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哈佛、斯坦福、麻省理工:最善于培养女性企业家的名校

Tom Huddleston, Jr. 2014年09月04日

根据PitchBook公司编撰的榜单显示,斯坦福大学、哈佛大学和麻省理工学院培养出的女性企业家最多。但总体来说,女性创业者的人数仍然远少于男性。

    PitchBook公司分析师安迪•怀特表示:“这些学校的许多本科生将大量精力投入到计算机科学和工程的学习上,尤其是在过去十年。这不无道理,因为这些学校本来就擅长培养这类学位持有者。因此,它们的毕业生无论男女,都能成为这类产品和公司的创造者。”

    然而,即便是这些顶尖学校培养的女性创始人和总的公司创始人数目,也十分不成比例。例如,斯坦福在过去5年中培养了40位女性创始人,名列第一,然而这只是创立公司并获得风投资金支持的该校校友总数(378人)的11%。与之类似,女性创始人仅占哈佛MBA创始人总数(352人)的16%。

    怀特表示,他认为男女创始人的差距将逐渐变小,他还援引了PitchBook公司从去年开始的一项研究。这项研究显示,在过去十年中,至少拥有一名女性创始人的公司在风投基金的投资占比持续增加。这些数据显示,在此期间,女性创立的公司在美国风投融资的占比增至以前的3倍多,在去年达到13%。

    怀特说:“你看,有更多的钱流入了女性创立的公司中。在我看来,这一趋势将有增无减。”(财富中文网)

    译者:严匡正

    “A lot of the undergraduates [at these schools] have been heavily focusing on computer science and engineering, especially in the past decade or so. It makes sense, since those schools are producing those types of degree holders, that both male and female graduates would be the ones creating these products and companies,” said Andy White, a PitchBook analyst.

    However, even the top schools on the PitchBook list are seeing a large disparity between the number of female founders they graduate and the total number of company founders spawned by each school. For instance, Stanford may lead the way with 40 female founders over the past five years, but that group accounts for less than 11% of the total number (378) of Stanford alums to receive VC funding for their companies in that period. Similarly, female founders account for only about 16% of the 352 total company founders with Harvard MBAs from that same time period.

    White says he expects the gap between female and male company founders to narrow over time, though, and he even points to a PitchBook study from last year showing that companies with at least one female founder have increased their share of VC funding rounds in each of the previous 10 years. Those numbers showed female-founded companies more than tripled their share of U.S. venture rounds during that time, rising to 13% last year.

    “You see a lot more money flowing into those companies founded by women and I can only see that increasing,” White said.

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