订阅

多平台阅读

微信订阅

杂志

申请纸刊赠阅

订阅每日电邮

移动应用

技术

Facebook有望成为互联网的未来

Jessi Hempel 2011年09月26日

短短几年前,Facebook的f8还默默无闻,只是合法黑客这个小圈子里的聚会,如今却已经成为互联网当仁不让的朝圣地,有志参与构建互联网未来基础设施的人现在蜂拥而至。

    眼下,Facebook已经占据了社交网络领域的支配地位,业界似乎鲜有竞争对手。今年6月,谷歌(Google)推出了新的社交产品——Google +。谷歌对其大肆吹捧,而该产品上市伊始就凝聚了数以百万计注册用户。不过三个月过去了,现在我们并不清楚到底有多少人还在坚持使用Google +。(谷歌最近向普通网民开放了Google +,希望能招揽到更多新用户。)Twitter虽然发展迅猛,但其业务过于局限而且还面临着重大高层变动。至于MySpace,事实上已经完蛋了。

    更为重要的是,分享正在成为主宰互联网的信息发现、传递和增长的模式,而且在某种程度上,正在取代那些不愿意与Facebook整合的搜索及内容网站,因为Facebook正在大步挺进之前一度遭到忽视的领域。而在初期就欣然接纳了Facebook的企业则获得了竞争优势;少数曾与Facebook并肩作战的幸运者现在更是获得了巨大发展。Spotify的首席执行官丹尼尔•埃克登台亮相,与扎克伯格一道向大家展示Spotify全新的音乐服务超级应用。会场上的大屏幕上显示着:“更多音乐,更多选择,付费意愿(是普通用户的)两倍。”

    随着互联网日益超越计算机的范畴,如今的Facebook已经到了无所不在的程度,它已经成为了我们生活中的一个重要平台。AKQA是一家大型数字广告代理公司,拥有奥迪(Audi)、耐克(Nike)等重量级客户。其首席执行官汤姆•贝德凯尔正在思考Facebook的未来发展,也许Facebook能搬上电视屏幕,也许还能进入我们的汽车(当然是声控版的Facebook)。贝德凯尔说:“对于大型广告机构而言,Facebook正在成为互联网的代名词。”

    然而,这代表Facebook一定就是互联网的未来。Facebook这次的改版太显著了,足以激起用户的强烈反应。他们也许会觉得曝光过度,或是直接被如此多的变化弄得不知所措。(近来Facebook对界面做了大量改动,网站外观已经发生了显著变化。)而且,Facebook的潜在竞争对手并不仅仅局限于大型社交网站范畴,任何快速发展的互联网公司都可能成为威胁。而且,前提还是美国政府未来不会出于隐私保护或是反垄断方面的考虑出面干涉。

    也许这就是为什么尽管信徒数量一直在增加,扎克伯格却努力变得谦虚谨慎一点。今年的大会,他邀请了《周六夜现场》(Saturday Night Live)的明星安迪•萨姆博格来调侃自己。萨姆博格笑问:“Facebook究竟有多少用户?应该要比自称发明了Facebook的人多吧。”扎克伯格显然在自我解嘲。那一刻,大家都由衷地笑了。

    译者:项航

    At the moment, it would seem there's not much competition over who gets to control (and make money from) all of this sharing and connecting. In June, Google (GOOG) launched its new social product, Google+, to great fanfare and attracted tens of millions of sign-ups right away, but three months after launch it's not clear people are actually using it. (The company just recently opened Google+ to the wider public, hoping for a surge of new users.) Twitter is growing fast, but its scope is more limited and it has had considerable organizational challenges. MySpace is, well, dead.

    What's more, as sharing becomes the dominant paradigm for how information is discovered and passed on, augmenting and in some cases replacing traditional search, web sites that choose not to integrate with Facebook increasingly occupy overlooked corners of a shadow web. Those that embrace these tools early can gain competitive advantage; the lucky few that develop alongside the company as launch partners receive huge boosts. Daniel Ek, CEO of Spotify, took the stage alongside Zuckerberg to show off the music service's new super ap. The bullet points above his head read, "More music, more variety, twice as likely to pay."

    As the web expands beyond our computers, this puts Facebook everywhere -- as the dominant interface to our lives. As CEO of large digital ad agency AKQA with clients like Audi and Nike (NKE), Tom Bedecarre is thinking about a future in which Facebook is available on our TV sets and in our cars (voice-activated, of course). Says Bedecarrre, "For large marketers, Facebook is becoming the web."

    But it's not a given that the web belongs to Facebook. These new changes are significant enough that they are sure to inspire intense reactions from users who may feel overexposed or simply overwhelmed by so much change. (Recent incremental changes to the site's interface have already significantly changed the way the site looks.) The potential for competition isn't limited to large social properties -- any fast growing web property poses a threat. And that's if Washington doesn't step in at some point over privacy or concerns about competitiveness.

    Maybe that's why, as Zuckerberg's audience grows, he makes more of an attempt at humility. He began this year's event by inviting Saturday Night Live Star Andy Samberg up to make fun of him. "How many users does Facebook have?" Samberg joked. "Even more people than claim they invented Facebook." It was self-deprecating. It was funny. For a moment.

上一页 1 2

我来点评

  最新文章

最新文章:

500强情报中心

财富专栏