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恭喜毕业!来我们这儿工作吧。

Nin-Hai Tseng 2011年06月02日

美国大学校园里近来香槟频频开启,值得毕业生们庆祝的不仅仅是新获得的学位,还有更好的就业前景。

    对于目前仍在酒吧打工的大学应届毕业生们来说,当前严峻的就业市场中蕴含着希望。至少一项新的调查显示,很多公司计划在未来一年内聘用应届毕业生。

    EMC Research受旧金山艺术大学(Academy of Art University)委托进行的一项调查显示,3/4的公司计划聘用应届毕业生。调查涉及从医疗保健到金融业的267家美国公司。受访公司中有23%计划在去年的基础上增加招聘人数。

    前两年就业前景异常惨淡,而此次调查结论却给2011届毕业传递了积极的信号。2009年20-24岁大学毕业生的失业率为9.1%,2010年为9.4%——创下美国劳工统计局(U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics) 1995年有统计以来该年龄段的新高。

    那么,招聘公司对2011届毕业生有何期待呢?EMC调查显示,熟练运用计算机是招聘公司最关注的技能(84%的受访公司),其次是分析技巧 (79%)和写作能力(75%)。在受访公司中,72%的公司希望有运用最新技术的经验,67%重视创造力,45%希望应聘者有互动媒体经验。

    虽然获得工作的希望上升,但也并非都是好消息。2011届毕业生的起薪收入是否会大大改善仍有待观察。罗格斯大学(Rutgers University) John L. Heldrich Center for Workforce Development本月发布的一项研究显示2009年和2010年,四年制大学毕业生的起薪中值是27,000美元,低于2006-2008年进入就业市场的毕业生的30,000美元。

    而且,虽然就业前景改善对2011届毕业生可能是个好消息,但对于目前仍未就业的往届毕业生以及仍在从事接线员等临时工作的人而言,可能是个坏消息。工作岗位可能会有所增加,但是僧多粥少,大量20多岁的大学毕业仍在苦苦等待机遇。

    To all recent college grads still tending bar, there's hope in today's tough job market. At least according to a new survey that shows many companies are planning to hire new graduates in the coming year.

    Three out of four companies plan to hire recent college grads, according to a report by EMC Research and commissioned by Academy of Art University in San Francisco, which surveyed 267 U.S. employers across a spectrum of industries from health care to finance. Of those surveyed, 23% plan to hire more than last year.

    The findings suggest optimism for the class of 2011, following pretty bleak job prospects during the past two years. The annual unemployment rate for 20- to 24-year-olds with college degrees in 2009 was 9.1% and 9.4% in 2010 – the highest recorded for this age group since the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics began tracking the data in 1985.

    So what are employers looking for from the class of 2011? The EMC survey shows that computer proficiency ranked highest on their list of desired skills (84% of respondents), followed by analytical skills (79%) and writing ability (75%). Of those surveyed, 72% wanted experience using the newest technologies while 67% valued creative ability and 45% wanted employees with experience with interactive media.

    But while the chances of landing a job might improve, it's not exactly good news all around. It remains to be seen if the earnings prospects for the class of 2011 will get much better. In 2009 and 2010, the median starting salary for students graduating from four-year colleges was $27,000, down from $30,000 for grads entering the job market from 2006 to 2008, according to a study released this month by the John L. Heldrich Center for Workforce Development at Rutgers University.

    And while potentially better jobs picture might be good news for the class of 2011, it could mean bad news for graduates of previous years still waiting tables or stuck at a temp job answering phones. Jobs might be opening up, but far too many 20-somethings with college degrees are still waiting in line for their big break.

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