美国洛斯阿拉莫斯国家实验室（Los Alamos National Labs）的科学家称，他们这两年来一直在默默运营一种量子因特网。
理查德•休斯及其在新墨西哥州洛斯阿拉莫斯国家实验室（Los Alamos National Labs）的同事展示了一种替代性的量子因特网，并声称他们运行这个网络已经长达两年半的时间。他们的做法是创建一个基于中心辐射型网络的量子网络。从该网络中任何一点路由至另一点的所有消息都通过该中央枢纽中转。这种方法以前不是没尝试过。它的理念是，发送至中央枢纽的消息依靠正常水平的量子安全措施。然而，到达中央枢纽后，它们就被转换成传统的二进制数字，然后再恢复成量子信息，以开始其下一半旅程。
Scientists at Los Alamos National Labs say they have been quietly operating a quantum internet for the past two years.
What is a quantum internet? It is a network that employs the laws of quantum mechanics to make perfectly secure online communication possible. Because the act of measuring a quantum object necessarily changes it, any attempt to snoop on a quantum message leaves indications of tampering a would-be receiver can detect. A quantum internet would potentially allow users to send messages over a network which could then be used for absolutely secure communication. (Making SnapChat look like child's play by comparison.)
The concept has fascinated security experts, but there are thorny technical problems. For example, messages can only be sent between locations, not routed as regular Internet traffic. Deciding where a communication is headed changes its state, effectively marking it.
Now, a team from Los Alamos National Labs in New Mexico has revealed that it has managed to work around some of these limitations. As the MIT Technology Review puts it:
Richard Hughes and pals at Los Alamos National Labs in New Mexico reveal an alternative quantum internet, which they say they've been running for two and a half years. Their approach is to create a quantum network based around a hub and spoke-type network. All messages get routed from any point in the network to another via this central hub. This is not the first time this kind of approach has been tried. The idea is that messages to the hub rely on the usual level of quantum security. However, once at the hub, they are converted to conventional classical bits and then reconverted into quantum bits to be sent on the second leg of their journey.
When this innovation will be in wide use is anybody's guess. It likely won't be anytime soon. For more, check out this blog post revealing the announcement.