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电子病历专家有望走俏

Alex Konrad 2012年09月21日

美国正在利用政府财政支持,促进全国范围的医院和其他医疗机构采用电子病历。然而,将病历纪录从文件柜转移到硬盘离不开技术人员,由此催生了一个全新的热门职业。

    热门原因:两年前,大约只有五分之一的医院使用了电子病历。但在政府激励计划的带动下,使用电子病历的医院数量在迅速增多:截至7月底,超过3,600家医院(约72%)得到拨款,将进行向电子病历的转变。但目前大部分工作尚未完成,医疗行业急需技术人员和顾问,协助完成这个转变。

    工作内容:初级全职从业人员从医疗软件公司获得电子病历模版,并根据临床需要进行定制化处理。例如,若专家需要知道一名患者的过敏史,电子病历技术人员就要负责建立这样一份记录。亚当•夏德在致力于电子病历技术人员招聘的Kforce公司担任总监,负责医疗保健服务提供。他表示,建立电子病历的过程类似于用PowerPoint进行演示——所有模版都是现成的,只需要添加内容即可。具有一到两年工作经验的从业人员可以担任外部顾问,不仅工作时间灵活,而且收入颇丰。

    能力要求:对于新手,电子病历专业公司将提供八至十个月的培训课程。要想进入这个领域,最常见的途径是具备医疗行业背景,比如担任过执业护士或者医务助理,愿意学习如何使用电子病历软件。

    用人单位:医疗行业大公司和软件行业领导者:联合健康集团(UnitedHealth Group)、医疗软件公司Epic、医疗软件服务提供商Allscripts、医疗服务运营商HCA公司、电子病历解决方案提供商eClinicalWorks公司等。

    薪酬情况:初级50,000美元至60,000美元;有经验的从业者70,000美元以上。

    

    译者:刘进龙/汪皓

    Why it's hot:Just two years ago, about one in five hospitals used electronic health records (EHR). Thanks to an incentive program from the government, the number is growing fast: More than 3,600 hospitals (about 72%) received payments to transition to EHR as of the end of July. Much of the work remains, and the health care sector is scrambling for technicians and consultants to aid the switch.

    What you'll do:At the entry level, full-time employees take EHR templates from health care software companies and customize them to fit specific clinical needs. For example, if a specialist requires a history of patient allergies, EHR technicians will build such a history. Adam Shad, director of health care delivery for Kforce, a firm that manages EHR staffing, says the process is analogous to making a presentation in PowerPoint -- the template is there, but the content is not. Those with one or two years of experience can then work as outside consultants with flexible hours and higher pay.

    What you'll need:For those without any prior knowledge, EHR-focused companies will provide their own eight- to 10-month training course. The most common way into the space is with a background in medicine, as a registered nurse, say, or as a medical assistant with a willingness to learn how to use the EHR software.

    Who's hiring:Health care giants and software leaders: UnitedHealth Group (UNH), Epic, Allscripts (MDRX), HCA (HCA), eClinicalWorks.

    What it pays: $50,000 to $60,000 at entry level; $70,000-plus for the experienced.

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