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商业 - 科技

10家可能会明年上市的公司

Geoff Weiss 2015年07月20日

尽管“独角兽”公司的兴起让今年的IPO市场略显沉闷,但上市毕竟是最传统的募资方式。私募和风投研究公司Pitchbook最近列出了10家可能将在明年上市的公司。这些公司大多集中在信息技术和医疗保健领域。打头阵的就是Uber。

随着“独角兽”,即估值超过10亿美元的私有公司变得越来越常见,IPO(首次公开募股)市场热度现在明显降低。如果公司能继续从私募股本那里筹得资金,按照这一思路,他们为何要上市去经受审查,承担法律责任呢?

也有少数公司勇于进行首次公开募股,最近收官的几起案例好坏参半。阿里巴巴集团在去年9月成功募资250亿美元,创造了美股最高融资纪录。而Etsy尽管在4月成功上市,但其股价随后大幅下跌,成为2015年表现最差的新股。

尽管如此,根据Pitchbook公司的预测,依然会有更多的公司上市。这家私募和风投研究公司列出了10家可能将在明年上市的美国公司。

考虑到大多数公司都会在C轮融资之后,或是总计募集了2亿美元资金之后,进行首次公开募股,Pitchbook相应缩小了研究范围。信息技术和医疗保健是最热门的商业领域,在过去10年由风险资本支持的首次公开募股中,它们分别占据了28%和39%的比例。

以下是这10家公司的名单:

As so-called unicorns — or private companies that boast valuations in excess of $1 billion — become more and more commonplace, today’s IPO market has slowed significantly. If companies can continue to raise gobs of private equity, the thinking goes, then why withstand the scrutiny and liability of going public?

A handful of bold-faced IPOs have played out recently to mixed results. Alibaba raised $25 billion in the largest stateside offering of all time last September, though Etsy ETSY -3.02% , following a successful April debut, has since plummeted to become the worst performing IPO of 2015.

Nevertheless, more offerings could be on the way, according to Pitchbook. The private equity and venture capital research firm has compiled a list of 10 U.S.-based companies that are likely to go public over the course of the next year.

Given that most companies tend to IPO after a Series C round of funding and after having raised $200 million in total, Pitchbook narrowed its findings accordingly. Additionally, IT and health care tend to be the most popular business sectors, accounting for 28 percent and 39 percent of all VC-backed IPOs over the past 10 years.

Check out the full list of 10 below:

1、Uber

成立时间:2009年

已募集的风投资金:59亿美元

估值:428亿美元

简介:也许没有哪家公司的首次公开募股能比Uber受到更热切的期待。在所有获得风投融资的公司中,该公司的估值排名全球第二,仅次于中国的小米公司。这款打车应用目前已经进入57个国家。Uber还准备在美国再进行一轮20亿美元的融资,并计划向中国投资10亿美元,这可能导致该公司估值猛升至500亿美元。

1. Uber

Year founded: 2009

VC money raised: $5.9 billion

Valuation: $42.8 billion

About: Perhaps no prospective IPO has been more fervently anticipated than that of Uber. As the second most valuable venture-backed company in the world — second only to Chinese electronics company Xiaomi — the ride-hailing platform currently operates in 57 countries. Uber is also eyeing a $2 billion round stateside and a $1 billion Chinese investment that could catapult its valuation to upwards of $50 billion.

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