一领域,掀起一场群众运动。”

谁是狗狗币杀手?

柴犬币创造于2020年8月,但其创始人鲜为人知,他的名字叫Ryoshi。

正是Ryoshi的宣传,才让柴犬币有了“狗狗币杀手”的绰号。他认为,相较于狗狗币,柴犬币的技术更多地“由社区驱动”。狗狗币以柴犬作为吉祥物。Ryoshi就单枚柴犬币微不足道的价值进行了宣传。“我们有能力取得指数级增长,在价值上超越狗狗币,而且单枚柴犬币的价值不超过0.01美元。”该创始人在柴犬币名为“汪汪书”(woofpaper)的白皮书中写道。

Ryoshi在白皮书里说,柴犬币——以及包含柴犬币ShibSwap交易平台和由开发者、持币人和粉丝组成的去中心化柴犬币军团的“柴犬币生态系统”——是一项“自发社区建设”实验。他在白皮书上说柴犬是“一种不可思议的狗”,并且还鼓励人们向柴犬救援协会(Shiba Inu Rescue Association)捐款。不过,《财富》杂志未能联系到Ryoshi就本文置评。

“柴犬币是一种模因币,我们要接受这一点。”卡塞林指的是基于模因、在TikTok、Reddit等平台上推广的新一类加密货币。“这场模因币运动无视繁文缛节......因此,狗狗币一开始只是一个玩笑,柴犬币的白皮书也取名‘汪汪书’。”

Ryoshi声称自己没有持有任何代币,在创建柴犬币后便将50%的柴犬币汇给了以太坊的联合创始人维塔利克•布特林。理论上,此举让布特林能够一手控制柴犬币市场,如果他抛售持有的柴犬币,它的价值就会一泻千里。但Ryoshi赋予布特林这种权力是有意而为之。

“柴犬币军团认为,所有类型的成功都需要某种类型的漏洞。”加密货币杂志《Block Journal》的首席执行官大卫•萧称。

从去年8月开始,柴犬币一直处于相对默默无闻的状态,直到今年早些时候这一情况才发生了改变。当时,人们对狗狗币的兴趣呈现激增,促使交易者纷纷寻找下一个有望引爆市场的加密货币。

“柴犬币的上涨,显然是得益于狗狗币的成功。”大卫•萧指出。

狗狗币火箭般的飙涨,在一定程度上源于3月GameStop事件所引发的影响。当时,为GameStop股价暴涨推波助澜的散户投资者开始将目光转向了玩笑式的加密货币。特斯拉的首席执行官埃隆•马斯克也时不时发布推文为狗狗币背书,这也帮助狗狗币获得了认可和支持。

狗狗币的重大时刻出现在4月底,当时美国全国广播公司(NBC)宣布马斯克将在5月亮相《周六夜现场》。

在此之前的几周里,加密货币的交易者和观察家们纷纷公开猜测,马斯克是否会在节目中提及狗狗币。这波讨论为狗狗币带来了更多的曝光,也引起了亿万富翁马克•库班等名人的兴趣。

但马斯克在《周六夜现场》的亮相让一些加密货币交易者感到失望,他开玩笑地称狗狗币是“骗局”,致使其价值应声大跌30%。柴犬币似乎从《周六夜现场》所引发的舆论关注中获益不少。就在马斯克现身该节目的两天后,币安网纳入柴犬币,柴犬币的价格随之翻了一番。

大卫•萧指出,即使狗狗币没有从马斯克主持的节目中直接受益,但他的亮相和在此之前的几周所引发的种种讨论也吸引了数百万人对模因币的关注。

现在是什么情况?

柴犬币的未来是未知之数,专家们警告说,现在进场可能已经为时已晚。

5月12日,柴犬币的价格从5月11日的高点0.000034美元下挫14%,至0.000029美元。

“如果你现在买入,接下来会怎样就不好说了。”大卫•萧说道,“但如果你几天前就入局了,那么你肯定可以赚到钱。”

大卫•萧表示,随着交易者被吸引到基于模因币,而不是像以太坊那样推广先进技术或基础用例的加密货币,最近几周乃至几个月内涌现出成千上万种模因币,说到底,柴犬币应当被视为其中的一种。

“围绕柴犬币等模因币的喧嚣炒作......并不是金融现象,而是社会现象。”卡塞林说道。

大卫•萧指出,一款名为“澳大利亚牧羊犬代币”(Australian Shepherd Token)、交易代码为“ASS”的代币以及另外两款狗主题代币Astro Doge和Doge Elon,在上周都出现了上涨。

“很明显,这种上涨是不可持续的。最终大多数人都会亏钱。”他说。

尽管如此,大卫•萧说他还是收到了大量询问柴犬币的电子邮件。他在中国和世界各地的联系人都对柴犬币很好奇,想更多地了解这股热潮。

“他们所谈论的是:‘我们也能够买入这个垃圾币。’”他说。

然而,哪怕已经引发了如此多的关注,柴犬币距离超越狗狗币还是很遥远,毕竟后者现在的市值已经高达640亿美元。

“如果柴犬币超过狗狗币,我会很惊讶。”加密货币衍生品交易平台FTX的首席执行官萨姆•班克曼-弗里德说,“但世事无绝对,任何事情都有可能发生!”(财富中文网)

译者:万志文

狗狗币(Dogecoin)在诞生之初只是一个玩笑,但如今该加密货币却价值不菲。5月8日,它遭遇了主持《周六夜现场》(Saturday Night Live)的埃隆•马斯克带来的威胁,现在可能又面临着一家以小狗为主题的新兴竞争对手的挑战。

柴犬币(Shiba Inu)推出不到一年,以柴犬这一狗的品种命名。它是一种加密货币,交易代码为“SHIB”,其将自己标榜为“狗狗币杀手”。截至5月12日,单枚柴犬币几乎一文不值,不到0.000029美元,但随着它相继被纳入两大加密货币交易平台欧易(OKEx)和币安网(Binance),其交易量在上周迅速飙升。中国的交易者助推了柴犬币的上涨,中国人创办的交易平台火币网颇受中国交易者的欢迎,它在上周贡献了最大的柴犬币交易量份额。

根据CoinMarketCap.com的数据,柴犬币的24小时交易额超过了80亿美元,其市值超过110亿美元。在上周被纳入热门交易平台之前,柴犬币的单日交易额最高仅超过5亿美元,而就在今年1月,其日交易额甚至还不到1美元。

就目前而言,柴犬币或许是一种“模因币”,几乎没有基础价格,也没有什么用例。但专家表示,不应忽视柴犬币的爆红,因为它反映了一个日益壮大的新加密货币交易者阶层的行为。

加密货币交易平台AAX的研究与战略主管本•卡塞林说:“我们不能够简单地彻底否定这种喧嚣炒作,而是要认识到,我们所看到的是大批刚接触加密货币的交易者在涌入这一领域,掀起一场群众运动。”

谁是狗狗币杀手?

柴犬币创造于2020年8月,但其创始人鲜为人知,他的名字叫Ryoshi。

正是Ryoshi的宣传,才让柴犬币有了“狗狗币杀手”的绰号。他认为,相较于狗狗币,柴犬币的技术更多地“由社区驱动”。狗狗币以柴犬作为吉祥物。Ryoshi就单枚柴犬币微不足道的价值进行了宣传。“我们有能力取得指数级增长,在价值上超越狗狗币,而且单枚柴犬币的价值不超过0.01美元。”该创始人在柴犬币名为“汪汪书”(woofpaper)的白皮书中写道。

Ryoshi在白皮书里说,柴犬币——以及包含柴犬币ShibSwap交易平台和由开发者、持币人和粉丝组成的去中心化柴犬币军团的“柴犬币生态系统”——是一项“自发社区建设”实验。他在白皮书上说柴犬是“一种不可思议的狗”,并且还鼓励人们向柴犬救援协会(Shiba Inu Rescue Association)捐款。不过,《财富》杂志未能联系到Ryoshi就本文置评。

“柴犬币是一种模因币,我们要接受这一点。”卡塞林指的是基于模因、在TikTok、Reddit等平台上推广的新一类加密货币。“这场模因币运动无视繁文缛节......因此,狗狗币一开始只是一个玩笑,柴犬币的白皮书也取名‘汪汪书’。”

Ryoshi声称自己没有持有任何代币,在创建柴犬币后便将50%的柴犬币汇给了以太坊的联合创始人维塔利克•布特林。理论上,此举让布特林能够一手控制柴犬币市场,如果他抛售持有的柴犬币,它的价值就会一泻千里。但Ryoshi赋予布特林这种权力是有意而为之。

“柴犬币军团认为,所有类型的成功都需要某种类型的漏洞。”加密货币杂志《Block Journal》的首席执行官大卫•萧称。

从去年8月开始,柴犬币一直处于相对默默无闻的状态,直到今年早些时候这一情况才发生了改变。当时,人们对狗狗币的兴趣呈现激增,促使交易者纷纷寻找下一个有望引爆市场的加密货币。

“柴犬币的上涨,显然是得益于狗狗币的成功。”大卫•萧指出。

狗狗币火箭般的飙涨,在一定程度上源于3月GameStop事件所引发的影响。当时,为GameStop股价暴涨推波助澜的散户投资者开始将目光转向了玩笑式的加密货币。特斯拉的首席执行官埃隆•马斯克也时不时发布推文为狗狗币背书,这也帮助狗狗币获得了认可和支持。

狗狗币的重大时刻出现在4月底,当时美国全国广播公司(NBC)宣布马斯克将在5月亮相《周六夜现场》。

在此之前的几周里,加密货币的交易者和观察家们纷纷公开猜测,马斯克是否会在节目中提及狗狗币。这波讨论为狗狗币带来了更多的曝光,也引起了亿万富翁马克•库班等名人的兴趣。

但马斯克在《周六夜现场》的亮相让一些加密货币交易者感到失望,他开玩笑地称狗狗币是“骗局”,致使其价值应声大跌30%。柴犬币似乎从《周六夜现场》所引发的舆论关注中获益不少。就在马斯克现身该节目的两天后,币安网纳入柴犬币,柴犬币的价格随之翻了一番。

大卫•萧指出,即使狗狗币没有从马斯克主持的节目中直接受益,但他的亮相和在此之前的几周所引发的种种讨论也吸引了数百万人对模因币的关注。

现在是什么情况?

柴犬币的未来是未知之数,专家们警告说,现在进场可能已经为时已晚。

5月12日,柴犬币的价格从5月11日的高点0.000034美元下挫14%,至0.000029美元。

“如果你现在买入,接下来会怎样就不好说了。”大卫•萧说道,“但如果你几天前就入局了,那么你肯定可以赚到钱。”

大卫•萧表示,随着交易者被吸引到基于模因币,而不是像以太坊那样推广先进技术或基础用例的加密货币,最近几周乃至几个月内涌现出成千上万种模因币,说到底,柴犬币应当被视为其中的一种。

“围绕柴犬币等模因币的喧嚣炒作......并不是金融现象,而是社会现象。”卡塞林说道。

大卫•萧指出,一款名为“澳大利亚牧羊犬代币”(Australian Shepherd Token)、交易代码为“ASS”的代币以及另外两款狗主题代币Astro Doge和Doge Elon,在上周都出现了上涨。

“很明显,这种上涨是不可持续的。最终大多数人都会亏钱。”他说。

尽管如此,大卫•萧说他还是收到了大量询问柴犬币的电子邮件。他在中国和世界各地的联系人都对柴犬币很好奇,想更多地了解这股热潮。

“他们所谈论的是:‘我们也能够买入这个垃圾币。’”他说。

然而,哪怕已经引发了如此多的关注,柴犬币距离超越狗狗币还是很遥远,毕竟后者现在的市值已经高达640亿美元。

“如果柴犬币超过狗狗币,我会很惊讶。”加密货币衍生品交易平台FTX的首席执行官萨姆•班克曼-弗里德说,“但世事无绝对,任何事情都有可能发生!”(财富中文网)

译者:万志文

The Dogecoin, a joke cryptocurrency that’s now worth serious money, confronted the threat posed by Elon Musk hosting Saturday Night Live on May 8, and now it may be facing a challenge from an upstart puppy-themed competitor.

The Shiba Inu coin, launched less than a year ago and named after the dog breed, is a cryptocurrency that trades as SHIB and champions itself as the “Dogecoin killer.” A single SHIB coin is nearly worthless—less than $0.000029 as of May 12—but its trading surged this week after it was added to cryptocurrency trading platforms OKEx and Binance. Chinese traders have helped propel SHIB’s rise, with the Chinese-founded exchange Huobi, which is popular among Chinese traders, handling the largest share of SHIB’s trading volume at last week.

SHIB’s 24-hour trading volume is over $8 billion, and it has a market capitalization of over $11 billion, according to CoinMarketCap.com. Before SHIB was added to the trading platforms last week, its trading volume maxed out at just over $500 million in a single day, and as recently as January its daily trading volume was lower than $1.

For now, SHIB may be a “meme coin” and have little to no underlying value or use cases. But experts say that its popularity should not be ignored since it reflects the behaviors of a new, growing class of cryptocurrency traders.

“Rather than simply dismissing the hype outright, it’s important to realize that what we’re seeing is the mass movement of traders new to crypto moving into the space,” says Ben Caselin, head of research and strategy at cryptocurrency exchange AAX.

Who is the better Doge?

The SHIB coin was created in August 2020, but little is known about its founder, who goes by Ryoshi.

Ryoshi has promoted the coin’s “Dogecoin killer” nickname, arguing that SHIB’s technology is more “community-driven” than its counterpart, which uses the Shiba Inu as its mascot. And Ryoshi has heralded its minuscule worth. “We have the ability to outpace the value of Dogecoin, exponentially, without ever crossing the $0.01 mark,” the founder wrote in a SHIB “woofpaper,” better known as a white paper.

Ryoshi, in the paper, says that the coin—along with the “Shiba Inu Ecosystem” that includes the ShibSwap exchange and a decentralized Shib Army of developers, coin holders, and fans—was an experiment in “spontaneous community building.” Ryoshi says in the paper that Shiba Inu are “incredible dogs” and encourages people to donate to the Shiba Inu Rescue Association. Ryoshi could not be reached for comment on this article.

“SHIB coin is a meme coin and embraces that,” says Caselin, referring to the new class of coins based on memes and promoted on platforms like TikTok and Reddit. “The meme coin movement rejects formalities and protocol…Hence Dogecoin started off as a joke, and the Shiba white paper is called the woofpaper,” he says.

Ryoshi claims to not hold any coins and gave 50% of the coins to Ethereum cofounder Vitalik Buterin after creating the currency. In theory, the move gives Buterin the ability to single-handedly control the market and crash SHIB’s value should he sell off his holdings. But giving Buterin this power was intentional.

“[The Shib Army] believes that all types of successes need some type of vulnerability,” says David Hsiao, CEO of crypto magazine Block Journal.

The SHIB coin lived in relative obscurity from August until earlier this year, when a surge in interest for Dogecoin drove traders to find the next big thing.

“[SHIB coin’s] rise has obviously been due to Dogecoin’s success,” says Hsiao.

Dogecoin’s meteoric rise can be traced, in part, to fallout from the GameStop saga in March, as individual retail traders who fueled GameStop’s rise turned to joke cryptocurrencies. Periodic tweets in support of the Dogecoin from Tesla CEO Elon Musk also helped it gain legitimacy.

Dogecoin’s big moment came in late April when NBC announced Musk would appear on Saturday Night Live in May.

In the weeks leading up to the event, cryptocurrency traders and observers openly wondered if Musk would mention Dogecoin on the show. The discussion gave the coin more exposure, and sparked interest from prominent figures like billionaire Mark Cuban.

Musk’s SNL appearance disappointed some crypto traders, as he jokingly called the Dogecoin a “hustle,” a comment that sunk its value 30%. SHIB seemed to capitalize on the hype surrounding SNL. Two days after Musk’s appearance, Binance listed SHIB on its platform, and the price for SHIB doubled.

Hsiao says that even if Dogecoin didn’t directly benefit from Musk’s hosting duties, his appearance and the weeks leading up to it drew the attention of millions to meme coins.

What happens now?

SHIB’s future is uncertain, and experts caution that it may already be too late to get in on the action.

SHIB’s price dropped 14% to $0.000029 on May 12, down from a high of $0.000034 on May 11.

“If you’re buying today, I don’t know where the future lies for you,” says Hsiao. “But if you were in a few days ago, yes, you’re definitely making money.”

Ultimately, Hsiao says, SHIB should be considered as one of thousands of meme coins that have popped up in recent weeks and months as traders have gravitated toward coins based on memes rather than coins that promote a superior technology or underlying use cases like Ethereum.

“The hype around meme coins such as Shiba…is not a financial, but a social phenomenon,” says Caselin.

Hsiao notes that a coin named the Australian Shepherd Token, which trades under the name ASS, and others called Astro Doge and Doge Elon have gotten bumps at last week.

“Obviously, this is not sustainable. Most people will lose money,” he says.

Still, Hsiao says his inbox is inundated with questions about SHIB coin. Contacts in China and around the world are curious to learn more about the buzz.

“All they’re talking about is—and pardon my language—‘We might as well buy this shitcoin,’” he says.

But even with all the attention, SHIB is a long way from dethroning Dogecoin, which now has a market cap of $64 billion.

“I’d be surprised if SHIB overtook DOGE,” says Sam Bankman-Fried, chief executive officer at cryptocurrency derivatives exchange FTX. “But anything can happen!”

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